David O. Smith is a Distinguished Fellow with the South Asia program at the Stimson Center. Smith is an independent consultant to Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory and Science Applications International Corporation on issues related to South Asia and regularly participates in three series of quasi-official (Track 2) engagements with senior Pakistan and India officials sponsored by Livermore, the Naval Postgraduate School in Monterey, California and the Woodrow Wilson International Center in Washington D.C. He retired from government service in May 2012 after serving in a senior executive position in the Defense Intelligence Agency. Prior to that, he was Senior Country Director for Pakistan in the Office of the Under Secretary of Defense (Policy) in the Department of Defense. During thirty-one years of active duty service in the U.S. Army, he spent twenty-two years dealing with politico-military issues in the Near East and South Asia, retiring as a colonel, including six years as the U.S. Army Attaché in Islamabad, Pakistan.