Technology & Trade
Commentary

US military assistance to Thailand

in Program

By Rachel Stohl, Shannon Dick, and Axelle Klincke:

The United States is reviewing the entirety of its military assistance to Thailand in response to the May 22 coup, in which the Thai military suspended the constitution and took control of the government. Less than 36 hours after the coup, The United States suspended $3.5 million in Foreign Military Financing (FMF) and International Military Education and Training (IMET) funds. The United States is now undertaking a review of additional assistance programs to ensure that any US military assistance supports democratic governance and other US foreign policy and national security objectives, while also assisting Thailand’s strategic capabilities in the region.

This is the second time in eight years that the United States has withheld military assistance to Thailand due to the overthrow of a democratically elected government. In 2006, the United States suspended over $29 million in military assistance for a year-and-a-half after a military coup that deposed then-Prime Minister Thaksin Shinawatra. In announcing the current military assistance review, Secretary of State John Kerry stated “there is no justification for this military coup.”

Under Section 508 of the Foreign Assistance Act, the United States is prohibited from continuing to provide military assistance to any country whose elected leader is deposed from power by a coup d’état. Thailand has been a significant recipient of US military assistance in East Asia, and one of the United States’ oldest allies in the region. The country is also a Major Non-NATO Ally and is therefore eligible for a number of benefits that facilitate the rapid provision of military assistance. 

Thailand’s coup poses yet another test to the updated US conventional arms transfer policy. The United States will face a key tension in determining how much aid to withhold.

The data below represents US military assistance to Thailand from major military assistance programs (International Military Education and Training (IMET), Foreign Military Financing (FMF), Direct Commercial Sales (DCS), Foreign Military Sales (FMS), and Excess Defense Articles (EDA)) since 2005. Thailand also receives other military assistance through a variety of other accounts administered by a number of US government agencies, including the Departments of State, Defense and Combatant Commands.

 

 

Thailand

 Fiscal Year

IMET

FMF

DCS

FMS

EDA

FY 05

$2,526,000

$1,488,000

Authorized (country total): $117,405,873

Agreements: $16,326,000

Deliveries: $91,513,000

0

FY 06

$2,369,000

$1,485,000

Authorized (country total): $94,789,958

Agreements: $74,236,000

Deliveries:

$82,377,000

0

FY 07

0

0

Authorized (country total): $146,419,597

Categories: I, II, III, IV, V, VI, VII, VIII, IX, X, XI, XII, XIII, XIV,

Agreements: $86,823,000

Deliveries: $45,715,000

0

FY 08

$1,202,000

$423,000

Authorized: $226,105,548

Shipped: $74,589,000

Categories: I, III, IV, V, VI, VII, VIII, IX, X, XI, XII, XIII, XIV

Agreements: $52,938,000

Deliveries: $39,548,000

0

FY09

$1,459,000

 

$1,600,000

 Authorized: $199,305,414

Shipped: $36,488,806

Categories: I, II, III, IV, V, VI, VII, VIII, IX, X, XI, XII, XIII, XIV, XV

Agreements: $52,116,000

Deliveries: $47,263,000

0

FY10

$1,517,000

 

$1,600,000

Authorized: $211,917,485

Shipped: $38,391,621

Categories: I, II, III, IV, V, VI, VII, VIII, IX, X, XI, XII, XIII, XIV

Agreements: $141,106,000

Deliveries: $41,568,000

$100,000

(AVIATION SPARES AND REPAIR PARTS (P-3, H-1 &H-60)

FY11

$1,568,000

 

$1,568,000

 Authorized: $353,870,762

Shipped: $60,428,832

Categories: I, II, III, IV, V, VI, VII, VIII, IX, X, XI, XII, XIII, XIV, XV, XXI

Agreements: $252,157,000

Deliveries: $91,249,000

$3,484,556.22

(Demolition Kit (times two), CTG Dynamite, M1, Detonator (x3), Coupling Base, Signal SMK, Signal AN- M45 Series, Signal AN- M44 Series, Signal AN-M43 Series, Signal Illium, AN-M37, CTG 105MM, Primer, MK2A4, CTG 105MM, CTG 40MM, CTG 20MM / M220, CTG 20MM, CTG 50 Call Ball, M8, CTG 50 Cal Ball, Tracer, CTG 22 Cal Ball, CTG 5.56MM Tracer)

FY12

$1,318,000

 

$1,187,000

Authorized: $124,135,957

Shipped: $24,997,501

Categories: I, II, III, IV, V, VI, VII, VIII, IX, X, XI, XII, XIII, XIV, XV, XX

Agreements: $163,849,000

Deliveries: $61,886,000

$6,329,045.40

(Engine trailer for F100 Engine, F-100-PW-220/E Engine, Truck utility M1026A, M1037A0, M1038A0, Truck dump M929A2, M930A2, M998A0 HMMWV)

FY13

$1,319,000

$1,424,000

N/A

N/A

0

FY14 (req)

Estimate: $1,300,000

$988,000

N/A

N/A

N/A

FY 15 (req)

Request: $2,100,000

Request: $900,000

N/A

N/A

N/A

Notes

United States Munitions List Categories:

Category I: Firearms, Close Assault Weapons and Combat Shotguns

Category II: Guns and Armament

Category III: Ammunition/Ordnance

Category IV: Launch Vehicles, Guided Missiles, Ballistic Missiles, Rockets, Torpedoes, Bombs, Mines

Category V: Explosives and Energetic Materials, Propellants

Category VI: Vessels of War and Special Naval Equipment

Category VII: Tanks and Military Vehicles

Category VIII: Aircraft and Associated Equipment

Category IX: Military Training Equipment and Training

Category X: Protective Personnel Equipment and Shelters

Category XI: Military Electronics

Category XII: Fire Control, Range Finder, Optical and Guidance and Control Equipment

Category XIII: Auxiliary Military Equipment

Category XIV: Toxicological Agents, Including Chemical Agents, Biological and Associated Equipment

Category XV: Spacecraft Systems and Associated Equipment

Category X: Submersible Vessels, Oceanographic and Associated Equipment

Category XXI: Miscellaneous Articles

 

Sources:

International Military Education and Training (IMET) and Foreign Military Financing (FMF)

List to access all CBJ FY2002-2008: http://www.state.gov/s/d/rm/rls/cbj/

List to access all CBJ FY2009-2015: http://www.state.gov/f/releases/iab/

CBJ FY2005: http://www.state.gov/documents/organization/28967.pdf

CBJ FY2006: http://www.state.gov/documents/organization/42241.pdf

CBJ FY2007: http://www.state.gov/documents/organization/60643.pdf

CBJ FY2008: http://www.state.gov/documents/organization/80701.pdf ; 2008 Actuals: http://www.state.gov/documents/organization/124295.pdf

CBJ FY2009: http://www.state.gov/documents/organization/101368.pdf

CBJ FY2010 Summary Tables: http://www.state.gov/documents/organization/124295.pdf

CBJ FY2011 Tables: http://www.state.gov/documents/organization/138174.pdf

CBJ FY2012 Tables: http://www.state.gov/documents/organization/158269.pdf

CBJ FY2013 Tables: http://www.state.gov/documents/organization/185016.pdf

CBJ FY2014 Tables: http://www.state.gov/documents/organization/208292.pdf

 

Direct Commercial Sales (DCS): 655 Reports

http://www.pmddtc.state.gov/reports/655_intro.html

Foreign Military Sales (FMS): DSCA Historical Fact Book 2012 http://www.dsca.mil/sites/default/files/historical_facts_book_-_30_sep_2012.pdf

http://www.dsca.mil/sites/default/files/historical_facts_book_-_30_sep_2012.pdf

Excess Defense Articles (EDA): DSCA Database on EDA http://www.dsca.mil/programs/eda

Photo credit: US Department of Defense Current Photos via flickr

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