The Arms Trade Treaty (ATT) was adopted in 2013 with the purpose of establishing common international standards to regulate the international trade in conventional arms and to prevent and eradicate their diversion into the illicit trade. As enunciated in Article 1 of the Treaty, the ATT is intended to contribute to international and regional peace, security, and stability; reduce human suffering; and promote cooperation, transparency, and responsible action by States Parties. The ATT contains a variety of obligations to fulfill this object and purpose. For the Asia-Pacific region, the ATT provides a significant opportunity to highlight and address issues of concern. The Arms Trade Treaty Baseline Assessment Project (ATT-BAP) has participated in several workshops across the region, which have involved the participation of States Parties, signatories and non-signatories. Participants were invited to analyze their national systems against the provisions contained in the ATT and to undertake a baseline assessment or gap analysis of their national transfer control systems. The workshops identified several challenges to be addressed by States in the Asia-Pacific region that seek to effectively implement the ATT:
- Outdated legislation;
- Limited human resources;
- Lack of x-ray machines at border posts; and
- Limitations in record keeping and reporting systems and procedures.
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