Aditi Gorur

Senior Fellow and Director

Protecting Civilians in Conflict

Aditi Gorur is a Senior Fellow and Director of the Protecting Civilians in Conflict Program at Stimson. Her primary research focus is on preventing and responding to violence against civilians, particularly in the context of peacekeeping operations. Before joining Stimson, Gorur worked with the Indian Institute for Human Settlements in India, the Asia Foundation and the Center for Liberty in the Middle East in Washington, DC, and the Melbourne University Law School in Australia. She holds a Master of Arts in international security from Georgetown University, as well as a Bachelor of Arts in development studies and a Bachelor of Laws with honors from the University of Melbourne.

Projects

Bridging policy innovation and field research to improve the effectiveness of United Nations peacekeeping

Sharing knowledge and resources to strengthen policymakers’ and practitioners’ commitment and capacity to prevent atrocities around the world.

Research & Writing
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Report
Prioritization and Sequencing of Peacekeeping Mandates: The Case of MINUSMA

On May 20, 2020, the International Peace Institute (IPI), the Stimson Center, and Security Council Report organized a virtual workshop to discuss the mandate and political strategy of the United Nations Multidimensional Integrated Stabili­zation Mission in Mali (MINUSMA).

Commentary
Overcoming Hurdles for Women Peacekeepers in the Field

Women deploying to UN peacekeeping missions face additional hurdles due to their gender, which must be addressed

Chapter
Conflicting Means, Converging Goals: Civilian Protection and SSR

UN peacekeeping missions are called on to protect civilians and support security sector reform, but these two tasks sometimes conflict

Commentary
The Need for Monitoring and Evaluation in Advancing Protection of Civilians

Despite all the progress the United Nations has made on protection of civilians (POC) policy in the past twenty years, and the innovative protection practices UN peacekeepers have implemented in the field as a result, it is unclear if and to what exten…

Report
Evolution of the protection of civilians in UN peacekeeping

This Special Report, published by ASPI, includes contributions from leading experts in the field, including Stimson Center experts, Victoria Holt, Managing Director, and Aditi Gorur, Senior Fellow and Director of the Protecting Civilians in Confli…

Impact
Protecting People and Saving Lives

Providing innovative and adaptable solutions for improved peacekeeping to protect civilians in conflict zones.

Stimson in the News
Aditi Gorur Quoted on John Bolton Appointment as National Security Adviser

  Read the full article here

Report
U.N. Peacekeeping & Host-State Consent

A fundamental principle of United Nations (U.N.) peacekeeping is that missions deploy only with the consent of the main parties to a conflict, including the host-state government. In practice, however, the absence of genuine host-state consent represents one of the greatest threats to the success of modern peacekeeping missions.

Stimson in the News
Aditi Gorur Op-Ed on Ugandan President’s Praise of Trump

Read article here.

Stimson in the News
Aditi Gorur Quoted on U.N. Peacekeeping Troops

Read article here.

Stimson in the News
Aditi Gorur quoted on UN Peacekeeping Budget Cut

Read article here.

Stimson in the News
Aditi Gorur Op-Ed on America’s Role to Avert Genocide in Central African Republic

Today President Faustin-Archange Touadera of the Central African Republic (CAR) will ask the United Nations to help him put an end to the crisis in his country. On the surface, it’s a tough sell, given how many conflicts around the world dema…

Press Statement
Statement of Aditi Gorur: Democratic Republic of the Congo

Statement — Briefing on Democratic Republic of the Congo: An Update Aditi Gorur Director, Protecting Civilians in Conflict Program, Stimson Center House Foreign Affairs Committee Tom Lantos Human Rights Commission Washington, DC August 23, 2017…

Stimson in the News
Aditi Gorur Briefs Capitol Hill on Political Situation in Congo

Political Situation in Congo The Tom Lantos Human Rights Commission hosted a panel discussion on the current political and security situations in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC). Speakers also discussed emerging human rights violations, loca…

Commentary
Field Notes — Protecting Civilians in the Central African Republic

Since 2014, MINUSCA — the United Nations Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission in the Central African Republic — has worked to protect civilians and keep the peace. Stimson experts Aditi Gorur and Madeline Vellturo trave…

Stimson in the News
Aditi Gorur Quoted in The Cipher Brief on Peacekeeping

BANGUI, Central African Republic – Since May 8, fighting in the southeastern city of Bangassou, the southern town of Alindao and the central mining town of Bria has left more than 300 people dead, 200 injured and 70,000 displaced, according to the U.N….

Stimson in the News
Aditi Gorur quoted in Associated Press on UN Peacekeeping in Haiti

UNITED NATIONS (AP) — The Security Council voted unanimously Thursday to end the U.N. peacekeeping mission in Haiti in mid-October after 13 years, sending a strong signal that the international community believes the impoverished Caribbean nation is s…

Stimson in the News
Aditi Gorur quoted in The Christian Science Monitor on Trump’s Approach to UN Peacekeeping

UNITED NATIONS, N.Y.—These days Cote d’Ivoire, Liberia, and Sierra Leone may be stable countries of a quietly advancing West Africa, but two decades ago that was not the case. All three were embroiled in civil conflicts with deep political turmoil and…

Stimson in the News
Aditi Gorur quoted in Associated Press on UN Peacekeeping in Haiti

CITE SOLEIL, Haiti (AP) — A few dozen Brazilian troops wearing the blue helmets of the U.N. military force stroll through a dense warren of shacks in Haiti’s most notorious slum, facing no greater threat than a few barking dogs along some of the same s…

Stimson in the News
Aditi Gorur quoted in The Washington Post on UN Counterterrorism

Since World War II, U.N. peacekeepers have been dispatched to 69 conflicts — civil wars, border disputes and failed states. But now they are confronting an unsettling new threat: al-Qaeda. -snip- “Peacekeepers are only meant to use deadly force to prot…

Stimson in the News
Aditi Gorur quoted in AFP on UN Peacekeeping

United Nations (United States) (AFP) – Washington’s new UN envoy Nikki Haley is putting in motion a far-reaching review of UN peacekeeping that is likely to lead to closures and downsizing of missions, according to diplomats. -snip- But analyst Aditi G…

Report
Local Conflict, Local Peacekeeping

Although United Nations (U.N.) peacekeeping missions are mandated in response to major national- or international-level conflicts, missions are often confronted with a variety of locally-driven conflicts once they deploy. The 2015 report of the High-Le…

Commentary
Defining the Boundaries of UN Stabilization Missions

In 2004, the United Nations Security Council authorized the first stabilization mission in Haiti. Since then, it has authorized three more in the Democratic Republic of Congo, Mali, and the Central African Republic. Yet the Security Council has never d…

Stimson in the News
Aditi Gorur quoted in US News & World Report on female UN peacekeepers

A 14-year-old pulled into the grass and gang raped as she walked by a United Nations base. An 18-year-old asking troops for money, only to be dragged into the bush and sexually assaulted. It’s been a rough year for the U.N. peacekeeping missi…

Press Release
Expert Analysis: Confronting Transnational Challenges at UN and Beyond

As President Obama addressed the U.N. General Assembly today for his eighth and final time, experts from the nonpartisan Stimson Center analyze the remarks as well as U.S. and U.N. efforts to confront 21st century transnational threats: Aditi Gorur, Di…

Stimson in the News
Aditi Gorur and Madeline Velturo op-ed on Peacekeepers That Won’tAct to Keep Peace

The latest outbreak of political violence in South Sudan has left an estimated forty-two thousand people homeless and claimed the lives of two UN peacekeepers. The violence between forces loyal to President Salva Kiir and First Vice President Riek…

Stimson in the News
Rachel Stohl and Shannon Dick op-ed in The Hill on Child Soldiers in South Sudan

This month marks the fifth anniversary of South Sudan’s independence and the country appears to be on the verge civil war — again. July has been marred by renewed violence and numerous reports of human rights abuses committed by both government and reb…

Stimson in the News
Aditi Gorur and Rachel Stohl op-ed in Foreign Affairs on Protecting Civilians in South Sudan

South Sudan’s fragile peace is falling apart. Five years after the country gained independence, it is on the brink of a return to civil war. The international community, which has already invested a great deal in supporting the nascent state, is runnin…

Commentary
Two Options for South Sudan

By Aditi Gorur and Rachel Stohl: South Sudan’s fragile peace is falling apart. Five years after the country gained independence, it is on the brink of a return to civil war. The international community, which has already invested a great deal in suppor…

Stimson in the News
Aditi Gorur quoted in UN Dispatch on peacekeeping in Mali

In Mali, it is UN peacekeepers — and not the civilians they are meant to protect — who have become the primary targets of a growing insurgency. -snip- This is upending the traditional UN playbook. For example, protection of civilians is at the heart of…

Commentary
As Trudeau Leaves Washington, Canada Eyes Return to Peacekeeping

By Aditi Gorur:  When President Barack Obama met with Prime Minister Justin Trudeau last week, the two leaders had a lot to discuss. Both are confronting violent extremism, refugee crises, and attacks on civilians that demand international respons…

Issue Brief
Prioritizing the Protection of Civilians in UN Peace Operations

Despite rhetoric and mandates that identify the protection of civilians as one of the highest priorities for U.N. peace operations, protection is often not treated as a priority on the ground. The report of the High-Level Independent Panel on U.N. Peac…

Commentary
Analysis Of State Of The Union Address

Following last night’s State of the Union address — the last of Barack Obama’s presidency — experts from the nonpartisan Stimson Center analyze and provide context on the president’s remarks: Johan Bergenas, Director, Partnerships in Security…

Issue Brief
Revising The UN Peacekeeping Mandate In South Sudan

Civil war has raged in South Sudan for two years. Horrific atrocities continue to be committed against the civilian population by both primary parties to the conflict as UNMISS has struggled to protect civilians within and beyond its protection of civi…

Report
Revising The UN Peacekeeping Mandate In South Sudan

By Lisa Sharland and Aditi Gorur:  Civil war has raged in South Sudan for two years. Horrific atrocities continue to be committed against the civilian population by both primary parties to the conflict as the United Nations mission in South Sudan…

Commentary
The International and U.S. Responsibility to Implement Human Syrian Refugee Policies

To commemorate the new partnership between the Stimson Center and the Humphrey School of Public Affairs at the University of Minnesota, we convened a panel comprised of scholars and scholar/practitioners from both institutions. The discussion examined…

Commentary
The Central African Republic Is Still in Crisis. Can UN Peacekeepers Help?

The kidnapping and assassination of senior political figures in Bangui in recent weeks, along with a number of violent intercommunal reprisals and attacks on peacekeepers, have sparked concerns the Central African Republic’s capital may be about to des…

Stimson in the News
Aditi Gorur & Lisa Sharland’s Op-ed in The National Interest on Central African Republic Crisis

The kidnapping and assassination of senior political figures in Bangui in recent weeks, along with a number of violent intercommunal reprisals and attacks on peacekeepers, have sparked concerns the Central African Republic’s capital may be about to des…

Commentary
Aditi Gorur Promoted to Director of Stimson’s Protecting Civilians in Conflict Program

The Stimson Center announced today that Aditi Gorur has been promoted to Director of Stimson’s Protecting Civilians in Conflict program. Under Gorur’s leadership, Protecting Civilians in Conflict will build on the Center’s extensive body of work on the…

Stimson in the News
Aditi Gorur’s op-ed in The National Interest on Sudan

Today marks four years since South Sudan became an independent nation-a triumphant moment for the country and for the international community. But vicious fighting and deliberate attacks on civilians have overshadowed today’s Independence Day celebrati…

Issue Brief
Reconciling Security Sector Reform and the Protection of Civilians in Peacekeeping Contexts

By Aditi Gorur and Fairlie Chappuis: The war in the Democratic Republic of Congo directly resulted in the deaths of 860,000 people, mostly civilians, over the period 2007–2010.  The vast majority of these deaths occurred at the hands of rebels, de…

Commentary
In South Sudan, U.N. Peacekeepers’ Biggest Challenge: Staying Neutral

JUBA, South Sudan—South Sudan is in crisis. Following the outbreak of a civil war almost a year ago, the country has been devastated by widespread violence that is both politically and ethnically motivated. The international community’s ability to stop…

Stimson in the News
Aditi Gorur op-ed in World Politics Review on crisis in South-Sudan

JUBA, South Sudan—South Sudan is in crisis. Following the outbreak of a civil war almost a year ago, the country has been devastated by widespread violence that is both politically and ethnically motivated. The international community’s ability to stop…

Report
“Will They Protect Us For The Next 10 Years?” Challenges Faced By UN Peacekeeping Mission

The United Nations faces an unprecedented challenge in South Sudan. The country has been devastated by the civil war that broke out in December 2013, just two and a half years after South Sudan gained its independence from Sudan. It is alleged that arm…

Commentary
UNMISS Faces ‘Hard Choices’ Preventing Violence, Protecting Civilians

In advance of new recommendations anticipated to be released today by the Secretary-General of the United Nations on the future of the U.N. peacekeeping operation in South Sudan (UNMISS), a new report by the Stimson Center and the Sudd Institute finds…

Report
Perceptions of Security Among Internally Displaced Persons in Juba, South Sudan

Many Fear Violence in South Sudan as Nearly 100,000 Seek Shelter at UN  Focus Group Findings Released on Eve of Major Peacekeeping Summit An unprecedented 96,800 people are seeking shelter from violence inside U.N. peacekeeping operation bases in…

Report
Perceptions of Security in Aweil North County, South Sudan

View press release here. The recent crisis in South Sudan highlights the importance of research on how civilians can and should be protected from deliberate violence. In December 2013, fighting broke out across South Sudan between government forces led…

Stimson in the News
Aditi Gorur’s op-ed on relations between peacekeepers and afflicted communities published in IOC

Organisations working on conflict prevention and peacebuilding increasingly understand the importance of making their programmes responsive to the communities with which they work. That means that they need to engage with those communities to understan…

Commentary
Working safely with communities: how to mitigate risks?

Organisations working on conflict prevention and peacebuilding increasingly understand the importance of making their programmes responsive to the communities with which they work. That means that they need to engage with those communities to understan…

Commentary
Supporting Their Troops: America’s Role In UN Peacekeeping

May 29th is the International Day of UN Peacekeepers, a day to commemorate the sacrifices of those who have lost their lives serving in peacekeeping operations and to celebrate the roughly 120,000 peacekeepers currently serving in missions around the w…

Commentary
Justice for Victims of Sexual Violence at the ICC?

This Friday, the International Criminal Court (ICC) is expected to reach a decision that could be a major milestone. If the defendant is found guilty of rape and sexual slavery it would be the first conviction on sexual violence charges at the ICC, whi…

Issue Brief
Community Self-Protection Strategies: How Peacekeepers Can Help or Harm

In the face of deliberate violence against civilians, communities often have no one to rely on for protection but themselves. These communities may pursue a wide variety of activities to counter, mitigate, deter or avoid threats. A diverse range of act…

Commentary
New U.N. Force May Increase Risks for Civilians

In response to fighting between government forces and rebels in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) that threatens regional stability, the United Nations Security Council has authorized an “intervention brigade” – a new kind of international stabili…

Commentary
Mali: Planning Now for Peacebuilding

By Aditi Gorur and Michelle Ker The last few weeks have seen a flurry of new developments in the crisis in Mali. While many stakeholders focus on the immediate objective of neutralizing Islamist militants’ ability to control Mali and destabilize the re…

Commentary
Striking while the Iron’s Hot: The Case for Humanitarian Engagement with M23 after Goma

Many people were taken aback when the rebel group M23 managed to capture the strategically vital city of Goma in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) on 20 November. They were even more surprised a week later when, despite its apparent capacity to ma…

Commentary
Turning Talk into Action: Encouraging M23 to Uphold Human Rights

“If this goes on, we are considering taking Goma and rescuing the population… we are going to protect them. We are going to prevent those crimes against civilians.” — Vianney Kazarama, spokesperson for M23, October 1, 2012. In July, after the armed…

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