Sameer Lalwani

Senior Fellow and Director

South Asia

Sameer Lalwani is a Senior Fellow and Director of the South Asia Program at the Stimson Center where he researches nuclear deterrence, interstate rivalry, national security decision making, crisis behavior, and counter/insurgency. He is also a term member with the Council on Foreign Relations, a Contributing Editor to War on the Rocks, a non-resident fellow with the Sigur Center for Asian Studies at George Washington University (GWU), and a 2019 National Asia Research Program Fellow. He has been an Adjunct Professor at George Washington University’s Elliott School of International Affairs and was previously a Stanton Nuclear Security Postdoctoral Fellow at the RAND Corporation. His work has been published by Security Studies, the Journal of Strategic Studies, The Washington Quarterly, Asian Survey, Small Wars & InsurgenciesForeign AffairsForeign Policy, and the New York Times. Lalwani completed his Ph.D. from MIT’s Department of Political Science, where he was an affiliate of its Security Studies Program.

Lalwani’s dissertation research focused on South Asian national security decision making. He has conducted extensive fieldwork in India (including the Kashmir Valley), Pakistan, and Sri Lanka (including the former LTTE stronghold of Jaffna), as well as archival work at the British National Archives and British Library. He has also conducted interviews on U.S. Asia strategy in China, Japan, and Taiwan.

Lalwani was previously a Predoctoral Fellow at GWU Elliott School’s Institute for Security and Conflict Studies, an Adjunct at the RAND Corporation, a Visiting Fellow at India’s Institute for Defence Studies and Analyses and at Pakistan’s Lahore University of Management Sciences, a Research Fellow at the New America Foundation, a Tobin Project Scholar, and a Smith Richardson World Politics and Statecraft Fellow. He has also been selected to participate in the German Marshall Fund’s Young Strategists Forum, the Center for a New American Security’s Next Generation National Security Leaders Fellowship, and the Center for Strategic and International Studies’ Nuclear Scholars Initiative. He currently serves on the International Research Committee of the Regional Centre for Strategic Studies (Colombo, Sri Lanka).

Projects

Analysis of emerging domestic political, institutional economic, and socio-cultural dynamics and consequences for regional relations and security behaviors.

In-depth analysis of evolving grand strategies, competitive behaviors, and strategic alignments in the Indo-Pacific

Reducing nuclear dangers and fostering strategic stability on the Subcontinent

Research & Writing
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Report
India’s Kashmir Conundrum

On August 5, 2019, Prime Minister Narendra Modi and the Indian government sought to arrest a thirty-year insurgency with an unprecedented change to the country’s constitution to revoke autonomy provisions for the state of Jammu and Kashmir (J&K), s…

Op-Ed
India revoked Kashmir’s autonomy a year ago. What has happened since then?

This article was originally published in the Washington Post

Op-Ed
Revelations and Opportunities: What the United States Can Learn from the Sino-Indian Crisis

This article was originally published in War on the Rocks.

Issue Brief
Pakistan in 2019

This article was originally published in the Institute of East Asian Studies’ Asian Survey

Policy Paper
From Kargil to Balakot: Southern Asian Crisis Dynamics and Future Trajectories

Two decade review: South Asia crises will likely escalate further & faster as escalation pressure and crisis management challenges grow

Op-Ed
Trump’s India trip didn’t produce a trade deal. Here’s what did result.

Four takeaways from a trip that some say was more about optics than outcomes

Policy Paper
Great Expectations: Asking Too Much of the US-India Strategic Partnership

After India re-elected Narendra Modi as Prime Minister in May 2019 in a landslide victory, President Trump congratulated him, tweeting that “great things are in store for the US-India partnership with the return of PM Modi at the helm.” In June, A…

Stimson in the News
Sameer Lalwani cited in article about the vast destructive impact that even a ‘small’ nuclear war would have

Nuclear war doesn’t have to be big to devastate the world, inducing years of famine and climate catastrophe alongside all that death and radiation. Stipulated: A nuclear war would be real bad. But, like, how bad, exactly? What if it wasn’t al…

Stimson in the News
Sameer Lalwani cited in article about the US and Afghan Taliban moving closer to a deal

As he concluded his eighth round of negotiations with the Taliban on August 12th, Zalmay Khalilzad, America’s envoy for Afghan peace talks, did not quite say that a deal allowing the extraction of American troops was done. But he came close. After…

Stimson in the News
Sameer Lalwani cited in article about The U.S.’s need for an explicit India strategy

The flux in US-India relationship has evoked consternation within the analyst community, particularly in the US. In a recent article, analyst Sameer Lalwani wrote that repeated “India fatigue” (a term to describe India’s inability to match US strategic…

Stimson in the News
Sameer Lalwani cited in article about India’s risky Kashmir power grab

India’s government, led by Prime Minister Narendra Modi, has made a controversial move to usurp power from the nation’s only Muslim-majority state, potentially igniting unrest in one of the world’s most dangerous nuclear flashpoints. On Monday, In…

Stimson in the News
Sameer Lalwani cited in article about the possibility of a nuclear element to the decades long India-Pakistan struggle over Kashmir

The Indian government this week moved toward revoking special status for a contested region, Kashmir, that makes up the country’s only Muslim-majority state.  The decision to revoke the constitutional provision that previously gave the Indian-cont…

Stimson in the News
The Elephant in the Room: Auditing the Past and Future of the U.S.-India Partnership by Sameer Lalwani and Heather Byrne

Optimism has steadied U.S.-India relations for more than a decade. Recently, security scholars and regional analysts have lauded India as “the Trump Administration’s foreign policy bright spot” and “a central partner in U.S. efforts to balance rising C…

Research Pages
Southern (Dis)Comfort

“Southern (Dis)Comfort” is a special series from War on the Rocks and the Stimson Center that seeks to unpack the dynamics of intensifying competition—military, economic, diplomatic—in Southern Asia, principally among China, India, Pakistan, and the Un…

Stimson in the News
Sameer Lalwani Quoted on Indian Missile Defense Purchase

“The irony of the U.S. pressing India on the S-400 is that several former U.S. defence officials have praised the military utility of Russian platforms like Brahmos cruise missiles and the S-400 system enabling India to face off against China. The U.S….

Press Release
STATEMENT: India’s election results show shift in Indian Politics, impacting Indian national security and foreign policy

FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE 05/24/2019 CONTACT Caiti Goodman, 202.478.3437 (O), 202.361.0254 (C), [email protected] Statement: India’s election results show shift in Indian Politics, impacting India’s national security and foreign policy Prime Mi…

Chapter
Reluctant Link? India, the Quad, and the Free and Open Indo-Pacific

Sameer Lalwani contributed a chapter to an April 2019 report from the German Marshall Fund US, Mind the Gap: National Views of The Free and Open Indo-Pacific.  When the eighth iteration of the Young Strategists Forum (YSF) took place in January 20…

Stimson in the News
Op-ed by Sameer Lalwani and Eyal Hanfling on The Kargil War

The Kargil War: India and Pakistan 20 Years Later In February 2019, the threat of war in South Asia appeared imminent for the first time in over a decade. For the first time since 1971, India and Pakistan traded cross-border airstrikes; they also engag…

Commentary
The Kargil War: India and Pakistan 20 Years Later

In February 2019, the threat of war in South Asia appeared imminent for the first time in over a decade. For the first time since 1971, India and Pakistan traded cross-border airstrikes; they also engaged in conventional clashes not seen since the 1999…

Stimson in the News
Sameer Lalwani quoted in Vox article about Sri Lanka’s Suffering before Easter Sunday bombings

Sri Lanka suffered from decades of violence before the Easter Sunday bombings On Easter Sunday, a series of coordinated bomb attacks killed nearly 300 people in Sri Lanka. It was an unhappy reminder for many of the country’s recent history of…

Commentary
Did India shoot down a Pakistani F-16 in February? This just became a big deal.

With voting underway in India’s general election, February’s Kashmir conflict is likely to weigh on the minds of voters, especially given last week’s social media uproar over the reported downing of a Pakistani F-16 fighter jet during the crisis. The c…

Stimson in the News
Op-ed by Sameer Lalwani and Emily Tallo on the Shooting of a Pakistani F-16

Did India shoot down a Pakistani F-16 in February? This just became a big deal. With voting underway in India’s general election, February’s Kashmir conflict is likely to weigh on the minds of voters, especially given last week’s social media…

Policy Paper
The Quad: Alliance or Alignment?

WITH the third meeting within a year of the quadrilateral security dialogue, or ‘Quad’, between officials from Australia, India, Japan, and the United States, bullish analysis suggests the Quad is a formation that is evolving but enduring. After weathe…

Stimson in the News
Interview with Sameer Lalwani in NPR on Pakistan Shooting Down Indian Jets

Pakistan Says It Shot Down Indian Jets NPR’s Steve Inskeep speaks to Stimson Center South Asia Director Sameer Lalwani about the escalating conflict between Pakistan and India after Pakistan said it shot down two Indian fighter jets. Read or listen to…

Commentary
Drivers, Decisions, Dilemmas: Understanding the Kashmir Crisis and its Implications

Nearly 20 years after India and Pakistan clashed in the heights of Kargil — only the second time in history nuclear-armed rivals fought a hot war — the two South Asian rivals have once again found themselves careening toward conflict over Kashmir. Last…

Stimson in the News
Op-ed by Sameer Lalwani and Emily Tallo about the Kashmir Crisis

DRIVERS, DECISIONS, DILEMMAS: UNDERSTANDING THE KASHMIR CRISIS AND ITS IMPLICATIONS Nearly 20 years after India and Pakistan clashed in the heights of Kargil — only the second time in history nuclear-armed rivals fought a hot war — the two So…

Stimson in the News
Sameer Lalwani Quoted on Asia Reassurance Initiative Act

Asia Reassurance Initiative Act passed by US Senate Will Beef Up Engagement Across Indo-Pacific (Nirmal Ghosh)- December 13, 2018 Read more here. 

Commentary
Rajesh Rajagopalan Reviews “Investigating Crises”

Rajesh Rajagopalan, Professor in International Politics at Jawaharlal Nehru University, reviewed Stimson’s edited volume, Investigating Crises: South Asian’s Lessons, Evolving Dynamics, and Trajectories, in the September 2018 edition of…

Commentary
India and Pakistan Aren’t Ready for Another Terrorist Crisis

On the week of the 10th anniversary of the Mumbai terrorist massacre, the bilateral cooperation between India and Pakistan to open a visa-free corridor for Sikh pilgrims to access a sacred place of worship offers a rare moment of inspiration….

Stimson in the News
Sameer Lalwani Quoted on U.S.- Pakistan Relations

“عمران خان اور ڈونلڈ ٹرمپ ایک دوسرے سے ہی مخاطب ہی نہیں” (Shuja Malik)- November 23, 2018 Read more here. 

Stimson in the News
Sameer Lalwani Quoted on India-Vietnam Defense Cooperation

Vietnam Offers India Chance to Get Tougher Against Maritime Rival China (Ralph Jennings)- November 20, 2018 Read more here. 

Stimson in the News
Sameer Lalwani Interviewed by VOA Urdu on India-Pakistan Arms Race

“کیا پاکستان اور بھارت میں ہتھیاروں کی دوڑ تیز ہو رہی ہے؟” View 360 Program, Voice of America (VOA) Urdu – October 11, 2018 Click here to see the full program.

Stimson in the News
Sameer Lalwani Interviewed by VOA Urdu on U.S.-Pakistan Talks

’پاکستان طالبان کو مذاکرات پر آمادہ کرے‘ View 360 Program, Voice of America (VOA) Urdu – October 3, 2018 Click here to see the full program.

Press Release
Sameer Lalwani Appointed Director, Elizabeth Threlkeld Deputy Director of Growing South Asia Program

For Immediate Release Contact: Audel Shokohzadeh, [email protected], 202-478-3419 September 5, 2018 Washington, DC – The Stimson Center announces today that Sameer Lalwani has been appointed as the Director of the Stimson Center’s South Asia program an…

Stimson in the News
Sameer Lalwani Quoted on U.S.-India Defense Agreements

U.S., India to Discuss Sale of Drones, Exchange of Satellite Data (Idrees Ali, Phil Stewart)- September 4, 2018 Read more here.

Stimson in the News
Sameer Lalwani Quoted on U.S. Military Aid to Pakistan

Why Trump cut millions in military aid to Pakistan (Alex Ward)- September 4, 2018 Read more here.

Stimson in the News
Sameer Lalwani Quoted on U.S. Military Aid to Pakistan

Pentagon Cancels Aid to Pakistan Over Record on Militants (Phil Stewart, Idrees Ali)- September 1, 2018 Read more here.

Stimson in the News
Sameer Lalwani Quoted on U.S.-Pakistan Relations

Pakistan’s Khan talks of U.S. ties, but anti-American rhetoric has many wary (Idrees Ali)- July 27, 2018 Read more here. 

Stimson in the News
Sameer Lalwani Quoted on Pakistan’s New Prime Minister

‘Kaptaan’ Khan’s slog from sports icon to Pakistan’s likely new leader (Idrees Ali and Kay Johnson)- July 26, 2018 Read more here. 

Commentary
After Elections, Debt Crisis Looms in Pakistan

By Sameer Lalwani   Pakistan’s national election campaign has ended, and voters are headed to the polls today. With the incumbent PML-N party hobbled by numerous criminal cases, electoral disqualifications, and arrests, and with its…

Commentary
One Year After They Almost Went to War, Can China and India Get Along?

By Sameer Lalwani   While Sino-Indian friction will continue, relations have improved from last year’s low, and a border standoff seems unlikely for three reasons: learning, national self-interest, and drifting U.S.-India relations. First, it is p…

Stimson in the News
Sameer Lalwani Quoted on India-China Economic Fusion

  Read more here.

Commentary
Investigating Subcontinental Crises

In this article for Pakistan Politico, Sameer Lalwani and Hannah Haegeland review their edited volume, Investigating Crises: South Asia’s Lessons, Evolving Dynamics, and Trajectories, which is freely available at crises.www.stimson.org. Nearl…

Stimson in the News
Sameer Lalwani Quoted on Modi China Trip

  Read the full article here

Stimson in the News
Sameer Lalwani Quoted on Pakistan Arms Purchase from China

  Read the full article here

Commentary
A Political Choice: What Sparks an India-Pakistan Crisis?

This piece for The Hindu is based on a full chapter study by the authors in Investigating Crises: South Asia’s Lessons, Evolving Dynamics, and Trajectories freely available at: www.InvestigatingCrises.org. The “surgical operati…

Stimson in the News
Sameer Lalwani Quoted on China in Afghanistan

Read article here.

Commentary
Navigating the Maldivian Crisis

By Sameer Lalwani   The Maldives constitutional crisis has again thrust China’s encroachment into India’s neighbourhood into the spotlight. Maldives President Abdulla Yameen declared a 15-day state of emergency after the Maldives Supreme Cour…

Stimson in the News
Sameer Lalwani Interviewed on Cutting Aid to Pakistan

Watch the interview here (8:00).

Book
Investigating Crises: South Asia’s Lessons, Evolving Dynamics, and Trajectories

South Asia remains one of the most crisis-prone regions in the world with some of the highest levels of contested borders, militarized interstate disputes, and terrorist attacks. India and Pakistan’s continued expansion of their fissile material stockp…

Commentary
The Risk of a Nuclear-Tinged South Asian Crisis Is Rising

By Sameer Lalwani and Hannah Haegeland   The latest U.S. spat with Pakistan, initiated by President Donald Trump’s inaugural tweet of 2018, suggests that the recently revamped U.S. South Asia strategy may already be in jeopardy. The Sout…

Stimson in the News
Sameer Lalwani Quoted on Trump Hardening anti-U.S. Sentiment

Read article here.

Stimson in the News
Sameer Lalwani Quoted on U.S. Action on Pakistan

Read article here.

Commentary
Take Small Steps to Advance the US-India Relationship

By Sameer Lalwani and Liv Dowling   A region normally peripheral to U.S. foreign-policy debates received considerable attention in the new National Security Strategy, which contains eight mentions of U.S. objectives in the…

Stimson in the News
Sameer Lalwani and Liv Dowling Op-Ed on U.S. India Relationship

  Read the article here. 

Stimson in the News
Could The India-Pakistan Conflict Go Nuclear? Stimson Expert Sameer Lalwani Explains

Sameer Lalwani, Co-Director of the South AsiapProgram at the Stimson Center, was featured on Newsy. The piece introduces viewers to the history and current state of the India-Pakistan conflict. Watch the piece here. 

Stimson in the News
Sameer Lalwani Interviewed on History of Indian-Pakistan Conflict

  Read the full article here. 

Commentary
Closing the Taliban Doha Office Will Harm U.S. Aims in Afghanistan

By Sameer Lalwani and Stephen Tankel   Despite the past week of violence that rocked Afghanistan, including a wave of major Taliban attacks on Afghan security forces, the Trump administration appears to still be holding th…

Stimson in the News
Sameer Lalwani Op-Ed on the Taliban

Read the article here. 

Stimson in the News
Sameer Lalwani on Trump’s strategy in Afghanistan

Sameer Lalwani featured on Cato Institute’s Power Problems on Trump’s strategy in Afghanistan. Listen to the podcast here. 

Stimson in the News
Sameer Lalwani quoted on China-India Doklam Border Dispute

“Heads of state from China and India met on the sidelines of an event Tuesday. Chinese President Xi Jinping talked with Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi for the first time after their widely unexpected 73-day military standoff ov…

Commentary
Southern Asia’s Escalating Strategic Competition

Editor’s Note: Welcome to the first installment of “Southern (Dis)Comfort,” a new series from War on the Rocks and the Stimson Center. The series seeks to unpack the dynamics of intensifying competition—military, economic, diplomatic—in Southern Asia,…

Stimson in the News
Sameer Lalwani Quoted on Proposed U.S. Cuts to Aid to Pakistan

Secretary of State Rex Tillerson warned Tuesday afternoon that U.S. funding for Pakistan could be cut if the government doesn’t cooperate with the president’s strategy in Afghanistan. Click here to read the full article.

Stimson in the News
Sameer Lalwani Quoted on Trump Administration’s Policy Toward Afghanistan

BAGHDAD (Reuters) – U.S. Defense Secretary James Mattis said on Tuesday he was waiting for a plan from the chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff that follows President Donald Trump’s South Asia strategy before he makes a decision on how many additional…

Commentary
Field Notes — The Kashmir Valley

The Kashmir Valley has been in the midst of an insurgency since 1990. Stimson expert Sameer Lalwani traveled to Srinagar — the capital of the Indian-administered state of Jammu and Kashmir — to see firsthand the challenges that threaten this volatile r…

Stimson in the News
Sameer Lalwani and Travis Wheeler’s Op-ed in War on the Rocks on Strategic Competition in South Asia

Editor’s Note: Welcome to the first installment of “Southern (Dis)Comfort,” a new series from War on the Rocks and the Stimson Center. The series seeks to unpack the dynamics of intensifying competition—military, economic, diplomatic—in Southern Asia,…

Commentary
How Long Can China and India Avoid War in the Himalayas?

A remote corner of the Himalayas has become the unlikely scene of a major power standoff between China and India. Now entering its seventh week, the standoff centers on the tri-junction border shared by China, India, and Bhutan referred to as Doklam in…

Stimson in the News
Sameer Lalwani, Yun Sun, and Liv Dowling’s Op-ed in Foreign Policy on the India-China Standoff

A remote corner of the Himalayas has become the unlikely scene of a major power standoff between China and India. Now entering its seventh week, the standoff centers on the tri-junction border shared by China, India, and Bhutan referred to as Doklam in…

Stimson in the News
Signs of a Thaw in India, China Border Dispute

After six weeks, tensions remain high in the Dolam Plateau (within the Doklam area), a contested border area nestled between India, China, and Bhutan. China’s road building project on a disputed portion of its border with Bhutan presents a strategic th…

Stimson in the News
Sameer Lalwani’s Op-ed in The Cipher Brief on the India China Border Dispute

After six weeks, tensions remain high in the Dolam Plateau (within the Doklam area), a contested border area nestled between India, China, and Bhutan. China’s road building project on a disputed portion of its border with Bhutan presents a strategic th…

Stimson in the News
Sameer Lalwani Interviewed on VOA on Counter-terrorism in Pakistan

View the intrerview here. Segement begins at 7:17

Stimson in the News
South Asia’s Evolving Strategic Doctrines Event Cited in the National Interest

With the world’s attention firmly fixated on North Korea, the greatest possibility of nuclear war is in fact on the other side of Asia. That place is what could be called the nuclear triangle of Pakistan, India and China. Although Chinese and Indian fo…

Stimson in the News
Sameer Lalwani Quoted in India Today on China-Pakistan Ties

Nawaz Sharif isn’t much of an orator. He rarely gives one-on-one interviews, and when he does, he has usually got an aide or two hanging around, whispering the appropriate response in his ear for a tough one, even handing him a scribbled note to read o…

Stimson in the News
Sameer Lalwani quoted in NBC News on potential naval base in Pakistan

LONDON — Nuclear-armed Pakistan is a key ally of the United States — but the relationship is far from untroubled. And one of Washington’s main geopolitical rivals appears ready to step in. -snip- Pakistan’s role in China’s global trade plans means…

Stimson in the News
Sameer Lalwani Interviewed on RFE/RL on US Strategy in Afghanistan

With the Taliban’s violence in Afghanistan rapidly escalating, there is still no clarity on what strategy the United States is likely to adopt to prevent the situation from reaching a tipping point. A lengthy U.S. government interagency review has repo…

Stimson in the News
Sameer Lalwani Quoted in the Hindustan Times on India and the Paris Climate Accords

President Donald Trump on Thursday announced he was withdrawing the United States from the historic Paris Accord, saying it was bad for his country and its economy but kept the door open for a “new transaction” on terms that are fair to the US. -snip-…

Commentary
Four Ways Forward in Afghanistan: What the United States Could Do With More Troops

After a five-month-long interagency review process, senior officials have recommended that U.S. President Donald Trump send several thousand more troops to Afghanistan. The request is in line with proposals from General Jo…

Stimson in the News
Sameer Lalwani’s Op-ed in Foreign Affairs on US strategy in Afghanistan

After a five-month-long interagency review process, senior officials have recommended that U.S. President Donald Trump send several thousand more troops to Afghanistan. The request is in line with proposals from General Jo…

Commentary
Don’t Fear Pakistan’s Participation in China’s ‘New Silk Road’

Almost 30 heads of state will gather in Beijing this weekend for the “Belt and Road” Forum, the annual conference about the Chinese mega-project to build highways and railroads to the farthest parts of the Eurasian land mass. By some measures…

Stimson in the News
Sameer Lalwani and Hannah Haegeland’s Op-ed in Defense One on Pakistan’s Participation in China’s ‘New Silk Road’

Almost 30 heads of state will gather in Beijing this weekend for the “Belt and Road” Forum, the annual conference about the Chinese mega-project to build highways and railroads to the farthest parts of the Eurasian land mass. By some measures…

Commentary
Why a Political Settlement in Afghanistan Will Benefit Indo-US Relations

The continuation of the conflict in Afghanistan weakens US leverage over Pakistan, partly due to a continued dependence on Pakistan for air and ground lines of communication into Afghanistan. US national security advisor Lieutenant General H.R. McMaste…

Stimson in the News
Sameer Lalwani and Travis Wheeler’s Op-Ed in The Wire on Afghanistan

US national security advisor Lieutenant General H.R. McMaster travels to Delhi this weekend (after stops in Kabul and Islamabad) to parley with Prime Minister Narendra Modi and senior Indian officials amidst a major review of Americ…

Stimson in the News
Sameer Lalwani Quoted in the Times of India on Kulbhushan Jadhav’s Execution

WASHINGTON: Top US experts have expressed concern over Pakistan’s decision to give death penalty to Indian national Kulbhushan Jadhavas they warned that Islamabad wants to send a “strong message” to India against isolating it on the world stage. -…

Commentary
The Debate Over Indian Nuclear Strategy is Heating Up

Most debates on South Asian security strategy tend to not attract much attention amongst U.S. policymakers except during the occasional crisis. Warnings about arms racing, belligerence, and nuclear risks between India and Pakistan have become so common…

Stimson in the News
Interview with Sameer Lalwani on Developments in Kashmir

Interview by Ankit Panda of The Diplomat Magazine The Kashmir Valley, ever a sore point situated between India, Pakistan, and China, saw a resurgence of instability over the last year, following the death of a local militant leader. Burhan Wani’s…

Stimson in the News
Sameer Lalwani and Hannah Haegeland’s Op-Ed in War on the Rocks on Indian Nuclear Strategy

Most debates on South Asian security strategy tend to not attract much attention amongst U.S. policymakers except during the occasional crisis. Warnings about arms racing, belligerence, and nuclear risks between India and Pakistan have become so common…

Stimson in the News
Sameer Lalwani quoted in The Wire on India’s Nuclear Doctrine

Washington: If India fears imminent use of nuclear weapons by Pakistan, will it go first, upending its doctrine of ‘no first use’, and conduct a comprehensive first strike, taking out Pakistan’s nuclear arsenal? -snip- Sameer Lalwani, deputy direc…

Commentary
Ambling Blindly Back into the Mountains: 5 Hard Questions for the Next Phase of Afghanistan

Gen. John Nicholson, who commands the American-led international military force in Afghanistan, recently made headlines when he called for “a few thousand” more troops and a deeper American commitment to the fight in Afghanistan in testimony before the…

Stimson in the News
Sameer Lalwani’s Op-Ed in War on the Rocks on Afghanistan

Gen. John Nicholson, who commands the American-led international military force in Afghanistan, recently made headlines when he called for “a few thousand” more troops and a deeper American commitment to the fight in Afghanistan in testimony before the…

Stimson in the News
Sameer Lalwani quoted in The Hindu on US-India Relations

“We… are issuing a new decree to be heard… in every foreign capital… From this day forward, it’s going to be only America first, America first,” said Donald Trump, moments after taking oath as the 45th President of the United States. Since then several…

Commentary
On Indian Republic Day, Remember Kashmir

On the 26th of January, as India celebrates its 68th Republic Day, tensions are once again brewing in the Kashmir Valley and the stage is set for renewed clashes between the government, separatists, and militants. The separatist party Hurriyat has call…

Stimson in the News
Sameer Lalwani quoted in Dawn on US-Pakistan Relations

US President-elect Donald Trump should develop clearer US policies to ease strains between nuclear-armed Pakistan and India, senior analysts said at a discussion at the US Institute of Peace (USIP). -snip- Speaking on the ties between the US and Pakist…

Stimson in the News
Sameer Lalwani quoted in U.S. News & World Reports on women in leadership

If Hillary Clinton wins the U.S. presidential election on Tuesday, the U.S. will join the roughly 50 percent of countries worldwide that have had a woman as the top national leader. At least 79 countries have had an elected or appointed head of state o…

Commentary
Encouraging Signs, Continuing Dangers

India and Pakistan have experienced numerous militarized engagements and three wars over the disputed territory of Kashmir. Of particular note is that India’s and Pakistan’s nuclear status has not resolved the security challenges of Kashmir; in fact, i…

Stimson in the News
Sameer Lalwani op-ed in The Cipher Brief on dispute over Kashmir

India and Pakistan have experienced numerous militarized engagements and three wars over the disputed territory of Kashmir. Of particular note is that India’s and Pakistan’s nuclear status has not resolved the security challenges of Kashmir; in fact, i…

Stimson in the News
Sameer Lalwani interviewed in The Friday Times on India-Pakistan relations

Has India achieved what it wanted with a ‘surgical strike’ and was Pakistan’s response the best possible it could muster? The Friday Times spoke to Sameer Lalwani, the deputy director for Stimson’s South Asia program about these developments….

Stimson in the News
Sameer Lalwani quoted in Press Trust of India on Pakistan-India Relations

WASHINGTON: Pakistan cannot take India’s policy of strategic restraint for granted for too long and if Islamabad rejects Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s offer of cooperation, it will become part of a case for making the country a “pariah nation”, a US d…

Commentary
The Case for Restraint in India: Why the Conventional Wisdom is Wrong

By Sameer Lalwani: After last week’s terrorist attack on an Indian military base in Uri, Kashmir, which resulted in the deaths of 18 soldiers, a debate over how to respond has ripped through India’s strategic community. For the time being, the Indian P…

Stimson in the News
Sameer Lalwani op-ed in Foreign Affairs on India’s option to exercise restraint

After last week’s terrorist attack on an Indian military base in Uri, Kashmir, which resulted in the deaths of 18 soldiers, a debate over how to respond has ripped through India’s strategic community. For the time being, the Indian Prime Minister appea…

Stimson in the News
Sameer Lalwani and Travis Wheeler op-ed in War on the Rocks on MIRVs

Some 18 years ago, India and Pakistan conducted successive nuclear tests, joining China as Southern Asia’s three overt nuclear powers and transforming the region into a nuclear trilemma. Both India and Pakistan have developed their arsenals at a measur…

Commentary
The Second Coming of MIRVs: The Future of Strategic Arms Competition

Some 18 years ago, India and Pakistan conducted successive nuclear tests, joining China as Southern Asia’s three overt nuclear powers and transforming the region into a nuclear trilemma. Both India and Pakistan have developed their arsenals at a measur…

Stimson in the News
Michael Krepon and Sameer Lalwani Op-ed in Dawn on Why Pakistanis and Indians Need to Learn about the Bomb

It’s hard to learn about the Bomb in the media. Other issues have a higher call on public attention and press coverage, like counter-terrorism in Pakistan and China’s rise in India. Journal articles in publications devoted to security topics reflect ot…

Stimson in the News
Sameer Lalwani and Michael Krepon Op-Ed in The Wire on Stimson Nuclear South Asia Online Course

It’s hard to learn about the Bomb in the media. Other issues have a higher call on public attention and press coverage, like counter-terrorism in Pakistan and China’s rise in India. Journal articles in publications devoted to security topics reflect ot…

Commentary
Why Rising Unrest in the Kashmir Valley Matters for the United States

A week ago, Indian armed forces killed Burhan Wani, the infamous 21 year-old commander of the Kashmiri militant separatist group Hizbul Mujahideen (HM). Burhan had joined Hizbul Mujahideen at the age of 15, helped resurrect the once dominant insurgent…

Stimson in the News
Michael Krepon and Sameer Lalwani Op-Ed in Kashmir Images on Stimson Open Online Course

It’s hard to learn about the Bomb in the media. Other issues have a higher call on public attention and press coverage, like counterterrorism in Pakistan and China’s rise in India. Journal articles in publications devoted to security topics reflect oth…

Stimson in the News
Sameer Lalwani and Shane Mason op-ed in The Wire on India’s Bid to Join the NSG

India’s bid to join the Nuclear Suppliers Group (NSG) – a 48-country cartel that controls nuclear exports – failed this past Friday during the group’s plenary session. Despite a well-publicised diplomatic full-court press by Prime Minister Narendra Mod…

Commentary
India Needs to Understand the Causes of its NSG Embarrassment

Whatever narrative India internalises will have interesting implications for Indian foreign policy – and by extension the Asian security order – for years to come. India’s bid to join the Nuclear Suppliers Group (NSG) – a 48-country cartel that control…

Stimson in the News
The Subcontinental Podcast with Stephen Cohen

The Subcontinental is a South Asian Voices (SAV) podcast on strategic issues in South Asia. SAV is an online magazine featuring rising South Asian analysts. It aims to foster free-flowing, critical debate on South Asia’s securi…

Commentary
Killing the Emir

By Sameer Lalwani:  Last Friday, following another uninspiring meeting of the Quadrilateral Coordination Group, Pakistan issued a statement that more needed to be done militarily to deny Taliban military gains and bring the group back to…

Op-Ed
Sameer Lalwani op-ed in War on the Rocks on the United States, Pakistan, and Drone Strikes on the Taliban

Last Friday, following another uninspiring meeting of the Quadrilateral Coordination Group, Pakistan issued a statement that more needed to be done militarily to deny Taliban military gains and bring the group back to the negotiating table. T…

Stimson in the News
Sameer Lalwani’s Op-ed in Dawn on Options in Afghanistan

RECENTLY the top UN representative in Kabul grimly remarked that in 2016, success for Afghanistan would be measured in binary terms: whether it survived or not. Afghan security forces are routinely approaching collapse. Annual fatalities of Afghan civi…

Commentary
Options in Afghanistan

RECENTLY the top UN representative in Kabul grimly remarked that in 2016, success for Afghanistan would be measured in binary terms: whether it survived or not. Afghan security forces are routinely approaching collapse. Annual fatalities of Afghan civi…

Stimson in the News
Sameer Lalwani Quoted in La Razon on Safety of Christians in Pakistan

-snip- «Mientras las insurgencias están bajo presión o colapsándose, pueden escalar su violencia para estar en boga al perpetrar ataques más arriesgados y espectaculares», asevera Sameer Lalwani, experto en Pakistán del Stimson Center. «Jamaat ul Ahrar…

Commentary
“Democracy That Delivers” Podcast: Sameer Lalwani on Security Issues in South Asia

In an appearance on the Center for International Private Enterprise’s “Democracy That Delivers” podcast, Deputy Director of Stimson’s South Asia Program Sameer Lalwani discusses how counterinsurgency and state-building efforts…

Stimson in the News
Sameer Lalwani’s Op-ed in War on the Rocks on Pakistan and Saudi Arabia

The dramatic escalation of the Saudi–Iran rift in early January has triggered renewed speculation that Pakistan will be forced to pick sides and join its longtime Saudi ally to militarily balance Iran. As much as some might welcome, even hope for this…

Commentary
Will Pakistan Draw Closer to Sauda Arabia to Balance Iran?

The dramatic escalation of the Saudi–Iran rift in early January has triggered renewed speculation that Pakistan will be forced to pick sides and join its longtime Saudi ally to militarily balance Iran. As much as some might welcome, even hope for this…

Commentary
Valley of the Brawls

By Sameer Lalwani: Today’s Kashmir Valley looks worryingly similar to the Kashmir of the 1980s, just before the region erupted into a bloody insurgency that threatened the stability of the Indo-Pakistani border. Yet in recent years, internati…

Stimson in the News
Sameer Lalwani’s Op-Ed In Foreign Policy On Pakistan’s War On Terror

During the separate visits of the Pakistani Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif and Chief of Army Staff General Raheel Sharif to Washington in recent months, observers dismissed the prospect of meaningful changes in Pakistan’s security policies or in…

Commentary
Actually, Pakistan Is Winning Its War On Terror

During the separate visits of Pakistan’s prime minister, Nawaz Sharif, and its chief of army staff, Gen. Raheel Sharif, to Washington in recent months, observers dismissed the prospect of meaningful changes in the country’s security policies…

Stimson in the News
Sameer Lalwani’s Op-Ed In DNA India On “A Normal Nuclear Pakistan” Report

In June, the current US administration endorsed the idea to”integrate Pakistaninto the international nonproliferation regime.” In step with this goal, two Washington think tanks — the Stimson Center and the Carnegie Endowment — released the report…

Commentary
Mainstreaming Nuclear Pakistan

In June, the current US administration endorsed the idea to”integrate Pakistan into the international nonproliferation regime.” In step with this goal, two Washington think tanks – the Stimson Center and the Carnegie Endowment – released the…

Stimson in the News
Sameer Lalwani’s Op-ed in Hindustan Times on Pakistan and India

After effectively “scuppering” the much-anticipated meeting between the Indian and Pakistani national security advisers in late August, observers noted that the Narendra Modi government had “abandoned” comprehensive talks for circumscribed dialogue. A…

Commentary
Danger Zone: Posturing Against Pakistan Can Be Costly For India

After effectively “scuppering” the much-anticipated meeting between the Indian and Pakistani national security advisers in late August, observers noted that the Narendra Modi government had “abandoned” comprehensive talks for circumscribed dialogue. A…

Commentary
Sameer Lalwani Joins Stimson’s South Asia Program

The Stimson Center announced today the appointment of Sameer Lalwani as Deputy Director for Stimson’s South Asia program. Sameer’s research will focus on crisis management, nuclear security, and national security decision making in South Asia…

Commentary
Pakistan’s Shocking Strategic Shift

Pakistan is often characterized as a belligerent, unyielding, and destabilizing force in international affairs. But despite longstanding and widespread negative perceptions [4], Pakistani behavior and strategic culture is changing for the bet…

Commentary
Stirred But Not Shaken: Sri Lanka’s Rebalancing Act

Shortly after President Maithripala Sirisena’s surprise victory in Sri Lanka’s January Presidential election, the new leader suspended one of the largest Chinese-led infrastructure investments in the country—the $1.5 billion Colombo Port City—and caugh…

Commentary
China’s Port To Nowhere

Sri Lanka’s Galle Face Green, an iconic beach park in the capital of Colombo, has turned into a construction battleground as countries all over the world vie for influence over this gateway to the Indian Ocean. The Hong Kong–based Shangri-La and the In…

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