Despite the seeming ambiguities and contradictions of China’s policy toward the North and South Koreas, especially under the Xi Jinping administration and in light of Pyongyang’s latest nuclear developments, China’s cost-benefit analysis on the Korean Peninsula arguably have remained largely unchanged. Chinese Perspectives Towards the Korean Peninsula: In the Aftermath of North Korea’s Fourth Nuclear Test is a collection of three papers by Chinese experts evaluating the strategic position of the Korean Peninsula in Xi’s overall foreign strategy, Xi’s South Korea policy, and China’s policy adjustment toward North Korea given recent nuclear developments. These papers also discuss China’s attitude towards unification on the Korean Peninsula and the impact of the US rebalance to Asia on China’s security calculus. The authors deliberate over China’s strategic intentions, its likely course of actions, opportunities and expectations for stability, and factors affecting China’s calculus. In doing so, these briefs shed light for policymakers in the United States and Asia-Pacific region on China’s policy considerations towards the Korean Peninsula.