Michael Krepon

Co-Founder and Distinguished Fellow

Michael Krepon co-founded the Stimson Center in 1989. He served as Stimson’s President and CEO until 2000. He was appointed the University of Virginia’s Diplomat Scholar, where he taught from 2001-2010. He is the author and editor of twenty-two books, most recently Off Ramps from Confrontation in Southern Asia and The Lure and Pitfalls of MIRVs: From the First to the Second Nuclear Age.  He worked previously at the Carnegie Endowment, the State Department’s Arms Control and Disarmament Agency during the Carter Administration, and on Capitol Hill. He received the Carnegie Endowment’s award for lifetime achievement in non-governmental work to reduce nuclear dangers in 2015. 

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Stimson in the News
Trump’s Track Record Of Nuclear Deterrence Without Reassurance Is Dangerous by Michael Krepon

The first time President Ronald Reagan announced that “A nuclear war can never be won and must never be fought” was before the Japanese Diet on November 11, 1983. Reagan was sensitive to public concerns over the rocky state of U.S.-Soviet rel…

Stimson in the News
The Canonical Affirmation

The first time President Ronald Reagan announced that “A nuclear war can never be won and must never be fought” was before the Japanese Diet on November 11, 1983. Reagan was sensitive to public concerns over the rocky state of U.S.-Soviet rel…

Stimson in the News
SALT I, Fifty Years On by Michael Krepon

My colleague, the indefatigable and indispensable Daryl Kimball of the Arms Control Association, reminds us that this is the 50th anniversary of the beginning of the SALT I negotiations. These talks produced an Interim Agreement that was riddled with l…

Stimson in the News
Krasnoyarsk: The Antecedent to the INF Treaty Violation? by Michael Krepon

Two former Soviet experts who played key roles in Cold War arms control negotiations, Aleksandr’ G. Savel’yev and Nikolay N. Detinov, wrote an important book giving outsiders insight into the Kremlin’s decision making. The English language version of t…

Stimson in the News
In Memorium: Stephen Philip Cohen by Michael Krepon

Appreciations of a life well lived deserve to be in the present tense. A body fails. A spirit released from human lament leaves this earthly plane. But a person’s good works live on. Family is legacy, and Steve Cohen’s partner in life, Bobby, and their…

Stimson in the News
Norm Building and Tear Downs by Michael Krepon

Dan Caldwell, my good friend, professor nonpareil at Pepperdine, and the co-founder of The Order of the Baby Lenin, has compiled two charts encapsulating presidential achievements from Eisenhower to Obama that established norms related to weapons…

Stimson in the News
Is Trump Going To Kill The Open Skies Treaty? Ukraine Would Lose While Putin Wins by Michael Krepon

The Open Skies Treaty is easy to mock. It was first proposed by President Eisenhower and wasn’t negotiated until Presidents George H.W. Bush and Mikhail Gorbachev. The Treaty allows cooperative overflights by planes carrying unclassified sens…

Stimson in the News
All Roads Lead to Putin by Michael Krepon

House Speaker Nancy Pelosi’s memorable retort to Donald Trump’s October 16th meltdown in the White House — “All roads with you lead to Putin” — ranks up there with Trump’s reference to American “carnage” in his inaugural address. Bo…

Stimson in the News
No Use is Stronger than No First Use by Michael Krepon

I salute Women’s Action for New Directions and Woman’s Legislators Lobby for convening women state legislators to lend impetus to the prevention of mushroom clouds on battlefields. They have assembled under the banner of No First Use. No First Use is c…

Stimson in the News
Impeachment and Arms Control by Michael Krepon

Donald Trump has floated above the din he habitually creates. His cunning is so great that he has been able to move through life absent guardrails and wise council. One of his secrets of success/ extrication is that he creates conditions where punishme…

Stimson in the News
Free Falling, Cont. by Michael Krepon

Lo, the standing of the United States continues to fall. Allies and friends make the United States stronger. Donald Trump treats them as dispensable. As Washington retreats, allies squabble. Witness what’s happening between Japan and South Korea. Presi…

Op-Ed
Raymond Aron by Michael Krepon

Those seeking escape from surface-layered arguments about nuclear weapons and deterrence would do well to seek refuge in the writings of the masters. France’s contributors to the field include Raymond Aron, a resistance fighter for Free French forces d…

Stimson in the News
John Bolton Flames Out by Michael Krepon

There was no other way. John Bolton goes full tilt. He’s a bull in a china shop, and that doesn’t do him justice. He’s all in, all the time. This was his last shot at tearing down the work of others from the inside. No one else could have tapped him to…

Stimson in the News
Les Gelb by Michael Krepon

Les Gelb, who died over the weekend, had a stunning resumé. The Pentagon. Brookings. The State Department. The New York Times. The Council on Foreign Relations. He had a quick, incisive mind and was adept at synthesizing complexity into common sen…

Stimson in the News
India Fuzzes Up No First Use by Michael Krepon

Rajnath Singh has now joined other significant Indian voices, including former Defense Minister Manohar Parrikar and former National Security Adviser (and Ambassador to China and Pakistan) Shivshankar Menon, in purposefully fuzzing up India’s “no first…

Stimson in the News
Michael Krepon cited in article about concerns raised by Russian data shared from radiation monitoring stations in Siberia

MOSCOW (AP) — Russia has resumed sharing data from radiation monitoring stations in Siberia after some were taken offline following a deadly explosion at a missile range, a nuclear weapons watchdog said Tuesday, while an American expert said the fact t…

Stimson in the News
India, Another Exceptional, Illiberal Democracy by Michael Krepon

My idea of India is dated, like me. I mourn its passing.  My idea of India first came into focus in the early 1990s. Eyes-wide-open, I stepped into a strange and foreign country. I embrace how India has changed for the better since then. But not e…

Stimson in the News
Kashmir’s Escalatory Potential by Michael Krepon

I was relatively sanguine after the last spike in tension on the subcontinent in February, marked by a Kashmiri youth aiming a vehicle loaded with RDX against a cordon of Indian patrolmen, followed by the first aerial combat between Pakistan and India…

Stimson in the News
Death of a Treaty by Michael Krepon

The Intermediate-range Nuclear Forces Treaty died last week at age 32. As treaty-years between major powers go, that’s a full lifetime. (Treaty years equal dog years multiplied by two.) The Anti-Ballistic Missile Treaty also lasted for three decades. T…

Stimson in the News
Danger Lies Ahead After Trump And Putin Kill The INF Treaty by Michael Krepon

The Intermediate-range Nuclear Forces Treaty died last week. The cause of death was changing geopolitical circumstances. The INF Treaty was 32. As treaty-years between major powers go, that’s a full lifetime. (Treaty years equal dog years multiplied by…

Stimson in the News
Michael Krepon cited in article about U.S. withdrawal from a landmark arms control treaty (INF) with Russia

Washington DC – The United States on Friday will formally withdraw from a landmark arms control treaty with Russia, claiming it undermines its national security interests. The move means that only one, soon-to-expire, arms control treaty…

Stimson in the News
HENRY KISSINGER’S MIXED RECORD ON NUCLEAR ARMS CONTROL by Michael Krepon

Quote of the week: “What in the name of God is strategic superiority? What is the significance of it politically, militarily, operationally, at these levels of numbers? What do you do with it?” — Henry Kissinger (1974) Henry Kissinger voiced these exas…

Stimson in the News
TAKING AIM AT THE COMPREHENSIVE TEST BAN TREATY by Michael Krepon

At a May 29th conclave held at the Hudson Institute to call attention to the increasingly brutish world in which we live, the head of the Defense Intelligence Agency, Lt. Gen. Robert P. Ashley, Jr., spoke thusly: “Russia’s development of new warhe…

Stimson in the News
Could Trump Trash The Nuclear Test Ban Treaty? by Michael Krepon

Think of what the world would be like if Russia, the United States, China, India and Pakistan were testing nuclear weapons. They are not because of the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty (CTBT) which is responsible for shutting down nuclear testing by…

Stimson in the News
MOTHER NATURE’S TARGET LIST by Michael Krepon

When we wonks think about target lists and we think about the consequences of nuclear weapons’ use, we consult Alex Wellerstein’s teaching tool, NUKEMAP. As a consequence of our abusive behavior to Mother Earth, I’ve begun to think of a diffe…

Stimson in the News
THE WELL READ WONK (CONT.) by Michael Krepon

The “great books” of nuclear arms control were written early. Subsequently, the most influential pieces of writing in our field have usually been found in shorter form. Ten years ago, I compiled a list of articles for the well-read wonk for Foreig…

Op-Ed
What Trump Decision is Likely to Increase Nuclear Dangers the Most?

What damaging decision of the Trump years is most likely to increase nuclear dangers? It’s hard not to dwell in the past, but there’s room for more nominations in the future. Some might be inclined to place Trump’s decision to withdraw from the INF Tre…

Stimson in the News
WILL INDIA AND PAKISTAN BE ABLE TO STEP BACK FROM NUCLEAR DANGER? by Michael Krepon

Dark clouds are gathering. The Trump administration seems headed toward pre-emptive strikes against Iran. This progression began when Donald Trump walked away from the deal struck by President Obama, the European Union, Russia and China freezing advanc…

Stimson in the News
Op-ed by Michael Krepon on Useful Steps to Dampen Confrontation in South Asia

An Opening for Useful Steps to Dampen Confrontation on the Subcontinent? Will India and Pakistan be able to take constructive steps away from periodic crises and confrontation? The smart money bets no, and cynics are usually right. Those who have tried…

Stimson in the News
ROBERT S. MCNAMARA, ARMS CONTROL HERO by Michael Krepon

Robert S. McNamara, a hero? Of arms control? I kid you not. No less a figure than Paul Warnke credited McNamara as being the person who “basically invented strategic nuclear arms control.” He was convinced by scientific expertise not beholden to the mi…

Stimson in the News
THE ESTABLISHMENT, R.I.P., AND NEXT GEN ARMS CONTROL by Michael Krepon

The Establishment that created the United Nations, constructed NATO, and built a global economic system around the almighty dollar did arms control on the side. These extraordinary accomplishments have been recast or are being cast aside without anythi…

Policy Paper
After New Start, What?

***This this a three-part essay originally published in Arms Control Wonk and combined into a single piece*** New Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty One good reason to extend the Obama/Medvedev New Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty for five years is th…

Stimson in the News
THE GOLDEN AGE OF NUCLEAR ARMS CONTROL by Michael Krepon

The thirteen-year period from 1987 to 2000 was the golden age of nuclear arms control. This golden age began when two risk-taking leaders cast off the spell of deterrence orthodoxy to sign the 1987 Intermediate-range Nuclear Forces Treaty. When Ro…

Op-Ed
Heroes of Arms Control

Heroes of Arms Control by Michael Krepon Building something of lasting importance is hard work; tearing it down is comparatively easy. In this troubled time when the nuclear safety net is being shredded, let us briefly pause to give tribute to its mast…

Op-Ed
Norms of Responsible Nuclear Stewardship

Norms of Responsible Nuclear Stewardship “It may be that baseball is, under close analysis, pointless. What seems apparent to me is that close analysis is pointless. The game is there. It is the best game there is. That’s all you need to know.” — Art H…

Stimson in the News
George Kennan on the Bomb

To my mind, the nuclear bomb is the most useless weapon ever invented. It can be employed to no rational purpose. It is not even an effective defense against itself.” — George Kennan George Kennan holds the distinction of being the only person to publi…

Stimson in the News
The Russel-Einstein Manifesto

“Only lack of mutual trust, and not lack of desire for agreement, can stand in the path of an efficient agreement for the prevention of nuclear warfare.” –The Franck Report, June 11, 1945 The “Magna Carta” of the Pugwash movement is the Russell-Einstei…

Stimson in the News
Op-ed by Michael Krepon about the New Age of Nuclear Confrontation

The New Age of Nuclear Confrontation Will Not End Well   The globe’s nuclear safety net is fraying badly. Dangers of nuclear confrontations are growing not only in Europe, with decisions by the presidents of both nuclear superpowers, Donald Trump…

Commentary
The New Age of Nuclear Confrontation Will Not End Well

The globe’s nuclear safety net is fraying badly. Dangers of nuclear confrontations are growing not only in Europe, with decisions by the presidents of both nuclear superpowers, Donald Trump and Vladimir Putin, to withdraw from a treaty banning intermed…

Stimson in the News
India and Pakistan Are Trying Hard To Avoid A Nuclear War. Can They Stumble Into One?

India and Pakistan Are Trying Hard To Avoid A Nuclear War. Can They Stumble Into One? First the obvious bad news: India and Pakistan have dialed up hostilities to the worst level since their 1999 war, when Pakistani troops crossed the Kashmir divide an…

Op-Ed
War Drums on the Subcontinent (again)

War Drums on the Subcontinent (again)  by Michael Krepon Imran Khan has been effectively handcuffed. He inherited a hobbled economy, with fifty-four per cent of budget expenditure tied up in funding his military and paying off debt. As l…

Commentary
The conflict between India and Pakistan is about to get uglier

The sound you are about to hear is India administering a black eye to Pakistan after a string of attacks in Kashmir. You can then expect the Pakistan military to give its “befitting response.” And then what? There are many good reasons for leaders in b…

Stimson in the News
Op-ed by Michael Krepon on the conflict between India and Pakistan

The conflict between India and Pakistan is about to get uglier The sound you are about to hear is India administering a black eye to Pakistan after a string of attacks in Kashmir. You can then expect the Pakistan military to give its “be…

Stimson in the News
THE NUCLEAR FIRST — AND SECOND — USE DILEMMA by Michael Krepon

We are rightly focused on the consequences of having hard-to-imagine destructive force at the voice command and finger-tweeting powers of any single individual. This circumstance is impossibly absurd. We’ve always known this, and now we understand it a…

Stimson in the News
CLEANING UP TRASH by Michael Krepon

Some people go to church, synagogue or mosque. I commune with higher powers by picking up trash. There’s an abundance of it along country roads, thrown out the window by non-locals in transit. The land around the country roads where I live is quite bea…

Stimson in the News
Michael Krepon quoted in article about INF Treaty withdrawal

INF Treaty, a wise withdrawal To hear some critics describe it, the U.S. withdrawal from the INF Treaty is a disaster in the making. “Dangerous, destabilizing and potentially counterproductive,” in the words of John McLaughlin, deputy CIA director from…

Stimson in the News
THE 2019 NUCLEAR THREAT ASSESSMENT FOR SOUTH ASIA by Michael Krepon

Here’s how Director of National Intelligence Daniel Coats summarized the South Asian nuclear competition in the U.S. Intelligence Community’s 2019 Worldwide Threat Assessment: “The continued growth and development of Pakistan and India’s nuclear w…

Stimson in the News
With Trump Set To Exit The INF Treaty, We’re Headed Toward A New Nuclear Arms Race by Michael Krepon

After the failure of last-ditch talks with Russia on Thursday, President Donald Trump will soon give formal notice that the U.S. will “suspend” and in six months withdraw from the 1987 Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces Treaty. This treaty, si…

Stimson in the News
HOW LOW HAS AMERICA FALLEN IN THE TRUMP ADMINISTRATION? by Michael Krepon

After just a few months after Donald Trump took office, U.S. standing abroad took a deep plunge. According to a 2016 Pew Research Center poll, 84 percent of people surveyed in Germany, Britain, France, Canada and Sweden believed the American president…

Stimson in the News
Trump’s Space Wall: Here We Go Again by Michael Krepon

The quest to escape from deterrence is as old as deterrence itself. Donald Trump unveiled the latest chapter of this recurring saga at the Pentagon on Thursday, where he declared, “Our goal is simple: to ensure that we can detect and destroy any m…

Stimson in the News
Exiting Quagmires In Afghanistan And Syria: Consensus Is Broken And Not Fixable by Michael Krepon

Donald Trump wants to withdraw troops from Syria and Afghanistan, to the consternation of those who sent and kept them there. Trump’s announcement has subsequently been amended, clarified and perhaps neutered. Confusion reigns, but one thing is clear:…

Commentary
Nukes, the New Congress, and the Lost Art of Political Compromise

In the past, arms controllers and deterrence boosters compromised on deals that ultimately reduced nuclear dangers. No more. One consequence of the demise of political compromise on Capitol Hill is that existing treaties reducing nuclear arms are threa…

Commentary
Nothing About Trashing the INF Treaty Makes the U.S. Safer

From the strategic and diplomatic realms to the budgetary and tactical levels, Trump’s decision makes no sense. Donald Trump announced at a campaign rally on Saturday that he will walk away from the Intermediate-range Nuclear Forces (INF) Treaty,…

Commentary
Trump, Modi and Imran a love triangle do not make

The Trump administration’s diplomatic strategy toward South Asia, as enumerated in its December 2017 National Security Strategy, places a high priority in seeking “a Pakistan that is not engaged in destabilising behaviour and a stable and self-rel…

Commentary
No Surprise: The Bomb Has Made a Bad Situation Worse in South Asia

After testing nuclear devices in 1998, Indian and Pakistani leaders genuinely believed — or stated for the record, while suspecting otherwise — that bringing bombs out of the basement would help make the region safer and more stable. They assumed, as d…

Stimson in the News
Michael Krepon Op-Ed on U.S. Role in South Asia

  Read more here.

Retrospectives on 20th Anniversary of India and Pakistan’s Nuclear Tests

We are pleased to announce the release of a special video series, “Retrospectives on India and Pakistan’s May 1998 Nuclear Tests,” to mark the 20th anniversary of the subcontinent’s overt nuclearization. This series will begin with interviews with thre…

Stimson in the News
Michael Krepon Op-Ed on Lessons from WWII

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Commentary
On Memorial Day, Remembering Mark Hatfield and Others Who Served

Quote of the week: “People understood that when lives are given on their behalf they have received something precious. Ceremonies are a way to give something precious in return.” — Robin Wall Kimmerer, Braiding Sweetgrass (2013) Editor’s note…

Stimson in the News
Michael Krepon Op-Ed on Open Skies Treaty

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Stimson in the News
Michael Krepon Op-Ed on Objectives of Arms Control

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Stimson in the News
Michael Krepon Op-Ed on Trump’s Hope for Nobel Prize

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Commentary
A Nobel Prize for Brinkmanship?

Quote of the week: “If you want to make peace, you don’t talk to your friends. You talk to your enemies.” — Moshe Dayan A bandwagon is underway urging the selection committee for the Nobel Peace Prize to make Donald Trump its newest Laureate. Some of t…

Stimson in the News
Michael Krepon Op-Ed on an Unprecedented Trump-Kim Meeting

  Read the full article here

Commentary
Trump and Kim Upend Diplomatic Protocol

Quote of the week: “Americans, being a moral people, want their foreign policy to reflect the values we espouse as a nation. But Americans, being a practical people, also want their foreign policy to be effective.” ― George P. Shultz When the ice begin…

Commentary
Inside the CIA’s Secret War in Afghanistan

Steve Coll’s new book picks up where he left off in Ghost Wars, published in 2004. Together, the two volumes are more than a 1,500-page thick opus on futility, confusion, misplaced hopes and serious errors. Despite the resources and commitment that the…

Commentary
The Logic of Nuclear Superiority

Quotes of the week: “You show me a Secretary of Defense who’s planning not to prevail [in a nuclear war] and I’ll show you a Secretary of Defense who ought to be impeached.” — Caspar Weinberger, New York Times, August 24, 1982 “Strategic flex…

Commentary
A Passive U.S. Approach to the Next India-Pakistan Crisis?

Quote of the week: “Escalation is inherent in war both because the desire to win and the need not to lose.” – V.R. Raghavan, “Limited War and Escalation Control,” Nonproliferation Review, 2001. One common thread among the comings and goings of top nati…

Stimson in the News
Michael Krepon Op-Ed on Trump’s Approach to Kashmir

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Stimson in the News
Michael Krepon Op-Ed on U.S. Commitments in Afghanistan

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Commentary
How Donald Trump Could Push Iran and Saudi Arabia to Build Nuclear Weapons

Optimistic and pessimistic arguments about nuclear proliferation were conceptualized decades ago. The best place to find them is in Scott Sagan and Kenneth Waltz’s The Spread of Nuclear Weapons: A Debate. Contrarian optimists like Waltz argued that pro…

Stimson in the News
Michael Krepon Op-Ed on the Changing Calculus of Nuclear Proliferation

  Read the full article here

Commentary
John Bolton

Quotes of the week: “We have only two very unpleasant choices: either Iran gets nuclear weapons in the very near future, or pre-emptive military force, fully justified by well-established principles of self-defense, must break Iran’s control over the n…

Stimson in the News
Michael Krepon Op-Ed on John Bolton

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Commentary
India-Pakistan Friction Heats Up

Quotes of the week: “For Pakistan, the present situation is favorable because at a very minimal cost, it is achieving good dividends in Kashmir. India is profusely bleeding both in terms of war casualties as well as losses of its material resources. It…

Stimson in the News
Michael Krepon Op-Ed on the Violence at Kashmir

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Commentary
Trump and Kim: Shades of Reykjavik

Quotes of the week: “The battle for the mind of Ronald Reagan was like the trench warfare of World War I: never have so many fought so hard for such barren terrain.” — Peggy Noonan “The nation’s strategic interests have been taken for a surrealistic ri…

Commentary
The Belated Consequences of Killing the ABM Treaty

Quote of the week: “There is not much solace in raising the enemy’s requirements if he is still able to meet them.” — Bernard Brodie, Strategy in the Missile Age The hardest sell in the crucial debates over strategic arms control in the 1960s was…

Stimson in the News
Michael Krepon Op-ed on De-escalation

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Commentary
Escalating to De-escalate

Quote of the week: “In light of the certain prospect of retaliation there has been literally no chance at all that any sane political authority, in either the United States or the Soviet Union, would consciously choose to start a nuclear war. This prop…

Commentary
Justice and the Bomb

Quotes of the week: “Come senators, congressmen Please heed the call Don’t stand in the doorway Don’t block up the hall For he that gets hurt Will be he who has stalled There’s a battle outside And it is ragin’.” — Bob Dylan, “The Times They Are A-Chan…

Stimson in the News
Michael Krepon Op-Ed on Nuclear Posturing

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Stimson in the News
Michael Krepon Op-Ed on Accidental Nuclear War

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Commentary
The Chance of Accidental Nuclear War Is Growing

The Trump administration’s nuclear posture statement comes at a particularly rough time, reminiscent of the transition from President Jimmy Carter to Ronald Reagan. Back then, an outgoing president had watched his ambitious arms control agenda fal…

Commentary
Crises between India and Pakistan: The Basics

Quote of the week: “Clearly, five major crises within a twenty-year period indicate a fundamental structural problem… This region has not been stable and peaceful despite the common cultural and geopolitical heritage of its two dominant states.” — Step…

Stimson in the News
Michael Krepon Op-Ed on Trump’s Nuclear Posture

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Stimson in the News
Michael Krepon Op-Ed on the Draft Nuclear Posture Review

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Commentary
The Most Dangerous Word in the Draft Nuclear Posture Review

The arms-control diplomacy passages of the draft Nuclear Posture Review have drawn little attention, likely because little change was expected in this aspect of policy. Nevertheless, words matter here, especially when they seek to establish condit…

Stimson in the News
Michael Krepon Quoted on China’s Space Cleaning Laser

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Stimson in the News
Michael Krepon Op-Ed: Rupture and Betrayal

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Commentary
Rupture and Betrayal: Are Pak-US relations repairable?

Another rupture, another sense of betrayal. US-Pakistan relations have once again reached a low point with the Trump administration’s decision to withhold most funding for military assistance. This announcement has generated even deeper antagonism towa…

Stimson in the News
Michael Krepon Quoted on Rollback of Open Skies Treaty

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Book
Investigating Crises: South Asia’s Lessons, Evolving Dynamics, and Trajectories

South Asia remains one of the most crisis-prone regions in the world with some of the highest levels of contested borders, militarized interstate disputes, and terrorist attacks. India and Pakistan’s continued expansion of their fissile material stockp…

Commentary
Utilizing Article XIV Conferences to Boost the Two Norms that Matter Most

Quote of the week: “The hope of civilization…lies in international arrangements looking, if possible, to the renunciation of the use of the atomic bomb.” — Harry S Truman Testing nuclear weapons and using them in warfare are linked: testing demonstrate…

Stimson in the News
Michael Krepon Year End Assessment Op-Ed

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Commentary
Crisis Management Gets More Complicated between Pakistan and India

Quotes of the week: “The ability to win a local war cannot be translated into the ability to fight it safely and therefore cannot provide a firm foundation for either deterrence or coercion.” — Robert Jervis, The Meaning of the Nuclear Revolution…

Commentary
Fantasyland

Quote of the week: “The easiest thing of all is to deceive oneself; for we believe whatever we believe.” — Demosthenes How did half of my beloved country get swept up by Donald Trump? How did a reality-based Democratic Party with sensible five point pl…

Stimson in the News
Michael Krepon Op-Ed on ‘No First Use’ Policy

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Commentary
No First Use

Quote of the week: “A ‘no first use’ policy would be the end of flexible response and thus of the very credibility of the Western strategy of deterrence.” – Secretary of State Alexander M. Haig, speech at Georgetown University’s Center for Strateg…

Commentary
Rule of Thumb: Don’t Start a War If You Don’t Know Where to Bury the Dead

Quote of the week: “We can contribute much to the peace of the world by stating… in a declaration, either by Congress or by the President that the U.S. will never be the first to use the hydrogen bomb, that we would employ the weapon only if it were us…

Commentary
Explaining What I Do for a Living: Finding Six Words People Can Relate To

Less is more. Clarity and brevity rule. Except when it comes to explaining what I do for a living. Having a job description that fits neatly on a visa application? Not in this lifetime. I’ve always needed paragraphs to explain my work — until now. Perh…

Commentary
Do As I Say, Not As I Do: Demanding Strengthened Inspections in Iran

Quote of the week: “Why, sometimes I’ve believed as many as six impossible things before breakfast.” —Lewis Carroll, Alice in Wonderland (1865) We are now in a sixty-day period in which the Congress can propose strengthening measures for the…

Op-Ed
Michael Krepon Op-Ed on Nuclear Inspections in Iran

Read the full article here. 

Commentary
“One Last Chance” for Pakistan

Quotes of the week: “Pakistan is now hoist on its own petard. Calling off cross-border terrorism in Kashmir would insure that militancy within Pakistan intensifies, while continuing to support cross-border terrorism would alienate Pakistan even further…

Stimson in the News
Michael Krepon Op-Ed on US Diplomacy with Pakistan

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Commentary
Act 1: The Iran Deal Begins to Unravel

Quote of the Week: “Dear Mr. Fantasy play us a tune Something to make us all happy Do anything, take us out of this gloom Sing a song, play guitar, make it snappy” —Stevie Winwood Another wave of leaked accounts has washed through the media about Donal…

Stimson in the News
Michael Krepon Op-Ed on De-certifying Iran Deal

Read the article here. 

Commentary
Stale Thinking on Tac Nukes Reheated

Quote of the week: “Neither a viable posture nor a viable doctrine exist … for the employment of tactical nuclear weapons.” —William R. Van Cleave and S.T. Cohen, Tactical Nuclear Weapons (1978) As the confrontation with North Korea builds, t…

Stimson in the News
Michael Krepon op-ed on Tactical Nukes

Read the full article here. 

The Folly of Tactical Nuclear Weapons

Amid the threats of Armageddon being hurled by Donald Trump and Kim Jong Un, there is much discussion of tactical nuclear weapons — in South Korea, where there is growing sentiment for their return, and in the United States, where there is growing…

Commentary
A Genocidal Threat from the Rostrum of the United Nations

Donald Trump keeps topping himself: His latest threat – to “totally destroy” a country of 25 million people – marks the first time (at least in my memory) that a genocidal threat was vocalized from the rostrum of the United Nations. Perhaps this was a…

Commentary
Pyrrhic Victories and Draws

Quote of the week: “What history will remember is not the ideals we were fighting for, but the methods we used to accomplish them.” — Hans Bethe In “Lonesome Day,” Bruce Springsteen offered this hopeful lyric: Hell’s brewing, dark sun’s on the rise Thi…

Stimson in the News
Michael Krepon Op-Ed on North Korea

Alas, the Bard from the Jersey shore underestimated the impulse after 9/11 to seek safety through punishment. A little revenge in Afghanistan wasn’t satisfying or meaningful enough. Then there was the viper in Iraq to dispense with. A collision course…

Commentary
Proliferation in the Age of Uncertainty

Quote of the week: “It is clear that the use of such a weapon cannot be justified on any ethical ground which gives a human being a certain individuality and dignity, even if he happens to be a resident in an enemy country.” — Enrico Fermi and I.I. Rab…

Op-Ed
Michael Krepon Op-Ed on Proliferation During Uncertain Times

Almost every important indicator of geopolitical power is in flux, except for economic indicators. U.S.-Russia relations are unmoored. The direction of U.S.-China relations is uncertain. America’s relations with allies are sliding downhill. The global…

Commentary
Off Ramps

Nuclear competition among China, India, and Pakistan is accelerating with the introduction of new developments in strategic technology, including ballistic and cruise missiles, multiple warhead missiles, and missile defenses. The crisis between India a…

Commentary
Parallel Crises

Quote of the week: “Of course I got lawyers. They are like nuclear weapons. I’ve got ‘em because everybody else does. But as soon as you use them, they screw everything up.” —Danny DeVito Crises are usually singular events, but on rare occasions they c…

Stimson in the News
Michael Krepon Op-ed on Tensions between Pakistan, India, and China

The nuclear crisis between the US and North Korea could result in war, by choice or miscalculation. If Donald Trump truly means what he says – that he will not accept a relationship of mutual deterrence with Kim Jong-un – then a US war of choice might…

Commentary
Modern Man Is Obsolete

Quote of the week: “It is such a supreme folly to believe that nuclear weapons are deadly only if they’re used. The fact that they exist at all, their presence in our lives, will wreak more havoc than we can begin to fathom. Nuclear weapons pervade our…

Commentary
Is Space Warfare’s Final Frontier?

It’s one thing to prepare for the eventuality of warfare in space. It’s another to assert that space warfare is inevitable. Many have predicted this since the launch of Sputnik, and all have been proven wrong—so far. The task before us isn’t just to ac…

Stimson in the News
South Asia’s Evolving Strategic Doctrines Event Cited in the National Interest

With the world’s attention firmly fixated on North Korea, the greatest possibility of nuclear war is in fact on the other side of Asia. That place is what could be called the nuclear triangle of Pakistan, India and China. Although Chinese and Indian fo…

Commentary
Deterrence Stability Is a Hoax. The Delicate Balance of Terror Is, Too.

Quote of the week: “It has in fact become abundantly clear… since the dawn of the nuclear age, that the balance of terror is decidedly not delicate.” —Bernard Brodie, War & Politics Can we hold two contrary notions in our heads at th…

Stimson in the News
Michael Krepon’s op-ed in Arms Control Wonk on the Nuclear Prohibition Treaty

The negotiation by non-nuclear-weapon states of a treaty banning nuclear weapons was followed by the usual refrain, “Now comes the hard part.” Every nuclear arms treaty until this one has reflected no more than what domestic and international politics…

Stimson in the News
Michael Krepon quoted in VOA on Pakistan’s nuclear security

India and Pakistan have fought three wars and have been on the brink of another several times, a worrying prospect given that both have growing stockpiles of nuclear weapons and questions about how secure they are. -snip- “The nukes were safe when thes…

Stimson in the News
Michael Krepon’s op-ed in Arms Control Wonk on US-Pakistan relations

In the hard-edged world of international relations, the pursuit of one’s national interests is called Realpolitik. In U.S.-Pakistan relations, it’s called duplicity and betrayal. Pakistan’s decision makers continue to seek leverage for f…

Commentary
U.S.-Pakistan Relations: Duplicity, Betrayal, or National Interest?

Quote of the week: “I heard the president [Reagan] ask Zia how he would handle the fact that they would be violating their agreement [to ‘prevent within its territory the training, equipping, financing and recruiting of mercenaries from whatever origin…

Stimson in the News
Michael Krepon’s “A Normal Nuclear Pakistan” Cited in The National Interest

Sandwiched between Iran, China, India and Afghanistan, Pakistan lives in a complicated neighborhood with a variety of security issues. One of the nine known states known to have nuclear weapons, Pakistan’s nuclear arsenal and doctrine are continually e…

Stimson in the News
Michael Krepon’s Op-ed in Arms Control Wonk on Nuclear Coercion and Deterrence

How do backers defend their support for spending more a trillion dollars over the next three decades to recapitalize all three legs (and shorter appendages) of the U.S. nuclear triad? By invoking the awesome power of nuclear weapons and the uses they p…

Commentary
Sechser & Fuhrmann: Deterrence Yes; Coercion No

Quote of the week: “How can we suppose that something so monstrously powerful would not, after forty years, compose our identity? The great golem we have made against our enemies is our culture, our bomb culture—its logic, its faith, its vision. … Is i…

Stimson in the News
Michael Krepon’s Op-ed in Arms Control Wonk on US Leadership

When writing about the end of the American Century in this space just five weeks ago, I assumed that the decline of U.S. influence and leadership in the world would be a gradual process. All too soon, I see the error in my analysis: there’s nothing sub…

Commentary
U.S. Leadership on the Rocks

Quote of the week: “He was born with a roaring voice, and it had the trick of inflaming half-wits. His whole career was devoted to raising these half-wits against their betters, that he himself might shine… What animated him from end to end of his grot…

Commentary
Disarmament Diplomacy and the Ban Treaty

Quote of the week: “Our world will be a safer and healthier place when we can admit that every time we make an atomic bomb we corrupt the morals of a host of innocent neutrons below the age of consent.” —W.H. Auden The drafting of a Ban (or Prohibition…

Commentary
What’s the Objective in a Nuclear War?

Quote of the week: “You show me a Secretary of Defense who’s planning not to prevail [in a nuclear war] and I’ll show you a Secretary of Defense who ought to be impeached.” —Caspar Weinberger, New York Times, August 24, 1982 In an influential arti…

Commentary
Enroll in Stimson’s Online Course — Nuclear South Asia: A Guide to India, Pakistan, and the Bomb

By Michael Krepon and Sameer Lalwani We are pleased to announce the release of the complete, inaugural Stimson Open Online Course, Nuclear South Asia: A Guide to India, Pakistan, and the Bomb. This unique course — which provides a certificate of learni…

Commentary
How We Learnt to Stop Worrying and Love the Bomb

Naeem Salik’s Learning to Live with the Bomb: 1998-2016 is a more judicious treatment of hot-button issues than his earlier book, The Genesis of South Asian Nuclear Deterrence: Pakistan’s Perspective, published in 2009. Back then, the au…

Stimson in the News
Michael Krepon’s Op-ed in Arms Control Wonk on the American Century

In an essay published in Life magazine, media impresario Henry Luce declared the 20th Century to be the American Century. That was before Pearl Harbor, in February 1941. Luce was trying to buck up his fellow citizens to meet the challenges ah…

Stimson in the News
Michael Krepon’s Op-ed in Arms Control Wonk on Nuclear Learning

How do decision makers in nuclear-armed states learn about the Bomb? Coming after the first entrants into this exclusive club can have its advantages. There is a wealth of information to draw from on the public record, and nuclear weapon-related practi…

Interactive
South Asia Confidence-Building Measures (CBM) Timeline

Stimson’s South Asia program maintains this timeline chronicling Confidence-Building Measures (CBMs) made in South Asia since 1988, and updates it regularly with new events, agreements, and links to relevant news articles.  201…

Commentary
How to Make the Nuclear Button Safer

As we mark the centenary of the United States’ entry into World War I, I recall the words of a participant in the Versailles Treaty, which ended that conflict. “This isn’t a treaty of peace,” the American diplomat William Bullitt declared. “I can see a…

Commentary
How to Make the Nuclear Button Safer

By Michael Krepon WASHINGTON — As we mark the centenary of the United States’ entry into World War I, I recall the words of a participant in the Versailles Treaty, which ended that conflict. “This isn’t a treaty of peace,” the American diplomat Wi…

Stimson in the News
Michael Krepon’s Op-ed in The New York Times on the Nuclear Button

WASHINGTON — As we mark the centenary of the United States’ entry into World War I, I recall the words of a participant in the Versailles Treaty, which ended that conflict. “This isn’t a treaty of peace,” the American diplomat William Bullitt decl…

Commentary
The Counterforce Compulsion in South Asia

Quotes of the week: “There has been literally no chance at all that any sane political authority… would consciously choose to start a nuclear war. This proposition is true for the past, the present, and the foreseeable future. For sane men on both side…

Stimson in the News
Michael Krepon’s Op-ed in Arms Control Wonk on Counterforce Compulsion in South Asia

Vipin Narang stirred up a tempest at the Carnegie Endowment’s Nukefest by warning that a serious revision of Indian nuclear doctrine may be in the offing – even to the extent of entertaining pre-emptive strikes against Pakistan’s nuclear deterrent. Is…

Commentary
The Ban Movement’s Moment

Quote of the week: “The great tragedies of history often fascinate people with approaching horror. Paralyzed, they cannot make up their minds to do anything but wait. So they wait, and one day the Gorgon devours them. But I should like to convince you…

Stimson in the News
Michael Krepon’s Op-ed in Arms Control Wonk on the Ban Movement

Here’s what I like about the Ban Movement and the confab that has begun at the United Nations to draft a Convention to lend impetus to nuclear abolition. I like that the Ban Movement has become an entryway for new commitment and energy to contest the e…

Stimson in the News
Michael Krepon quoted in CNBC on Space Security

U.S. satellites may be vulnerable to attacks that could make our whole way of fighting war riskier, according to experts. “Every major space-faring nation that can track a satellite and launch into outer space has the means to mess up a satellite,” sai…

Stimson in the News
Michael Krepon quoted in International Business Times on Russia and China’s Space Capabilities

The United States military’s ability to conduct wars around the globe and its intelligence gathering and communication satellites could be open for attacks from other top superpowers like China and Russia, space experts said in a report published Wedne…

Commentary
New Podcast: The Subcontinental with Manpreet Sethi, Sadia Tasleem, and Michael Krepon

Click here to listen to the new episode of The Subcontinental podcast. The Subcontinental is a South Asian Voices (SAV) podcast on strategic issues in South Asia. This episode, hosted by Sameer Lalwani and recorded live at Stimson,…

Commentary
The Ghost Ship Anchored at Foggy Bottom

It would take a consummate diplomat to be the face of the Trump Administration’s foreign policy. Rex Tillerson isn’t a consummate diplomat; he’s a titan of the oil business, learning a new trade. He’s only recently been introduced to the President and…

Stimson in the News
Michael Krepon’s Op-ed in Arms Control Wonk on the State Department

It would take a consummate diplomat to be the face of the Trump Administration’s foreign policy. Rex Tillerson isn’t a consummate diplomat; he’s a titan of the oil business, learning a new trade. He’s only recently been introduced to the President and…

Commentary
Low-Yield Nuclear Weapons (Again)

Quote of the week: “The pattern of the use of atomic weapons was set at Hiroshima. They are weapons of aggression, of surprise, and of terror.” — Bernard Brodie, The Absolute Weapon John Donnelly of CQ Roll Call was the first to write ab…

Stimson in the News
Michael Krepon’s Op-ed in Arms Control Wonk on Low Yield Nuclear Weapons

Quote of the week: “The pattern of the use of atomic weapons was set at Hiroshima. They are weapons of aggression, of surprise, and of terror.” — Bernard Brodie, The Absolute Weapon John Donnelly of CQ Roll Call was the first to write ab…

Isolating Pakistan: Why Washington should avoid bashing Islamabad

Does it make sense for the Trump administration and Congress to try to bludgeon Pakistan into doing Washington’s bidding? What about the ultimate sanction of labelling Pakistan a state sponsor of terrorism? I don’t think so, but my side of the argument…

Commentary
Russia Has Deployed a Treaty-Violating Missile. Here’s What the US Should Do About It

Russia has begun to deploy a nuclear-capable, ground-launched cruise missile, contrary to its obligations under the pivotal 1987 Intermediate Nuclear Forces Treaty, the New York Times has reported. The Kremlin has long groused about this treaty, which…

Stimson in the News
Michael Krepon’s Op-ed in Defense One on Russia Deploying the SSC-8

Russia has begun to deploy a nuclear-capable, ground-launched cruise missile, contrary to its obligations under the pivotal 1987 Intermediate Nuclear Forces Treaty, the New York Times has reported. The Kremlin has long groused about this…

Commentary
Reasons for the Great Unraveling of the Arms Control Enterprise

Quote of the week “The demagogue, though he professes (and fails) to readjust matters in the interests of the majority of the electors, yet stereotypes mediocrity, organizes intolerance, disparages exhibitions of uncommon qualities, and glorifies consp…

Stimson in the News
Michael Krepon’s Op-ed in Arms Control Wonk on International Order

William Bullitt accompanied President Woodrow Wilson and Colonel Edward House to Paris to negotiate an ambitious peace treaty after the carnage of World War I. Reflecting on the handiwork of vengeful allies in the Versailles Treaty, Bullitt prophetical…

Stimson in the News
Michael Krepon quoted in Kashmir Watch on Kashmir

India and Pakistan have had more than 150 official rounds of talks in the last seven decades to discuss conflicts and differences between them.  -snip- In an article in Foreign Affairs entitled “Rising Tensions in Kashmir: A Growing Nuclear Danger…

Commentary
One Nuclear Step to Settle an Unsettled Age

William Bullitt accompanied President Woodrow Wilson to Paris to negotiate an ambitious peace treaty after the carnage of World War I. Reflecting on the handiwork of vengeful allies in the Versailles Treaty, Bullitt prophetically declared, “This isn’t…

Op-Ed
Tear-Down Mode

Republican insurgents in the Congress are now in full tear-down mode, aiming their wrecking balls at what’s left of seven decades of bipartisan achievement to reduce nuclear dangers and nuclear arsenals. The disruptors are now ascendant in Washington,…

Commentary
How To Strengthen Alliances On President Trump’s Watch

By Michael Krepon Editor’s note: This analysis is part of 2017 Presidential Inbox — an ongoing Stimson Center series examining the major global challenges and opportunities the Trump administration faces during its first 100 days in office. Click…

Commentary
A Simple, Unthreatening Way to Shore Up NATO

America’s Asian allies have been unnerved by President Donald Trump’s dismissive rhetoric about alliances based on cost/benefit grounds, and his decision to dump the Trans-Pacific Partnership trade agreement. That’s part of the reason Defense Secr…

Stimson in the News
Michael Krepon’s Op-ed in Arms Control Wonk on NATO

Secretary of Defense James Mattis travelled to Asia to calm nerves in Tokyo and Seoul. America’s Asian allies have been unnerved by President Donald Trump’s dismissive rhetoric about alliances based on cost/benefit grounds, and his decision to dump the…

Stimson in the News
Michael Krepon’s Op-ed in Breaking Defense on Alliances Under Trump’s Presidency

America’s Asian allies have been unnerved by President Donald Trump’s dismissive rhetoric about alliances based on cost/benefit grounds, and his decision to dump the Trans-Pacific Partnership trade agreement. That’s part of the reason Defense Secr…

Commentary
No Peace and No War in South Asia?

George Perkovich and Toby Dalton have assessed the possibilities of conflict between India and Pakistan in a timely book, Not War, Not Peace? Motivating Pakistan to Prevent Cross-Border Terrorism (Oxford, 2016). Their bottom line is reflected…

Commentary
The Second Coming of MIRVs

By Michael Krepon and Travis Wheeler Pakistan’s first flight test of the Ababeel missile was accompanied by a military press release advertising its ability to carry multiple independently targetable re-entry vehicles, or MIRVs. Technical exp…

Commentary
A Time Out for New NSG Membership

The changing of the guard from the Obama to the Trump Administration might be a good time to pause and reflect on India’s efforts to gain entry into the Nuclear Suppliers Group. President Barack Obama promised Prime Minister Narendra Modi to help secur…

Stimson in the News
Michael Krepon quoted in Anniston Star on Space Security

It’s the first day of a war between the world’s largest military powers. -snip- “If the Chinese want to go to war in space, I think what you’re talking about in the end is World War III,” Michael Krepon, co-founder of the Stimson Center, a D.C. think t…

Commentary
Rising Tensions in Kashmir

U.S. President-elect Donald Trump will inherit rising nuclear dangers in five regions of the globe. Every one of them could get worse under his watch. Even before taking office, he has challenged Russia with a nuclear arms race it cannot win, while pro…

Stimson in the News
Michael Krepon’s Op-ed in Foreign Affairs on Tensions in Kashmir

U.S. President-elect Donald Trump will inherit rising nuclear dangers in five regions of the globe. Every one of them could get worse under his watch. Even before taking office, he has challenged Russia with a nuclear arms race it cannot win,…

Commentary
Taking Stock

The advent of a New Year and a new administration are as good a time as any for taking stock. Decades of hard work to reduce nuclear dangers are at risk. The most consequential but least heralded achievement of the Cold War – the role of diplomacy in r…

Commentary
Year End Blues

The year ends on many somber notes – the election of Donald Trump, his modus operandi and appointments to senior positions, the push on Capitol Hill to expand national missile defenses and to once again explore space-based systems, and the deaths of To…

Stimson in the News
Michael Krepon’s Op-ed in Dawn on Pakistan-China Relations

ONE of Pakistan’s greatest diplomatic achievements during the Cold War was to simultaneously enjoy strong ties with the United States and China. With the end of the Cold War and the retreat of Soviet forces from Afghanistan, this triangular relationshi…

Stimson in the News
Stimson’s A Normal Nuclear Pakistan report cited in Indo Asian News Service article

India is aware of reports of Pakistan’s nuclear expansion and was taking all steps to safeguard India’s national interest, defence minister Manohar Parrikar said on Friday. -snip- Meanwhile, a paper by renowned American scholars Tom Dalton and Michael…

Commentary
Nuclear Weapons in the 21st Century

Ages ago, I was a Legislative Assistant on Capitol Hill, working for a member of the House Armed Services Committee. The most impressive person who testified before the Committee was Secretary of Defense James Schlesinger. His mind was like a steel tra…

Stimson in the News
Michael Krepon op-ed in Arms Control Wonk on nuclear weapons in the 21st century

Ages ago, I was a Legislative Assistant on Capitol Hill, working for a member of the House Armed Services Committee. The most impressive person who testified before the Committee was Secretary of Defense James Schlesinger. His mind was like a steel tra…

Stimson in the News
Michael Krepon quoted in The Washington Post on weapons treaties

THE BIOLOGICAL and Toxin Weapons Convention, a treaty outlawing the development and production of germ weapons, lacked effective verification and compliance mechanisms from the moment it entered into force in 1975. A series of review conferences h…

Stimson in the News
Michael Krepon op-ed in Arms Control Wonk on Trump and the bomb

Donald Trump’s narrow victory could bring a reprise of President Richard Nixon’s “madman theory” of deterrence – except on steroids. Nixon and Henry Kissinger believed that projecting an image of readiness to use nuclear weapons could provide negotiati…

Stimson in the News
Michael Krepon op-ed in Arms Control Wonk on Trump and the bomb

Donald Trump becomes President when the global nuclear order is wobbly and arms-control agreements are unraveling. Nuclear dangers are growing along three axes – North Korea, U.S.-Russian relations, and the triangular competition among India, Pakistan…

Stimson in the News
Michael Krepon op-ed in Foreign Affairs on Trump and the bomb

When U.S. President-elect Donald Trump takes office in January, he will face a global nuclear order that is increasingly unstable. North Korea, deteriorating U.S.–Russian relations, and the triangular competition among India, Pakistan, and China are al…

Commentary
Trump and the Bomb: U.S. Nuclear Policy Under the Next Administration

When U.S. President-elect Donald Trump takes office in January, he will face a global nuclear order that is increasingly unstable. North Korea, deteriorating U.S.–Russian relations, and the triangular competition among India, Pakistan, and China are al…

Commentary
Donald Trump and South Asia

What can the subcontinent expect from President Donald Trump? Bewilderment, for starters. If the new occupant in the Oval Office is unfamiliar with Russia, China, the workings of NATO, nuclear deterrence, and the impact of trade compacts, do not expect…

Commentary
Cry, the Beloved Country

The United States is so divided that the election of a new President has become a cause of mourning for half the population. To me, Donald Trump’s election feels like Ronald Reagan over Jimmy Carter and George W. Bush over Al Gore — only worse. It’s im…

Stimson in the News
Michael Krepon quoted in India Today on the US election

“Nobody likes a loser. Nobody likes to be bullied. Yet here we stand today, the greatest superpower on earth, and everyone is eating our lunch. That’s not winning. If I ran my business that way, I’d fire myself. America needs to start winning again. To…

Stimson in the News
Michael Krepon quoted in IndraStra on the Nuclear Ban Treaty

The UN General Assembly First Committee Resolution A/C.1/71/L.41 (27 October 2016), which calls for negotiation on a “legally binding instrument to prohibit nuclear weapons leading toward their total elimination”, is amused as a “game-changer” in the g…

Commentary
Bombs, Bans, and Norms

Early drafts of the Nuclear Ban Treaty green-lighted by the UN First Committee seek to prohibit the development, production, testing, acquisition, stockpiling, transfer, deployment, threat of use and use of nuclear weapons. This would be the most ambit…

Stimson in the News
Michael Krepon op-ed in Arms Control Wonk on the practice of banning in the UN

Early drafts of the Nuclear Ban Treaty green-lighted by the UN First Committee seek to prohibit the development, production, testing, acquisition, stockpiling, transfer, deployment, threat of use and use of nuclear weapons. This would be the most ambit…

Stimson in the News
Michael Krepon op-ed in Arms Control Wonk on the global nuclear order

Even after the Iran nuclear agreement, nuclear dangers are growing on four fronts – North Korea; U.S.-Russian relations; India-Pakistan, with China mixed in; and the potential for offshore frictions between the United States and China. Sure, there…

Commentary
The Nuclear Ban Treaty and Our Wobbly Nuclear Order

Even after the Iran nuclear agreement, nuclear dangers are growing on four fronts – North Korea; U.S.-Russian relations; India-Pakistan, with China mixed in; and the potential for offshore frictions between the United States and China. Sure, there…

Stimson in the News
Michael Krepon op-ed in Arms Control Wonk on the US election

Thankfully, a dispiriting election season in the United States is almost over. France and Germany await their ordeals. Democracies have been battered by the Great Recession, triggered by the greed of financial institutions and abetted by weak governmen…

Commentary
Elections, Fear of the Bomb, and the the Great Unraveling

Thankfully, a dispiriting election season in the United States is almost over. France and Germany await their ordeals. Democracies have been battered by the Great Recession, triggered by the greed of financial institutions and abetted by weak governmen…

Stimson in the News
Michael Krepon op-ed in Arms Control Wonk on Pakistan

Note to readers: My recent essay, “Pakistan’s Choice,” met with mixed reviews, at best, from colleagues in Pakistan. I wrote about the growing distance between Pakistani security narratives and narratives that outsiders hold about Pakistan. Patching up…

Stimson in the News
Michael Krepon quoted in Press Trust of India article on Pakistani relations

WASHINGTON: Pakistan has lost the benefit of doubt before the international community due to its support to non-state actors against India, a top American think-tank today warned Islamabad that it will continue to lose traction unless it reverses this…

Stimson in the News
Michael Krepon quoted in Press Trust of India article on Pakistani relations

WASHINGTON: Pakistan has lost the benefit of doubt before the international community due to its support to non-state actors against India, a top American think-tank today warned Islamabad that it will continue to lose traction unle…

Stimson in the News
Michael Krepon op-ed in Arms Control Wonk on Pakistan

Since testing nuclear weapons in 1998, Pakistan has lost while India has gained regional and international standing. Pakistan has also become less confident of its national security as the United States has gravitated toward India and as Pakistan’s own…

Commentary
Pakistan’s Choice

Since testing nuclear weapons in 1998, Pakistan has lost while India has gained regional and international standing. Pakistan has also become less confident of its national security as the United States has gravitated toward India and as Pakistan’s own…

Commentary
The Well-Read Wonk on Democracy & the Bomb

Almost every contemporary issue having to do with nuclear weapons has been considered in earlier debates. Indeed, the earlier the better, since it’s easier for strategic analysts to be prescient when starting from scratch. Hence, my periodic encouragem…

Stimson in the News
Michael Krepon op-ed in Arms Control Wonk on democracy and the nuclear bomb

Almost every contemporary issue having to do with nuclear weapons has been considered in earlier debates. Indeed, the earlier the better, since it’s easier for strategic analysts to be prescient when starting from scratch. Hence, my periodic encouragem…

Stimson in the News
Michael Krepon op-ed in The Dawn Herald on Pakistan’s war narrative

Since testing nuclear weapons in 1998, Pakistan has lost while India has gained international standing. Competing successfully with India’s nuclear weapons programmes was supposed to advance Pakistan’s stature and security, but it has not. Pakistan’s a…

Stimson in the News
Michael Krepon quoted in Hindustan Times on Pakistan’s need for lobbyists

Pakistan has decided to reverse an earlier decision and hire lobbyists once again to help it dig itself out of the deep hole it finds itself in the US, friendless and abandoned as a “duplicitous” ally that cannot be trusted. -snip- In fact, Michael Kre…

Stimson in the News
Stimson’s “Pakistan’s Relations with China, India, and Afghanistan: A Luncheon Conversation with Mushahid Hussain Syed & Shezra Mansab Ali Khan Kharal” event cited in The Times of India

WASHINGTON: Two Pakistani special envoys tasked with drumming up support for its position on the Kashmir issue in the US continued to play hardball on India amid sharp questioning in Washington DC about the country’s unceasing suppo…

Stimson in the News
Michael Krepon quoted in Press Trust of India article on cross-border attacks and Pakistan

Underlining that cross border attacks have greatly “diminished” Pakistan’s international standing, an American think-tank expert today said that as a result of India’s new policy of retaliation Pakistan is in a bind of “its own making”. …

Stimson in the News
Michael Krepon op-ed in Arms Control Wonk on Indian strategic restraint

After the attack on an Indian military post at Uri, Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi delivered a speech about strategic restraint, which I applauded in this space. But I also wrote, “This isn’t over – far from it.” I got that part right. Modi q…

Commentary
Indian Strategic Restraint, Revised

After the attack on an Indian military post at Uri, Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi delivered a speech about strategic restraint, which I applauded in this space. But I also wrote, “This isn’t over – far from it.” I got that part right. Modi q…

Stimson in the News
Michael Krepon op-ed in Arms Control Wonk on PM Modi choosing strategic restraint

Prime Minister Narendra Modi, like his two predecessors, has opted for restraint in the face of provocations by violent extremist groups that have found safe havens within Pakistan. Modi publicly announced – at a political conclave, no less —…

Commentary
Modi Chooses Strategic Restraint

Prime Minister Narendra Modi, like his two predecessors, has opted for restraint in the face of provocations by violent extremist groups that have found safe havens within Pakistan. Modi publicly announced – at a political conclave, no less —…

Commentary
Krepon: UN Comprehensive Nuclear-Test Ban Treaty Resolution ‘Essential’

Stimson Center Co-Founder Michael Krepon released the following statement in light of the United Nations Security Council resolution today that affirmed the principles of the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test Ban Treaty:  “After the George W. Bush admini…

Stimson in the News
Michael Krepon op-ed in Arms Control Wonk on subcontinent crises

The attack on an Indian military encampment at Uri, most probably from well-armed, well-trained cadres of a “proscribed” group based on the Pakistan side of the Kashmir divide, is the costliest since the 2008 Mumbai attacks. This attack was preced…

Stimson in the News
Michael Krepon op-ed in The Wire on India-Pakistan relations

Before the advent of nuclear weapon capabilities on the subcontinent, unresolved grievances over Kashmir resulted in wars. With the bomb’s appearance, unresolved grievances have led to mass casualty terrorism, crises and one limited conventional war. C…

Press Release
Expert Analysis: Confronting Transnational Challenges at UN and Beyond

As President Obama addressed the U.N. General Assembly today for his eighth and final time, experts from the nonpartisan Stimson Center analyze the remarks as well as U.S. and U.N. efforts to confront 21st century transnational threats: Aditi Gorur, Di…

Commentary
The Waiting Game in South Asia

The attack on an Indian military encampment at Uri, most probably from well-armed, well-trained cadres of a “proscribed” group based on the Pakistan side of the Kashmir divide, is the costliest since the 2008 Mumbai attacks. This attack was preced…

Stimson in the News
Stimson’s A Normal Nuclear Pakistan report cited in Agence France-Presse Article

Islamabad (AFP) – Pakistan, estimated to have the world’s fastest-growing nuclear stockpile, could be building a new uranium enrichment complex according to commercial satellite imagery analysed by Western defence experts. The construction of a new sit…

Stimson in the News
Michael Krepon op-ed in Arms Control Wonk on the US and the CTBT

In rapid succession, the Senate Foreign Relations Committee convened its first Hearing on the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty in seventeen years, and Senator Marco Rubio and 32 Republican colleagues made public a letter to President Barack…

Commentary
Senator Rubio and Kim Jong Un Weigh In on the CTBT

In rapid succession, the Senate Foreign Relations Committee convened its first Hearing on the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty in seventeen years, and Senator Marco Rubio and 32 Republican colleagues made public a letter to President Barack…

Stimson in the News
Michael Krepon op-ed in The Hill on Republican national security policy

Sen. Marco Rubio (R-Fla.) and 32 of his colleagues sent a letter to President Barack Obama on Sept. 8 arguing that the United States should no longer adhere to the provisions of the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty, while announci…

Commentary
North Korea’s Latest Nuclear Test Reaffirms Need for a Global Test Ban

By Michael Krepon: North Korea’s latest test clarifies the need for a global ban on nuclear testing. It makes the U.N. Security Council resolution currently being now drafted reaffirming the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty and national testing morat…

Stimson in the News
Michael Krepon op-ed in Arms Control Wonk on the CTBT

The Senate Foreign Relations Committee is turning its attention to the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty for the first time since 1999, when it held the briefest of hearings on the Treaty before fast-forwarding it to the Senate, which rebuked President Bil…

Testimony
Testimony of Michael Krepon on The Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty Before the Senate Foreign Relations Committee

Testimony of Michael Krepon, Co-founder, The Stimson Center The Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty Before the Senate Foreign Relations Committee September 7, 2016 Chairman Corker, Ranking Minority Member Cardin, Members of this Committee: Thank you for invi…

Commentary
The Enduring Value of the CTBT

By Michael Krepon:  The Senate Foreign Relations Committee is turning its attention to the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty for the first time since 1999, when it held the briefest of hearings on the Treaty before fast-forwarding it to the Senate, wh…

Stimson in the News
Michael Krepon cited in Business Standard on US Senate Committee hearing on Pakistan

A powerful US Senate Committee will hold a Congressional hearing this week on the nature of bilateral cooperation with Pakistan on counter-terrorism. -snip- Stephen Rademaker from the Podesta Group and Michael Krepon from the Stimson Center have b…

Stimson in the News
Stimson’s The Lure and Pitfalls of MIRVs: From the First to the Second Nuclear Age book cited in The Wire

Strategic weapons modernisation in South Asia is increasingly becoming a bone of contention between India and Pakistan. With India recently introducing its first squadron of indigenously produced Tejas fighters – combined with its development of a…

Commentary
The Demise of the Republican National Security Establishment

The skirmish between Senator Bob Corker and the Obama Administration over the UN Security Council resolution on the CTBT is yet another reflection of the demise of the internationalist wing of the Republican Party. Donald Trump’s nomination a…

Stimson in the News
Michael Krepon op-ed in Arms Control Wonk on the CTBT and the Republican Party

The skirmish between Senator Bob Corker and the Obama Administration over the UN Security Council resolution on the CTBT is yet another reflection of the demise of the internationalist wing of the Republican Party. Donald Trump’s nomination and his mus…

Stimson in the News
Michael Krepon cited in Forbes on the US and nuclear weapons

Donald Trump has done what most candidates dread doing – bringing nuclear weapons into the public discourse. Of course, he did it accidentally out of basic ignorance, but the issue has now leapt to the forefront of many discussions. As one unidentified…

Stimson in the News
Michael Krepon interviewed with NPR on Obama’s nuclear legacy

In his first term, President Obama pledged to work for nuclear disarmament. But America’s arsenal is still being “modernized” — and he’s approved $11 billion for a so-called “smart” bomb. Is he living up to the promise that got him the Nobel Peace Priz…

Stimson in the News
Michael Krepon op-ed in Arms Control Wonk on Senator Corker and the CTBT

Senator Bob Corker, the Republican Chairman of the Foreign Relations Committee, has taken issue with the Obama Administration’s decision to co-sponsor a UN Security Council Resolution and a companion P-5 statement reaffirming national moratoria against…

Commentary
Senator Corker and the CTBT

Senator Bob Corker, the Republican Chairman of the Foreign Relations Committee, has taken issue with the Obama Administration’s decision to co-sponsor a UN Security Council Resolution and a companion P-5 statement reaffirming national moratoria against…

Commentary
Donald Trump’s Challenge to Nuclear Orthodoxy

The belief system in nuclear deterrence makes the most sense at the most elementary level: nuclear weapons deter use by an adversary for fear of retaliation in kind. Deterrence therefore requires survivable nuclear capabilities. It doesn’t take much by…

Stimson in the News
Michael Krepon quoted in The Wire on the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty

New Delhi: As US President Barack Obama counts down his days in office, efforts to burnish his legacy with a re-look at the nuclear test ban treaty could have implications for India. Both suggestions – adopting a no-first use position in…

Stimson in the News
Michael Krepon op-ed in USA Today on Hiroshima and Nagasaki bombings

Hiroshima gets all the attention, but Nagasaki teaches the more important lesson. The need to destroy Hiroshima will be forever debated, but the counterarguments were unpersuasive to President Harry Truman and Secretary of War Henry Stimson. A wor…

Commentary
The Lesson of Nagasaki

Hiroshima gets all the attention, but Nagasaki teaches the more important lesson. The need to destroy Hiroshima will be forever debated, but the counterarguments were unpersuasive to President Harry Truman and Secretary of War Henry Stimson. A world wa…

Commentary
A UN Security Council Resolution on Nuclear Testing Would Not Bypass the Senate

By Michael Krepon: Will the debate over the Obama administration’s proposed U.N. Security Council resolution reaffirming the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty’s ban on nuclear testing be fact-based or fact-free?   The Wall Street Journal’s editor…

Commentary
Stimson Analysis: Obama to Seek UN Resolution on Nuclear Test Ban

In light of reporting today that President Obama has decided to seek a new United Nations Security Council resolution that would reaffirm objectives of the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty, Stimson Center experts Laicie Heeley and Michael Krepon released…

Stimson in the News
Michael Krepon op-ed in Arms Control Wonk on First Use Posture

  The United States is not going to use nuclear weapons first in a conflict. Allies who believe otherwise are attached to a fiction and a psychological crutch. But these allies have been badly spooked, first by Vladimir Putin and now by Donal…

Commentary
Not Just Yet for No First Use

The United States is not going to use nuclear weapons first in a conflict. Allies who believe otherwise are attached to a fiction and a psychological crutch. But these allies have been badly spooked, first by Vladimir Putin and now by Donald Trump…

Stimson in the News
Michael Krepon cited in CQ Press on Modernizing Nuclear Arsenals

Some experts think the tough, recent Russian rhetoric on nuclear weapons reflects the Putin government’s efforts to regain international respect it believes was lost when the former Soviet Union broke up. “Russia’s goal is to be recognized as a great p…

Stimson in the News
Michael Krepon op-ed in Arms Control Wonk on Nuclear South Asia Open Online Course

The Stimson Center has been hard at work creating a free, open, online course on “Nuclear South Asia.” We’ve designed the course for students, teachers, strategic analysts and interested onlookers. The material is accessible, and it’s offered…

Stimson in the News
Michael Krepon and Sameer Lalwani Op-ed in Dawn on Why Pakistanis and Indians Need to Learn about the Bomb

It’s hard to learn about the Bomb in the media. Other issues have a higher call on public attention and press coverage, like counter-terrorism in Pakistan and China’s rise in India. Journal articles in publications devoted to security topics reflect ot…

Stimson in the News
Michael Krepon op-ed in Dawn on US-Pakistan Relations

MEMBERS of Congress have embarrassed themselves, this time by a joint subcommittee hearing on whether Pakistan is a friend or foe. Framing a congressional hearing in this binary way reflects the sad state of political discourse on Capitol Hill, where c…

Stimson in the News
Sameer Lalwani and Michael Krepon Op-Ed in The Wire on Stimson Nuclear South Asia Online Course

It’s hard to learn about the Bomb in the media. Other issues have a higher call on public attention and press coverage, like counter-terrorism in Pakistan and China’s rise in India. Journal articles in publications devoted to security topics reflect ot…

Commentary
Learning About the Bomb is the Best Way to Reduce Nuclear Dangers

It’s hard to learn about the Bomb in the media. Other issues have a higher call on public attention and press coverage, like counter-terrorism in Pakistan and China’s rise in India. Journal articles in publications devoted to security topics reflect ot…

Commentary
Not Just Yet for No First Use

By Michael Krepon: The United States is not going to use nuclear weapons first in a conflict. Allies who believe otherwise are attached to a fiction and a psychological crutch. But these allies have been badly spooked, first by Vladimir Putin and…

Commentary
Congressional Hearings as Inquisitions

During the 1950s, Senator Joe McCarthy convened hearings to discover Soviet moles in Hollywood, the State Department and the U.S. Army. The Army-McCarthy Hearings led to his downfall. Abusive practices by Committee and Subcommittee chairmen (no women)…

Stimson in the News
Michael Krepon and Sameer Lalwani Op-Ed in Kashmir Images on Stimson Open Online Course

It’s hard to learn about the Bomb in the media. Other issues have a higher call on public attention and press coverage, like counterterrorism in Pakistan and China’s rise in India. Journal articles in publications devoted to security topics reflect oth…

Commentary
Learning about the Bomb

It’s hard to learn about the Bomb in the media. Other issues have a higher call on public attention and press coverage, like counterterrorism in Pakistan and China’s rise in India. Journal articles in publications devoted to security topics reflect oth…

Commentary
Arms Control Wonk Podcast: MIRVs!

Jeffrey Lewis hosted Stimson Co-Founder Michael Krepon on the Arms Control Wonk podcast to discuss The Lure and Pitfalls of MIRVs: From the First to the Second Nuclear Age, a recent Stimson publication on the U.S.-Soviet experience with multi…

Press Release
Stimson Analysis: The Iran Deal, One Year Later

Experts from the nonpartisan Stimson Center released the following statements reflecting on the one-year anniversary of the Iran nuclear deal. The deal, also known as the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA), was reached between the P5+1 and Iran…

Commentary
Kashmir on the Boil

Kashmir is on the boil again. Unrest has been on the rise for months now. The involvement of Pakistan’s Inter-Services Intelligence can be safely assumed, but less than in previous flare-ups, if clashes along the Line of Control dividing Kashmir are us…

Michael Krepon op-ed in Arms Control Wonk on First Use

The Bill Clinton Administration made a questionable call to expand NATO after the Cold War ended. The George W. Bush Administration made matters far worse by expanding NATO up to Russia’s border in the Baltics and pushing club membership further east,…

Commentary
Alliances and No First Use

The Bill Clinton Administration made a questionable call to expand NATO after the Cold War ended. The George W. Bush Administration made matters far worse by expanding NATO up to Russia’s border in the Baltics and pushing club membership further east,…

Stimson in the News
Michael Krepon op-ed in Arms Control Wonk on India’s Bid to Join the NSG

India tried hard to join the Nuclear Suppliers Group with strong backing from the Obama Administration. It was a bridge too far. There was no consensus at the NSG meeting in Seoul to accept India’s candidacy, which was muddied by China’s advancement of…

Stimson in the News
Michael Krepon quoted in Yahoo! News India on Pakistan

Recent developments signal the need for change in Pakistan’s strategic outlook. There is alarm over India’s recent moves in Afghanistan and Iran, two of its neighbours that feel threatened by Pakistan. The Indian PM has gone to the US after the two iss…

Commentary
Club Membership

India tried hard to join the Nuclear Suppliers Group with strong backing from the Obama Administration. It was a bridge too far. There was no consensus at the NSG meeting in Seoul to accept India’s candidacy, which was muddied by China’s advancement of…

Stimson in the News
Michael Krepon quoted in First Post on India, Pakistan and, Nuclear Suppliers Group

Even as Prime Minister Narendra Modi leads India’s last ditch effort to become a member of the elite Nuclear Suppliers Group as time runs out fast in the Seoul plenary session, an equally zealous Pakistani media is leaving no stone unturned t…

Commentary
Diplomatic Posturing

Diplomatic posturing on the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty, the Fissile Material Cutoff Treaty, and new strategic arms reductions waxes as prospects for progress wane. Progress requires lubrication for friction between Russia and the United States, Chin…

Michael Krepon op-ed in Arms Control Wonk on Diplomatic Posturing and Nuclear Ban Treaty

Diplomatic posturing on the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty, the Fissile Material Cutoff Treaty, and new strategic arms reductions waxes as prospects for progress wane. Progress requires lubrication for friction between Russia and the United States, Chin…

Stimson in the News
Michael Krepon quoted on US-Pakistan relations

Washington and Islamabad are in the midst of yet another geopolitical divorce. The US National Security Council’s South Asia man, Peter Lavoy, and the special representative for AfPak, Rick Olson, were in Islamabad last week in an attempt to salvage wh…

Stimson in the News
A Normal Nuclear Pakistan report cited in The Diplomat

Pakistan continues to have a slight edge over its archrival India in the number of nuclear warheads, the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI) revealed in its annual nuclear forces data, which outlines recent trends and developm…

Stimson in the News
The Lure and Pitfalls of MIRVs book cited in War on the Rocks

Yesterday was the 100th anniversary of U.S. Secretary of Defense Robert Strange McNamara’s birth. It is likely tempting to mark this week with a retrospective of contributions to U.S. policy during the Kennedy and Johnson administrations and the V…

Commentary
The Cruel Politics of Arms Limitation

Arms limitation is ridiculously hard to explain and even harder to accomplish. Arms limitation is useful when dealing with bad actors that possess fearsome weapons. If success requires self-limitation as well, the results are often met with derision, s…

Stimson in the News
Michael Krepon quoted in India Today on Pakistan and Nuclear Weapons

The buddy-buddy relations between Prime Minister Narendra Modi and President Barack Obama were evident at the Oval Office on June 7-their seventh meeting in two years. But the ghost of Pakistan hovered in the room like a Betaal, as an Indian offical pu…

Stimson in the News
Michael Krepon op-ed in Arms Control Wonk on the Politics of Arms Limitations

Arms limitation is ridiculously hard to explain and even harder to accomplish. Arms limitation is useful when dealing with bad actors that possess fearsome weapons. If success requires self-limitation as well, the results are often met with derision, s…

Stimson in the News
Michael Krepon quoted in the Economic Times India on India’s NSG bid

US deputy NSA Brian Rhodes endorsed India’s quest for the membership of the Nuclear Suppliers Group on Tuesday even as three top American think-tanks saw strong Chinese determination to stop India from becoming its member.  Ahead of key NSG meet t…

Stimson in the News
Michael Krepon quoted in International Business Times India on India’s NSG bid

Bolstering India’s chance at gaining membership of the elite Nuclear Suppliers Group (NSG), Switzerland has said that it supports India. However, there are still a few roadblocks in front of India as China continues to block India’s bid for being a…

Stimson in the News
Michael Krepon quoted in The Economic Times on India’s NSG bid

In what could be a major support to India’s bid for entry into elite NSG club, Swiss President Johann Schneider-Ammann announced his country’s support to New Delhi’s membership in the 48-member group after holding comprehensive talks with PM Narendra M…

Stimson in the News
Michael Krepon quoted in Business Insider India on India’s NSG bid

India has applied for entry into the elite Nuclear Suppliers Group, and has also got the support of Swiss President Johann Schneider-Ammann, who has announced that his country will extend support to New Delhi’s membership in the 48-member group after h…

Stimson in the News
Michael Krepon quoted in the Hindustan Times on India’s NSG bid

India on Monday gained crucial support from Switzerland for its bid to become a member of the Nuclear Suppliers Group (NSG) days ahead of a key meeting of the 48-member atomic trading club to consider New Delhi’s candidature. -snip- “Pakistan and China…

Stimson in the News
Michael Krepon op-ed in Dawn on US-Pakistan Relations

There are no more illusions in US- Pakistan relations. Pakistan feels bitter about Washington’s embrace of India and the blowback from US counterterrorism policies. Washington feels embittered by Pakistan’s decisions and seeming incapability of changin…

Stimson in the News
Michael Krepon quoted in Asia News International on India, Pakistan, China and the Nuclear Suppliers Group Meeting

India’s biggest hurdle at the upcoming Nuclear Suppliers Group (NSG) Meeting on June 9 will be to overcome China’s two-faced policy of opposing India’s application to join the group on the one hand and on the other violating NSG terms by supplying bann…

Stimson in the News
Michael Krepon, Travis Wheeler, and Shane Mason interviewed in Arms Control Wonk on MIRVs

“MIRV” stands for Multiple Independently-targetable Re-entry Vehicles, the ability to put lots of very accurate nuclear warheads on a single missile.  Michael Krepon watched the US-Soviet arms race dangerously accelerate as both sides deployed lar…

Stimson in the News
The Lure and Pitfalls of MIRVs book cited in The Herald

Michael Krepon – a prominent thinker on South Asia’s strategic issues and co-founder of the Stimson Center, a prestigious think tank in Washington DC – spearheaded research on the technological transition from the first to the second nuclear age in an…

Stimson in the News
Michael Krepon cited in Dawn on MIRVs

Michael Krepon – a prominent thinker on South Asia’s strategic issues and co-founder of the Stimson Center, a prestigious think tank in Washington DC – spearheaded research on the technological transition from the first to the second nuclear age in an…

Stimson in the News
Michael Krepon op-ed in Arms Control Wonk on President Obama’s visit to Hiroshima

What are we to make of President Obama’s visit to Hiroshima? To my ear, President Obama’s speech was oddly unequal to the occasion – and not just because he signaled no new efforts to move in the direction of his aspirational goal of a world…

Commentary
Evaluating the Visit to Hiroshima

What are we to make of President Obama’s visit to Hiroshima? To my ear, President Obama’s speech was oddly unequal to the occasion – and not just because he signaled no new efforts to move in the direction of his aspirational goal of a world without nu…

Stimson in the News
Michael Krepon quoted in NHK on Hiroshima briefing

第2次世界大戦中に原爆を開発した、いわゆる「マンハッタン計画」の最高責任者が原爆の効果を説明するために使った写真が、アメリカのシンクタンクから近く、広島市の原爆資料館に寄贈されることになりました。 Read the full article here.

Press Release
Stimson Center Experts Analyze President Obama’s Hiroshima Speech

Experts from the nonpartisan Stimson Center share their reactions to President Obama’s speech in Hiroshima today. President Obama — accompanied by Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe — become the first sitting U.S. president to visit Hiroshima since Ame…

Commentary
Words Are Not Enough in Hiroshima

By Michael Krepon:  President Barack Obama will deliver reflective thoughts in Hiroshima Friday, May 27, but this occasion deserves more than words; it also requires actions that do justice to the cause of reducing nuclear dangers and nuclear weap…

Stimson in the News
Stimson Center cited in The Huffington Post Japan on President Obama Visit to Hiroshima

アメリカのオバマ大統領が27日、現職として初めて被爆地の広島を訪問する。アメリカでは、広島と長崎への原爆投下が戦争を早く終わらせた「必要な手段だった」と考える意見も強い。小さいころに日本に住み、記者として滞在経験もあるスタンフォード大学アジア太平洋研究所(APARC)のダニエル・スナイダー研究副主幹は、「それでもオバマ大統領は決断した」と語る。アメリカの複雑な思いを聞いた。 Read the full article here. 

Stimson in the News
Michael Krepon quoted in the China.com on Stimson Center Photo Donation to Hiroshima Museum

下周五,美国总统奥巴马将历史性地访问日本广岛,悼念原子弹爆炸遇难者,但表示绝不道歉。这一暧昧态度让日本和美国民众都不满意。而就在此时,一组美军拍摄的日本核爆照片也挑拨着双方的情绪。 Read the full article here. 

Stimson in the News
Michael Krepon quoted in the Agence France-Presse on Stimson Center Photo Donation to Hiroshima Museum

Days after the United States dropped atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki, an Army leader briefed a group of top government officials at the Department of War in Washington. The officer, Major General Leslie Groves, carried with him a bundle of photo…

Michael Krepon op-ed in Dawn on Pakistan and the Nuclear Suppliers Group

PAKISTAN seeks to join the mainstream of the international nuclear order with Beijing’s support. Washington has offered words of qualified encouragement. A June 2015 US-Pakistan joint statement “emphasised the desirability of continued outreach to inte…

Stimson in the News
Michael Krepon quoted in Agence-France Press on Hiroshima Briefing

Days after the United States dropped atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki, an Army leader briefed a group of top government officials at the Department of War in Washington.    -snip- “If you were a cabinet secretary, or one of the few who…

Stimson in the News
Drone Proliferation event and MIRV book launch cited in Defense One

Iraq’s death toll rose past 140 this week after two bombings hit predominantly Shiite neighborhoods around the capital, killing at least 54 and wounding another nearly 100, AP reports: “In an online statement, IS claimed r…

Stimson in the News
Lure and Pitfalls of MIRVs book cited in Economic Times

WASHINGTON: Small increments of stockpile growth and multiple warhead missiles will ratchet up a triangular nuclear competition among China, India and Pakistan , a new book has said while warning that there are no realistic prospects for banning such a…

Stimson in the News
Lure and Pitfalls of MIRVs book cited in Foreign Policy

-snip- More nukes. Beijing’s long-awaited deployment of the DF-5B intercontinental ballistic missile, which can carry several warheads, may kick off a missile race in Asia according to a new report from the Stimson Center. “The good news…

Book
The Lure and Pitfalls of MIRVs: From the First to the Second Nuclear Age

In the second nuclear age, no less than the first, there are no realistic prospects for banning multiple-warhead missiles. China has started to deploy such missiles, and India and Pakistan are likely to cross this threshold as well. The motiv…

Press Release
China’s Deployment of MIRVs Risks Ratcheting Up Nuclear Competition in Asia

The second coming of multiple warhead missiles after the Cold War, this time in Asia, has begun with Beijing’s long-awaited deployments of the DF-5B missile. A new book released today by the nonpartisan Stimson Center, The Lure and Pitfalls of…

Commentary
The Second Coming of MIRVs

If the Pentagon is to be believed, the second coming of MIRVs is upon us, this time in Asia, with China’s deployment of the DF-5B missile. The advent of MIRVs in the first nuclear age was ruinous to prospects for keeping a tight lid on the superpower s…

Commentary
Unilateral or Bilateral Reductions?

The next US president faces lots of questions relating to nuclear weapons and nuclear threat reduction. Here’s one: Should the United States unilaterally reduce strategic forces deemed to be in excess of the Pentagon’s needs, or wait instead for an agr…

Commentary
To Hiroshima (Cont.)

An earlier post called on President Obama to visit Hiroshima when he visits Japan for the G-7 Summit on May 26-27. If he fails to visit, the journey begun with a stirring speech at Prague in April 2009 and the Nobel Peace Prize will end with a dam…

Stimson in the News
Michael Krepon’s Op-ed in Arms Control Wonk on Nuclear Armed States

Doyens of nuclear deterrence strategy during the first nuclear age were convinced that size mattered. The nuclear-armed state with a bigger arsenal, or greater missile throw-weight, or sharper missile accuracy, or more tactical nuclear weapons, or [fil…

Commentary
The Advantage of Being the Weaker, Nuclear-Armed State

Doyens of nuclear deterrence strategy during the first nuclear age were convinced that size mattered. The nuclear-armed state with a bigger arsenal, or greater missile throw-weight, or sharper missile accuracy, or more tactical nuclear weapons, or [fil…

Commentary
To Hiroshima

By Michael Krepon:  Secretary of State John Kerry joins other foreign ministers placing flowers at the cenotaph of the Peace Memorial Park in Hiroshima on Monday. Visits by high-level U.S. officials to Hiroshima are heavily freighted, unlike those…

Commentary
Retrospectives on MIRVing in the First Nuclear Age

Why did the Nixon Administration open the floodgates to MIRVs when it was clear that the Kremlin would follow suit, effectively ruining prospects for serious strategic arms limitation? Domestic politics had something to do with this result, because Pre…

Press Release
Stimson Center Experts Analyze President Obama’s Nuclear Legacy

For Immediate Release: April 4, 2016 Contact: Jim Baird; [email protected]; 202.478.3413 Experts from the nonpartisan Stimson Center analyze President Obama’s nuclear legacy in light of the conclusion of the final Nuclear Security Summit in Washin…

Stimson in the News
Michael Krepon and Joe Kendall’s Op-ed in Breaking Defense on Conventional Forces

At the end of this week, thousands of experts in one of humanity’s most terrible possibilities — nuclear war — will meet here in Washington to discuss how to avoid what they have spent their careers planning to do, in hopes they never wi…

Commentary
Why MIRV?

The Stimson Center will publish a collection of five essays in May titled, The Lure and Pitfalls of MIRVs: From the First to the Second Nuclear Age. Our authors look back at US and Soviet compulsions, and forward to how extensive MIRV programs might be…

Commentary
Pakistan’s F-16s: Finding a Fair Price

A message to Congress: Sell F-16s to Pakistan – at a steep cost. U.S.-Pakistan relations are never stress-free. At issue now is whether the U.S. Congress will allow the sale of F-16 aircraft to Pakistan at subsidized rates, if at all. The issue came to…

Commentary
Let Russia’s Planes Keep Flying Over US, Just Like Ike Wanted

By Michael Krepon:  President Dwight D. Eisenhower had a decision to make after the Soviet Union launched Sputnik. He could accept the Kremlin’s right to traverse space above the United States or resolve to deny this form of intelligence gath…

Commentary
In Defense of the Open Skies Treaty

With the Republican Party in tear-down mode, it’s no surprise that demolition efforts on Capitol Hill have extended to the Open Skies Treaty, which has impeccable Republican lineage. Nor is it a surprise that the demolition crew has gotten an assist fr…

Commentary
New Warhead Designs

With the benefit of hindsight and magical thinking, the Nuclear Enterprise and the Arms Control Enterprise should have struck a deal during the George W. Bush Administration: ratification of the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty in return for production of…

Stimson in the News
Michael Krepon’s Op-ed in Arms Control Wonk on The Coming Backlash

One thing the Nuclear Enterprise and the Arms Control Enterprise have in common is overreach. With every incoming administration, one Enterprise or the other draws up ambitious plans. Hope exceeds circumstance. Overreach invites backlash. Read the full…

Commentary
The Coming Backlash

One thing the Nuclear Enterprise and the Arms Control Enterprise have in common is overreach. With every incoming administration, one Enterprise or the other draws up ambitious plans. Hope exceeds circumstance. Overreach invites backlash. President Geo…

Commentary
Back to Business as Usual in South Asia?

After Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s surprise visit to Lahore, hope was in the air. After eight long years of strained relations, the structure of a composite dialogue was revived. Serious exchanges between the Indian and Pakistani Foreign Secretaries…

Commentary
Defusing the Third Space Race

WASHINGTON, DC – With China, Russia, and the United States fine-tuning anti-satellite (ASAT) warfare capabilities, the third round of competition to “seize the high ground” of space is well underway. This round is distinctive, because it has three cont…

Commentary
The Nuclear Test Ban, Twenty Years Later

Twenty years since completion of the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty negotiations, the Treaty remains in limbo because of its non-entry-into-force provision. States recognized by the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty as having the Bomb didn’t want to shut…

Stimson in the News
Michael Krepon quoted in Politifact on China and Space Security

The 2016 presidential campaign has inspired discussion of plenty of scary foreign-policy scenarios, from ISIS attacks to cyber warfare. But at a Feb. 3 town hall in Manchester, N.H., Republican presidential candidate Marco Rubio offered one we had…

Commentary
What’s Our Central Organizing Principle?

Every successful business, cause or social movement needs a central organizing principle, including the Nuclear Enterprise and the Arms Control Enterprise. Under the cloak of safe-sounding deterrence, the Nuclear Enterprise in the United States and Rus…

Stimson in the News
Michael Krepon’s Op-ed in Arms Control Wonk on Central Organizing Principle

Every successful business, cause or social movement needs a central organizing principle, including the Nuclear Enterprise and the Arms Control Enterprise. Under the cloak of safe-sounding deterrence, the Nuclear Enterprise in the United States and Rus…

Commentary
Arms Racing Redux?

Back in the day — that would be the 1960s, ‘70s and ‘80’s — arms racing was the norm. The “action-reaction” phenomenon ruled. If one superpower unveiled a new weapon system or improved hard-target-kill capabilities, the other superpower was sure t…

Stimson in the News
Michael Krepon’s Op-ed in Arms Control Wonk on the Subcontinent

After Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s whirlwind surprise visit to Lahore on Christmas Day, there was little doubt that spoilers in Pakistan would try to derail improved relations. The operative questions were where, when, and whether the attac…

Commentary
So Far, So Good on the Subcontinent

After Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s whirlwind surprise visit to Lahore on Christmas Day, there was little doubt that spoilers in Pakistan would try to derail improved relations. The operative questions were where, when, and whether the attac…

Stimson in the News
Michael Krepon’s Op-ed in Arms Control Wonk on North Korea’s Nuclear Test

Predictably, the Wall Street Journal’s editorial page has declared, “North Korea’s test shows the continuing failure of arms control.” The Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty has 183 signatories and 164 ratifications. It sets a global norm against testi…

Commentary
Responding to North Korea’s Nuclear Test

Predictably, the Wall Street Journal’s editorial page has declared, “North Korea’s test shows the continuing failure of arms control.” The Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty has 183 signatories and 164 ratifications. It sets a global norm against testing nu…

Stimson in the News
Michael Krepon’s Op-Ed In Arms Control Wonk On Year’s End

A year of mostly bad headlines is almost behind us. ‘Tis the season not to dwell on sorrows, but to remember reasons for gratitude and good cheer. So let us pause to acknowledge those who took steps to reduce nuclear dangers – steps that could yield gr…

Stimson in the News
Michael Krepon’s Op-Ed In Arms Control Wonk On Climate Change

Climate change has displaced nuclear risk reduction as an intense focus of national leaders and activists across the globe. This sense of commitment was reflected in the Paris pact that sets targets to reduce harmful emissions to slow the pace of man-m…

Stimson in the News
Michael Krepon’s Op-Ed In Arms Control Wonk On The Nuclear Taboo

 “I Like Ike” was a campaign slogan for Dwight David Eisenhower’s easy presidential victories in 1952 and 1956. The General who led allied forces to victory in Europe during World War II was a natural to lead the Republican Party to success at the…

Stimson in the News
Michael Krepon’s Op-Ed In Arms Control Wonk On Arms Control And Nuclear Enterprise

The “Arms-Control Enterprise” is taking a beating as the “Nuclear Enterprise” is recapitalized. These trend lines have become starker during the Obama administration’s second term, mirroring the declining fortunes for arms control during President Bill…

Stimson in the News
Michael Krepon’s Op-ed in Arms Control Wonk on the Future of South Asia

Two fundamentally different nuclear futures are conceivable on the subcontinent. One is surprisingly pacific, even without conflict resolution between India and Pakistan. The other is deeply tragic – the worst case of a limited conventional war crossin…

Commentary
Upending the Stalemate between India and Pakistan

Trend lines in the subcontinent are poor and will not improve until there is substantive dialogue between India and Pakistan. Hopes that Prime Minister Narendra Modi would pull a “Nixon goes to China” maneuver with Pakistan have been dashed, at least f…

Stimson in the News
Michael Krepon’s Op-ed in Space News on The Martian

“The Martian” is a box office hit because it fits the tenor of the times. The film is a perfect reflection of the anti-politics-as-usual mood of the U.S. electorate and our craving for genuine heroes. Supporters of presidential candidates Donald Trump…

Commentary
Why is ‘The Martian’ So Popular?

“The Martian” is a box office hit because it fits the tenor of the times. The film is a perfect reflection of the anti-politics-as-usual mood of the U.S. electorate and our craving for genuine heroes. Supporters of presidential candidates Donald Trump…

Stimson in the News
Michael Krepon’s Op-ed in Arms Control Wonk on Humanitarian Consequences

Yes, every kind of weapon, if used against noncombatants, can violate the humanitarian laws of warfare. But nuclear detonations add a whole new scale to this problem. A single mushroom cloud, except under highly particular circumstances, will viol…

Stimson in the News
Michael Krepon quoted in Scientific American Magazine on Space

On January 11, 2007, with no warning, China’s military fired a ballistic missile at one of the country’s weather satellites and blew it to bits. China’s first test of an antisatellite weapon made a mess: tens of thousands of metal shards now litter low…

Commentary
The Bomb, Escalation, and the Humanitarian Pledge

In 1868, the Imperial Cabinet of Russia convened an International Commission to issue a Declaration on the laws of war. In its Preamble, the St. Petersburg Declaration stated, The only legitimate object which states should endeavor to accomplish during…

Stimson in the News
Michael Krepon’s Op-ed in Arms Control Wonk on Decent Intervals

During his first term, President Obama set about to extricate the United States from the wars he inherited from George W. Bush. Not surprisingly, getting out has proved to be harder than getting in. His second term’s agenda has been spent seizing oppor…

Stimson in the News
Michael Krepon’s Op-ed in Arms Control Wonk on Stanislav Petrov

Stanislav Petrov’s story is about to be featured in a new movie, The Man Who Saved the World. This title suggests more than the usual artistic license, but if license weren’t granted when dealing with the Apocalypse, then where would the film industry…

Stimson in the News
Michael Krepon’s Op-ed in Arms Control Wonk on the New Isolationism

The Washington-based Republican Party has reverted to isolationist tendencies that are  harmful to U.S. national security. This variant of isolationism is very different than the kind the Grand Old Party practiced during the years between the Firs…

Stimson in the News
Michael Krepon interviewed on Voice of America regarding “A Normal Nuclear Pakistan” report

Michael Krepon discusses the recent report from The Stimson Center and Carnegie Endowment on Pakistan’s Nuclear Arsena. To watch the interview, click here.

Commentary
Wishful Thinking on Iran

Which camp – pro or con — is most guilty of wishful thinking about the Iran deal? Supporters who argue they have secured verifiable, significant reductions in Iran’s ability to make nuclear weapons? Or opponents who argue that a “better deal” can be ne…

Stimson in the News
Op-ed by Michael Krepon in Defense One on Iran deal

Supporters of the Iran deal argue they have secured verifiable, significant reductions in Iran’s ability to make nuclear weapons. Opponents accuse the deal’s backers of wishful thinking. It’s fatuous, they argue, to think that Tehran is willing to…

Stimson in the News
Stimson’s “A Normal Nuclear Pakistan” report cited in Dawn

THE numbers are staggering. According to a new report by two international think tanks, Pakistan is estimated to possess 120 nuclear warheads. Within the next decade, the report claims, it could have up to 350 nuclear weapons, making Pakistan’s the thi…

Commentary
A Normal Nuclear Pakistan

The Stimson Center and the Carnegie Endowment published a 20,000-wordessay on Pakistan’s nuclear program and diplomatic ambitions last week. My co-author Toby Dalton and I did not write this assessment to cause harm to Pakistan. We support Pakista…

Stimson in the News
Michael Krepon quoted in Tablet Magazine on the Iran deal

Last week, Tablet asked readers and friends what they want to hear from President Obama in his live webcast to the Jewish community on Friday afternoon. We received many responses. -snip- Michael Krepon, co-founder of the Stimson Center …

Stimson in the News
Stimson’s “A Normal Nuclear Pakistan” report cited in Politico

Greetings from the second annual Defense Innovation Days conference here in Rhode Island at the Newport Marriott hotel overlooking the beautiful Narragansett Bay. The big news on Day One of the conference was Frank Kendall’s decision to soften his plan…

Stimson in the News
Michael Krepon quoted in The Washington Post on “A Normal Nuclear Pakistan” report

A new report by two American think tanks asserts that Pakistan may be building 20 nuclear warheads annually and could have the world’s third-largest nuclear stockpile within a decade. The report by the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace and the…

Report
A Normal Nuclear Pakistan

The new report released today “A Normal Nuclear Pakistan” takes a hard look at Pakistan’s nuclear weapon related programs and its ambitions to be viewed as a normal state possessing advanced nuclear technologies. Pakistan’s military leadership in Rawal…

Stimson in the News
Op-ed by Michael Krepon in Dawn on India-Pakistan talks

It’s been almost seven years since the Mumbai attacks — seven years without improved relations between Pakistan and India, and no end in sight. Prime Minister Narendra Modi has at least publicly announced a visit to Pakistan, though, something his pred…

Commentary
Rumi on the Iran Deal

Reading Jalaladdin Rumi is a diversionary summer-vacation tactic to keep at arm’s length Congressional debate over the Iran deal, where arguments that are demonstrably weak are immune from rebuttal. Rumi knew a thing or two about the human condition –…

Stimson in the News
Michael Krepon quoted in Deccan Herald on India-Pakistan talks

The US has said it was “disappointed” that the proposed talks between the National Security Advisors of India and Pakistan has been called off. “We are disappointed the talks will not happen this weekend and encourage India and Pakistan to resume forma…

Stimson in the News
Op-ed by Michael Krepon in Arms Control Wonk on South Asia program

One way to try to have an influence on South Asia’s nuclear future is to mentor rising talent. Thanks to the Stimson Center’s funders — the Carnegie Corporation, the MacArthur Foundation and the NNSA — we do workshops with this cohort, we’re…

Stimson in the News
Op-ed by Michael Krepon in Kashmire Images on Hiroshima and Nagasaki

As numbers-based arms control wanes, norms become even more important. Norms can be clarified in Codes of Conduct or established by customary practice. The most important norm in our field is the non-use of nuclear weapons in combat. Few expected this…

Stimson in the News
Michael Krepon quoted in Outer Places on US, China and Russia in Space

While science fiction fans eagerly await the upcoming new Star Wars movie, a very real war for space may be brewing down here on Earth. Tensions are reaching new heights between America, Russia, and China over threats to satellites in outer space. Chin…

Stimson in the News
Michael Krepon quoted in Scientific America on War in Space

The world’s most worrisome military flashpoint is arguably not in the Strait of Taiwan, the Korean Peninsula, Iran, Israel, Kashmir or Ukraine. In fact, it cannot be located on any map of Earth, even though it is very easy to find. To see it, just look…

Commentary
Seventy Years Without an A-Bombing

As numbers-based arms control wanes, norms become even more important. Norms can be clarified in Codes of Conduct or established by customary practice. The most important norm in our field is the non-use of nuclear weapons in combat. Few expected this…

Stimson in the News
Michael Krepon quoted in Space News on US-China space cooperation

At the end of June, U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry and Chinese State Councilor Yang Jiechi, in the course of the U.S.-China Strategic and Economic Dialogue, agreed to establish “regular bilateral government consultations on civil space cooperation….

Stimson in the News
Michael Krepon quoted in Space News on China, Talk and Cooperation in Space

At the end of June, U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry and Chinese State Councilor Yang Jiechi, in the course of the U.S.-China Strategic and Economic Dialogue, agreed to establish “regular bilateral government consultations on civil space cooperation….

Stimson in the News
Michael Krepon quoted in War is Boring on ‘Project Starfish’ nuclear tests

In 1962, U.S. president John F. Kennedy was in a bind. He was eager to negotiate a nuclear test ban with the Soviet Union. But the Soviets had recently shattered a three-year test moratorium and now Kennedy was under pressure to respond with a display…

Stimson in the News
Op-ed by Michael Krepon in Arms Control Wonk on the International Space Code of Conduct

The European Union’s International Code of Conduct for responsible space-faring nations got mugged on the Lower East Side during the week of August 27th. The crime, which went unreported, occurred at the United Nations. The ringleaders were Russia and…

Stimson in the News
Op-ed by Michael Krepon in The Plain Dealer on Congress & the Iran Agreement

The terms of the Iran deal are settled. Iran will have to reduce its stockpile of enriched uranium by 98 percent and take two-thirds of its centrifuges off-line. It will ship out all spent fuel, which could be used to make plutonium cores for weapons,…

Stimson in the News
Op-ed by Michael Krepon in Arms Control Wonk on Republican support for the Iran nuclear deal

How much has the Republican Party on Capitol Hill lost its equilibrium? Just hear the histrionics about the Iran deal – a deal which has the unanimous support of the UN Security Council and every U.S. ally and friend around the world save one: the Gove…

Stimson in the News
Op-ed by Michael Krepon in the Arms Control Wonk on Congress & the Iran deal

A “free” vote on Capitol Hill is one without negative consequences. Republicans and Democrats can line up with party activists and showboat without risk because they will be unsuccessful. Hard decisions can be sidestepped and political posturing is eas…

Stimson in the News
Michael Krepon interviewed in KCRW on Congress’ Iran vote

Listen to the full interview here. 

Stimson in the News
Op-ed by Michael Krepon & Melanie Campbell in The National Interest

The United Nations Security Council votes on Monday [July 17] on the Iranian nuclear limitation agreement. The timing of this resolution-well before the Congress votes up or down in mid-September- has been met with a wave of indignation on Capitol Hill…

Stimson in the News
Op-ed by Michael Krepon in the LA Times on Congress’ response to the Iran Deal

Congress voted to rid Saddam Hussein of weapons of mass destruction that did not exist. Will it now act to block an agreement that verifiably limits Iran’s all-too-real nuclear capabilities for a decade or more? Nothing would diminish U.S. global leade…

Commentary
Iran Deal: Reading the Fine Print

The text of the nuclear limitation agreement with Iran (AKA “The Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action”) has been released and can be found here [link fixed]. Several key provisions are reprinted below. I’ll post key verification provisions…

Commentary
Monitoring Provisions of the Iran Agreement

This assessment of the core monitoring provisions of the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action is necessarily hurried and preliminary. I invite ACW readers to weigh in with their comments. The text of key provisions follows my first-cut assessment. The ag…

Commentary
Iran: The Punditariat Weighs In

Now that the negotiating endgame for a nuclear limitation agreement with Iran has been extended to July 7th, critics and kibitzers have had an extra seven days to push, prod and excoriate the Obama administration. It’s far easier to criticize an agreem…

Stimson in the News
Michael Krepon Quoted in JK Alternative Viewpoint on India’s Military

Following a raid by Indian special forces into Myanmar early this month, increasing attention has been given to the prospect that India might use similar means against Pakistan to pressure it to end support for anti-Indian militant groups. India’s on-g…

Stimson in the News
Michael Krepon quoted in The National Interest on India’s growing military advantages

Following a raid by Indian special forces into Myanmar early this month, increasing attention has been given to the prospect that India might use similar means against Pakistan to pressure it to end support for anti-Indian militant groups. India’s on-g…

Stimson in the News
Michael Krepon quoted in The Hindu on Iran-US nuclear deal

Just days before a final nuclear deal deadline on June 30, Iranian officials in Tehran – where I was attending a conference – were excited that their moral stance renouncing nuclear weapons capability would now be appreciated. With portraits of the Aya…

Commentary
Arms and Influence

Aspiring Wonks: Time once again to whet your appetite by dipping into a classic text waiting for you online or at the library – one that applies to the P-5+ 1 negotiations with Iran. These passages are from the first chapter of Nobel Laureate Thomas C….

Commentary
“Wobbly” Global Nuclear Order and Iran

Stimson’s Michael Krepon discusses the “wobbly” nature of the global nuclear order and how the Iran negotiations are affecting it. “Any deal struck with Iran is going to have repercussions,” says Krepon. “But the repercussions will also be less if the…

Stimson in the News
Op-ed by Michael Krepon in the Arms Control Wonk on the 2015 RevCon

Five years ago (5/6/10), during the 2010 NPT Review Conference, you can find my blog post on “Egypt, the Spoiler?” After the 2015 RevCon, we can dispense with the question mark. What happened in New York was symptomatic of a broader malaise affecting a…

Stimson in the News
Michael Krepon’s “Prelims on the Subcontinent” Op-ed quoted in The Economic Times

The Indian army’s brief foray this week into Myanmar to hunt militants set alarm bells ringing in far-away Pakistan, Delhi’s arch-rival whom it blames for stoking a rebellion in the disputed region of Kashmir. -snip- “Very bad news often follows when a…

Stimson in the News
Michael Krepon quoted in the Arab Times India-Pakistan tensions

The Indian army’s brief foray this week into Myanmar to hunt militants set alarm bells ringing in far-away Pakistan, Delhi’s arch-rival whom it blames for stoking a rebellion in the disputed region of Kashmir. By suggesting the Myanmar incident could s…

Stimson in the News
Op-ed by Michael Krepon in Arms Control Wonk on India-Pakistan relations

Very bad news often follows when adversaries give up on improved relations. We’re at this juncture now on the Subcontinent. High-ranking Indian and Pakistani officials are lobbing over-heated public recriminations about abetting terrorism in each other…

Commentary
Growing Dangers on the Subcontinent

Very bad news often follows when adversaries give up on improved relations. We’re at this juncture now on the Subcontinent. High-ranking Indian and Pakistani officials are lobbing over-heated public recriminations about abetting terrorism in each other…

Stimson in the News
Op-ed by Michael Krepon in Arms Control Wonk on Nuclear Threats

Tense situations that prompt nuclear threats occur when one (or more) of three conditions exist: when the state issuing threats feels weak in some important respects, when other means of suasion are unsuccessful, and when the stakes involved are except…

Stimson in the News
Article by Michael Krepn in Global Politics & Strategy on Nuclear Deterrence

Stability has been the holy grail of deterrence strategists since the outset of the US–Soviet nuclear-arms competition. This prize has been elusive because nuclear weapons are not stabilising. To access the article click here.

Stimson in the News
Michael Krepon quoted in the The Epoch Times on Stimson Center Photo Donation to Hiroshima Museum

【大纪元2016年05月22日讯】美国总统奥巴马将在G7峰会结束后的5月27日访问曾遭原子弹轰炸的广岛。位于华盛顿DC的美国智库史汀生中心(Stimson Center)5月18日宣布,将把收藏在该中心内的共21张核爆图片捐赠给广岛和平纪念资料馆(Hiroshima Peace Memorial Museum). Read the full article here.

Stimson in the News
Op-ed by Michael Krepon in Arms Control Wonk on “A wobbly Nuclear Order”

The global nuclear order is becoming more dynamic and unsettled. The top tier is contracting, but at a slow pace. Newcomers feature prominently in the second tier, eclipsing the old-timers. And the newest entrants into the nuclear club either have or s…

Commentary
Deterrence Instability in South Asia

The United States wants to pivot to Asia, but the Middle East keeps getting in the way. Likewise, India wants to pivot to China, but Pakistan keeps getting in the way. Pakistan matters to India for two primary, interconnected reasons: its home-grown te…

Stimson in the News
Michael Krepon’s Column In Arms Control Wonk On “Cleansing Rituals”

Another rare interview with our wet and muddy guest contributor, Chauncey Gardiner: To continue reading, click here.

Stimson in the News
Michael Krepon’s Column In Arms Control Wonk On The Iran Deal

The framework agreement reached by the United States and its negotiating partners with Iran is a significant accomplishment, imposing substantial constraints on Tehran’s ability to make nuclear weapons. If it is finalized, only one other executive agre…

Stimson in the News
Michael Krepon’s Column In Arms Control Wonk On The Iran Deal, Critiques And Rebuttals

Critics are trying to have it both ways: The Obama administration’s framework agreement is bad because it fanaticizes improved Iranian behavior. Or the agreement is bad because it won’t change Iranian behavior. Both critiques are wide of the mark. This…

Book
Deterrence Instability & Nuclear Weapons in South Asia

Deterrence between India and Pakistan is becoming less stable with the passage of time and an increase in nuclear weapon capabilities. India and Pakistan have not addressed basic issues in dispute, nor have they agreed to set them aside. Direct trade a…

Commentary
Stimson’s Michael Krepon Receives CEIP Lifetime Achievement Award

Stimson Center Co-Founder Michael Krepon received a lifetime achievement award from the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace today for his work to reduce nuclear dangers. The award was presented at the Endowment’s 2015 International Nuclear Polic…

Commentary
The Iran Deal

The framework agreement reached by the United States and its negotiating partners with Iran is a significant accomplishment, imposing substantial constraints on Tehran’s ability to make nuclear weapons. If it is finalized, only one other executive agre…

Commentary
The Gift of Meaningful Work

On March 24th, the Carnegie Endowment gifted me with the Thérèse Delpech award. In thinking about what to say about this honor, I gravitated toward the twin themes of meaningful work and gift-giving, which is another, less taxing way to think abou…

Press Release
Stimson’s Michael Krepon Receives CEIP Lifetime Achievement Award

For Immediate Release March 24, 2015 Contact: Jim Baird: 202.478.3413, [email protected] (Washington, D.C.) Stimson Center Co-Founder Michael Krepon received a lifetime achievement award from the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace today fo…

Resource
Michael Krepon Receives Thérèse Delpech Memorial Award

The Thérèse Delpech Memorial Award is presented to an individual who has rendered exceptional service to the nongovernmental nuclear policy community. Exceptional service includes major intellectual contributions to critical debates, but it also encomp…

Commentary
Congress and the Iran Agreement

Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu didn’t spell out an effective way to block Iran’s path to the bomb in his address to Congress. If Netanyahu were more candid, he would acknowledge the only way to achieve his aims is through military strikes ra…

Stimson in the News
Michael Krepon’s op-ed in Dawn on nuclear triangles

A SERIOUS nuclear competition between two nuclear-armed rivals is very hard to stabilise. When one rival increases its nuclear capability, the other does, too. Then both rivals feel less secure — even when they possess secure retaliatory capabilities….

Commentary
The Obama Administration is Seeking the Right Deal with Iran

The negotiating end game with Iran is upon us. The Obama administration had no choice but to hold fast to the March 31st deadline, allowing further time only to add detail if an agreed framework can be reached. Restiveness on Capitol Hill is growing an…

Commentary
Discriminate Deterrence

One paradox of nuclear deterrence has always been that whatever utility the Bomb provides is lost once the nuclear threshold is crossed, however large or small the boom. There is no bigger blunderbuss than a nuclear weapon atop a long-range missile. Sm…

Commentary
U.S. National Security Strategy

U.S. National Security Strategy reports, like the one issued by President Barack Obama on February 6th, are quickly forgotten. They do, however, provide useful temperature-taking devices. Compare, for example, the National Security Strategy report…

Commentary
Obama in India; Xi in Pakistan

Trend lines on the subcontinent have become more pronounced after President Obama’s visit as chief guest at the Republic Day parade and reports of Chinese President’s Xi Jinping’s upcoming visit for Republic Day celebrations in Pakistan. The juxtaposit…

Commentary
Nunn-Lugar, R.I.P.

The most important post-Cold War initiative to reduce nuclear dangers undertaken by the United States has come to a quiet, unceremonious end. Cooperative threat reduction programs to secure loose nukes and reduce surplus force structure in the remnants…

Commentary
Reconsidering Deterrence Stability

By Michael Krepon:  What benefits are conferred by nuclear weapons? Do they provide status? Not like in the past. North Korea and Pakistan haven’t gained status by having the Bomb. Instead, they have become more worrisome countries. Do they allevi…

Commentary
The Silent Treatment in South Asia

Secretary of State John Kerry is headed for the subcontinent, where his most important messages will be delivered in private and his public remarks will be as bland as possible. That’s how the game is played. Don’t expect U.S. officials to say much in…

Stimson in the News
Michael Krepon op-ed in Space News on Diplomacy at Warped Speed

The space debris problem continues to grow as diplomats move at a snail’s pace to take remedial steps. Every piece of space debris about the size of a marble is a lethal weapon, traveling with the approximate energy of a one-ton safe dropped from a fiv…

Commentary
Repairing the Diplomatic Threat Reduction Enterprise

The “nuclear enterprise” – as the nuclear weapons complex and force structure in the United States have been successfully rebranded — is bloated and in need of paring. It is also in need of repair. The Pentagon commissioned two high-level studies to c…

Stimson in the News
Michael Krepon cited in Pakistan’s Health And Demography on Arms Control Wonk

A recent trip to Pakistan gave me reasons for hope as well as despair. Pakistan still has what it takes to succeed, as is evident from the vitality of its black economy. But governance will fail without leadership, revenue generation and internal secur…

Commentary
As Modi plans US trip, defence on everyone’s mind

Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s visit to Washington in September will be an occasion for glowing speeches about the future of Indo-US relations. Behind the public effusiveness, however, there will be a mutual sense of strategic reserve. New Delhi p…

Stimson in the News
Michael Krepon’s op-ed on the “myth” of nuclear deterrence stability published in Dawn

Thomas Schelling, one of the founding fathers of nuclear strategy, wrote that the essence of deterrence was the threat that left something to chance. Nuclear threats were supposed to prevent bad outcomes. If deterrence failed, there would be worse outc…

Commentary
The myth of stable nuclear deterrence

Nuclear deterrence was conceptualised in the US even before the Soviet Union produced atomic weapons. Anticipating that the Kremlin would acquire the ‘ultimate’ weapon, brilliant minds devised a strategy to dissuade Moscow from using nuclear weapons in…

Commentary
Stimson and treaty ratification

As Secretary of State, Henry L. Stimson negotiated the 1930 London Naval Treaty, a multilateral agreement that attempted to align a growing competition among the United States, Japan, Great Britain and France in capital ship construction with a diminis…

Commentary
Stimson’s South Asia Programming To Reduce Nuclear Dangers

The Stimson Center first ventured into South Asia in 1992, carrying a toolbox of confidence-building and nuclear risk-reduction measures that helped keep the Cold War from becoming hot.  These measures — including “hotlines,” agreements to preven…

Commentary
Prospects for Reducing Nuclear Dangers

There have been only two Democratic presidents since Franklin Delano Roosevelt who have been elected to serve two full terms. On nuclear issues, Barack Obama seems to be following in the footsteps of Bill Clinton, whose disarmament successes in his fir…

Stimson in the News
Michael Krepon op-ed is published on treatment towards nuclear-armed nation in Dawn

Nuclear weapons raise many questions and provide few answers. Can Pakistan become a normal state possessing nuclear weapons? How can this aspirational goal be translated into reality? And what is the best way to codify ‘nuclear normal’? The George W. B…

Commentary
Waiting For Trouble

Waiting for Trouble The United States and China have no experience and no agreements to avoid or defuse incidents in space or at sea, where both countries are flexing their military capabilities. In contrast, during the Cold War, Washington and Moscow…

Commentary
Waiting for Trouble

The United States and China have no experience and no agreements to avoid or defuse incidents in space or at sea, where both countries are flexing their military capabilities. In contrast, during the Cold War, Washington and Moscow employed many channe…

Press Release
Michael Krepon’s op-ed on cross border nuclear security in South Asia is debated

2012 saw the initiation of a new category of publications entitled the IPCS Debate Series, which invites opposing arguments on issues of note. This particular compilation consists of commentaries by Indian and Pakistani analysts in response to Michael…

Stimson in the News
Michael Krepon’s op-ed on what budget cuts mean to US nuclear weapons is published in Politico

The wages of austerity are coming due for America’s military. On Monday, Secretary of Defense Chuck Hagel announced a major downsizing of the US Army. He wants to retire the A-10 Warthog fleet of ground-support aircraft and the venerable U-2 manned spy…

Commentary
The Threat To America’s Nukes

The wages of austerity are coming due for America’s military. On Monday, Secretary of Defense Chuck Hagel announced a major downsizing of the U.S. Army. He wants to retire the A-10 Warthog fleet of ground-support aircraft and the venerable U-2 manned s…

Stimson in the News
Michael Krepon is quoted in SpaceNews on China’s Potential Threat to US Satellites

Seven years after it tested an anti-satellite weapon on one of its satellites, China’s military poses an increasing threat to US space assets as it develops new counterspace technologies, witnesses warned members of the US House Armed Services Committe…

Commentary
Responding To China’s Counter-Space Capabilities

The challenge of deterring attacks on US space assets and supporting infrastructure is not new. We faced this challenge during the Cold War against a very powerful ideological and geopolitical foe. The United States and the Soviet Union fought through…

Testimony
Krepon HASC Testimony: “Promoting US National and Economic Security Interests in Space”

Chairman Rogers, Ranking Minority Member Cooper, Members of this Subcommittee: Thank you for inviting me to offer my personal views on how best to safeguard US national and economic security interests in space. The challenge of deterring attacks on US…

Commentary
Perils of Punditry

US commentary on nuclear developments in Pakistan and India is usually not well received on the subcontinent. One reason is that cautionary messages sound hypocritical. Pundits from a country that has been guilty of wretched nuclear excess are on thin…

Stimson in the News
Michael Krepon’s op-ed on US remarks about India, Pakistan nuclear developments is published in Dawn

US commentary on nuclear developments in Pakistan and India is usually not well received on the subcontinent. One reason is that cautionary messages sound hypocritical. Pundits from a country that has been guilty of wretched nuclear excess are on thin…

Stimson in the News
Michael Krepon’s op-ed on Pakistan and India’s nuclear diplomacy is published in the Express Tribune

India and Pakistan have travelled a long distance since testing nuclear devices in 1998. Back then, government officials and leading strategic thinkers on the subcontinent expressed confidence that these tests would have stabilising effects. Going publ…

Stimson in the News
Michael Krepon and Julia Thompson’s op-ed on nuclear deterrence in South Asia in published in Dawn

While diplomacy between Pakistan and India dawdles, nuclear capabilities are moving forward at a brisk pace. Since testing nuclear devices in 1998, both countries have flight-tested no fewer than 17 types of missiles that are capable of delivering nucl…

Commentary
While Diplomacy Dawdles

While diplomacy between Pakistan and India dawdles, nuclear capabilities are moving forward at a brisk pace. Since testing nuclear devices in 1998, both countries have flight-tested no fewer than 17 types of missiles that are capable of delivering nucl…

Book
Deterrence Stability and Escalation Control in South Asia

India and Pakistan have developed and flight tested seventeen new nuclear weapon delivery vehicles since testing nuclear devices in 1998 – an average of more than one per year.  Military doctrines have also evolved to emphasize more rapid mobiliza…

Stimson in the News
Michael Krepon’s op-ed is quoted in The Indian Express

Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif has finally “normalised” Pakistan’s relations with the US, after two years of rupture caused by an incident on the Pakistan-Afghanistan border and the killing of Osama bin Laden in the garrison city of Abbottabad. America ha…

Commentary
Afghanistan’s Shadow

PRIME Minister Nawaz Sharif and the civilian advisers accompanying him received the red carpet treatment when they arrived in Washington last week. The prime minister’s state visit – the first in a decade – provided an opportunity to exchange talking p…

Commentary
Stimson Center Experts Analyze Developments in Iran

Stimson Center experts have been sharing their insights and analysis about developments in Iran with policymakers and the public for years.  Here are some recent examples of Stimson commentaries published in newspapers and on websites, along with…

Report
Anti-satellite Weapons, Deterrence and Sino-American Space Relations

The Stimson Center today issued a collection of six essays titled “Anti-satellite Weapons, Deterrence and Sino-American Space Relations,” which provide a range of viewpoints about cooperation between the U.S. and China in space. To download the full re…

Commentary
Stimson Center Essays Examine U.S.-China Space Relations

Op-ed on this report in Defense One: Can the U.S. and China Get Along in Outer Space? The Stimson Center today issued a collection of six essays titled “Anti-satellite Weapons, Deterrence and Sino-American Space Relations,” which provide a range of vie…

Commentary
Poisonous Choices In Syria: The Real Issue Is Iran’s Nuclear Program

Remember President Barack Obama’s first major address abroad? It was in June 2009 at Cairo University, when U.S. ties with the Muslim world were in serious need of repair. If any American leader could help engineer a course correction, it was Barack Hu…

Stimson in the News
Commentary On M. Krepon’s Op-Ed On Ambitious Foreign Policy Is Published In Foreign Policy

This week, the Stimson Center’s Michael Krepon posted a sharp critique of Barack Obama’s foreign policy, accusing his administration of “lack of ambition.” And that was before Obama’s tepid response to the brutal military crackdown in Egypt….

Commentary
Michael Krepon’s op-ed on presidential ambition in foreign policy is published in Politico

Remember when American presidents set out to do big things in the world? That was when denizens of the Oval Office had one powerful attribute: ambition. And that’s exactly what President Barack Obama is lacking today: a desire to shape world events to…

Commentary
Obama’s ambition-free foreign policy

Remember when American presidents set out to do big things in the world? That was when denizens of the Oval Office had one powerful attribute: ambition. And that’s exactly what President Barack Obama is lacking today: a desire to shape world events to…

Stimson in the News
U.S. Space Cooperation With China

Major powers compete and cooperate in space. The more they cooperate in space, the less likely it is that their competition on Earth will result in military confrontation. The reverse is also true.  The United States and the Soviet Union jockeyed…

Commentary
U.S. Space Cooperation with China

Major powers compete and cooperate in space. The more they cooperate in space, the less likely it is that their competition on Earth will result in military confrontation. The reverse is also true.  The United States and the Soviet Union jockeyed…

Stimson in the News
Michael Krepon’s op-ed on presidential vision is published in The Hill

President Obama has the gift of being able to make stirring speeches, most recently in Berlin calling for nuclear arms reductions and action on climate change. Few presidents have this skill. George H.W. Bush bemoaned his lack of “the vision thing.” Ge…

Commentary
The Vision Thing

President Obama has the gift of being able to make stirring speeches, most recently in Berlin calling for nuclear arms reductions and action on climate change. Few presidents have this skill. George H.W. Bush bemoaned his lack of “the vision thing.” Ge…

Commentary
Nuclear Race on the Subcontinent

An Aesopian nuclear competition is under way between Pakistan and India. Pakistan, whose economy and domestic cohesion are steadily worsening, is the hare, racing to devote scarce resources to compete with a country whose economy is nine times as great…

Stimson in the News
Michael Krepon’s op-ed on India/Pakistan nuclear race published in the International Herald Tribune

Michael Krepon’s op-ed on the nuclear race between Pakistan and India was published in the International Herald Tribune, the global edition of the New York Times. Click here to read the complete op-ed.

Commentary
The Battle Within Pakistan

The February 16 bombing in Quetta targeting the Hazara community was the latest in a long, sad, and intensifying series of incidents of sectarian violence. Death tolls within Pakistan were greater in 2012 than the year before and are rising steeply. Ac…

Stimson in the News
Michael Krepon and Julia Thompson publish Op-Ed in Dawn

On February 21, Dawn newspaper published an Op-Ed by Michael Krepon and Julia Thompson on Pakistani civilian deaths from internal violence. To read the full Op-Ed, click here.

Commentary
Presidential Inbox 2013: Cooperate with China on Space

Click here to view the complete Presidential Inbox series. The Challenge: Satellites are crucial for national, economic, and personal security. They permit quick and secure long-distance financial transactions. First responders, disaster reli…

Stimson in the News
Dawn publishes Michael Krepon Op-Ed

On January 1, 2013, Dawn published Michael Krepon’s Op-Ed entitled: “Nuclear weapons competition.” Click here to read the full article.

Report
Michael Krepon on Pakistan’s Nuclear Posture

The Stimson Center is releasing today an essay by Michael Krepon on “Pakistan’s Nuclear Strategy and Deterrence Stability.” Krepon argues that it will be hard to dampen the growth of Pakistan’s considerable and growing nuclear arsenal because few…

Stimson in the News
Michael Krepon publishes op-ed in DAWN on Indian, Pakistan leadership personalities

Michael Krepon published an op-ed in DAWN on how the personality traits of leaders in India and Pakistan have determined the progression of the countries’ affairs and will continue to do so. Click here to read the op-ed.

Press Release
Michael Krepon publishes op-ed in DAWN on Pakistan

Michael Krepon published an opinion-editorial in DAWN regarding the US and Pakistan’s actions toward Afghanistan. Click here to read the op-ed.

Stimson in the News
Michael Krepon publishes op-ed in Dawn

Michael Krepon authored an opinion-editorial in Dawn about US policy on drone strikes in Pakistan on October 25. To read the article, click here.

Commentary
Reclaiming Pakistan

A version of this essay appeared in the October 13th issue of The Tribune. A hyphenated word has hung like a shroud over Pakistan ever since its founding father, Muhammad Ali Jinnah, vocalized what Great Britain produced in its hasty retreat from empir…

Report
The Unfinished Crisis: US Crisis Management After the 2008 Mumbai Attacks

During the limited war between India and Pakistan in the heights above Kargil in 1999, and again after the attack on the Indian Parliament building in 2001 by Pakistani nationals, the United States engaged in intense diplomacy to defuse a severe crisis…

Stimson in the News
Michael Krepon writes op-ed for Washington Post on space pact with China

Michael Krepon authored an opinion-editoral for the Washington Post on a space pact with China. Click here to read the op-ed.

Stimson in the News
Michael Krepon writes op-ed for DAWN on US-India relations

Michael Krepon wrote an opinion-editorial for DAWN on US-India relations and its effect on Pakistan. Click here to read the op-ed.

Issue Brief
Nuclear Risk Reduction Redux in South Asia

Although New Delhi and Islamabad are resuming official talks after the nineteen-month hiatus resulting from the Mumbai attacks, the impulse to promote bilateral nuclear risk-reduction measures (NRRMs) has largely dissipated.  India wants to focus…

Commentary
Bellagio Space Security Workshop Summary

The Stimson Center’s Space Security Project, with grant support from the MacArthur Foundation, the Ploughshares Fund, and the New-Land Foundation, convened a three-day workshop at the Rockefeller Foundation’s Bellagio Conference Center in Ita…

Book
Nuclear Risk Reduction in South Asia

Edited by Michael Krepon Nuclear Risk Reduction in South Asia provides a road map for reducing nuclear dangers on the Subcontinent. The timely essays presented here by Indian, Pakistani and US authors are infused by the Stimson Center’s motto, “Pragmat…

Book
Escalation Control and the Nuclear Option in South Asia

Michael Krepon, Rodney W. Jones, and Ziad Haider, editors–  On November 10, 2004, the Henry L. Stimson Center hosted a formal book release event for Escalation Control and the Nuclear Option in South Asia When nations with deep grievances acquire…

Book
Crisis Prevention, Confidence Building, and Reconciliation in South Asia

Michael Krepon and Amit Sevak, eds. Relations between India and Pakistan are at a low ebb and are likely to get worse. Relations between India and China are improving, but reversals can easily occur. This important and timely volume, the first of its k…

Policy Paper
Conflict Prevention and Confidence-Building Measures in South Asia: The 1990 Crisis

Michael Krepon and Mishi Faruqee, eds. Was there a near-nuclear war between India and Pakistan in 1990? To help set the record straight, the Stimson Center convened a meeting on February 16, 1994 with US officials who could provide authoritative eye wi…

Report
Regional Confidence-Building in 1995: South Asia, the Middle East and Latin America

Jill R. Junnola and Michael Krepon, eds. This collection of essays examines how CBMs have fared in three very different regions- South Asia, the Middle East, and the Southern Cone of Latin America. These regions have implemented specific “tools” from t…

Commentary
Michael Krepon publishes op-ed in Washington Post on Pakistan and Afghanistan

Michael Krepon published an opinion-editorial in the Washington Post about Pakistan’s dealings with Afghanistan. Click here to read the op-ed.

Commentary
Michael Krepon published op-ed in DAWN on Pakistani, Indian confidence building negotations

Michael Krepon recently published an opinion-editioral in DAWN on Pakistan and India’s negotiations on confidence-building and nuclear risk-reduction measures. Click here to read the article.

Commentary
Pakistan’s Tactical Nuclear Weapons

By Michael Krepon – Of all categories of nuclear weapons, those with the shortest ranges have the least military utility and pose the greatest problems relating to security and unauthorized use.  Generally speaking, the smaller the nuclear weapon…

Commentary
Michael Krepon published op-ed in DAWN on Washington’s relationship with South Asia

Michael Krepon published an opinion-editorial in DAWN on Washington’s relationship with India and Pakistan. Click here to read the op-ed.

Commentary
Michael Krepon writes op-ed for DAWN on Pakistan and the FCMT

Michael Krepon published an opinion-editorial in today’s DAWN on Pakistan and the Fissile Material Cutoff Treaty (FMCT). Click here to read the article.

Report
The Unfinished Crisis: US Crisis Management after the 2008 Mumbai Attacks

This case study is the first detailed account of US crisis management after the 2008 Mumbai attacks, one that will no doubt be amplified by future first-person accounts and the release of additional details. We conclude that this crisis is both unresol…

Commentary
Michael Krepon publishes op-ed in Space News on Space Code of Conduct

Michael Krepon authored an opinion-editorial in Space News regarding arguments against the international space Code of Conduct the Obama adminstration now supports. Click here to read the article. Requires log-in and password information.

Commentary
Michael Krepon writes op-ed in DAWN on Pakistan’s relationships with the US, China

Michael Krepon published an op-ed in DAWN on Pakistan’s unstable partnerships with the United States and China. Click here to read the full op-ed.

Commentary
Michael Krepon publishes op-ed in Space News

Michael Krepon’s op-ed, “How Not to Test in Space,” was published in Space News. He writes about implementing a “Code of Conduct for responsible space-faring nations that addresses debris and traffic management imperatives.” To read the full article on…

Commentary
How Not to Test in Space

Almost fifty years ago, the United States carried out its highest yield atmospheric nuclear test, when a Thor missile was launched from Johnston Island carrying a Mark-49 warhead. The test, STARFISH PRIME, was detonated 248 miles above the Pacific….

Commentary
Arms crawl that wasn’t

ASHLEY Tellis`s comprehensive assessment of India`s nuclear weapon programmes, , was published 10 years ago. Tellis, of the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, predicted an “arms crawl” instead of a nuclear arms race on the subcontinent. One ma…

Commentary
Michael Krepon Writes Op-Ed in DAWN

Michael Krepon published an opinion piece in DAWN on the varying pace of nuclear arms buildup in Pakistan and India. Click here to read the full article.

Commentary
Tragedy and Farce

IS it any wonder why Pakistan produces excellent fiction writers? Fiction has to be exceptional to top newspaper accounts. The latest saga begins with chairman of the US joint chiefs, Mike Mullen, now retired, who speaks the unvarnished truth that Paki…

Policy Paper
Waiting for the Code of Conduct

It’s never a good sign when the United States votes in lonely isolation at the United Nations. This can only mean one of three things: that the rest of the world is spineless, or that the White House is obtuse or timid. During the Bush administration,…

Report
Crisis in South Asia: Trends and Potential Consequences

To paraphrase Raymond Aron, crises have become the substitute of wars between nuclear-armed states. This corollary to nuclear deterrence applies to South Asia, where Pakistan and India have so far experienced two crises with the advent of covert nuclea…

Commentary
Another contentious nuclear issue

The U.S.-India civil nuclear agreement has already generated a lengthy list of grievances in New Delhi and Washington. The lofty ambitions behind the agreement have been much deflated. U.S. backers of the deal advertised that 27,000 high-quality jobs w…

Testimony
Michael Krepon testifies before Senate Committee on Foreign Relations

On May 5, Michael Krepon testified before the Senate Foreign Relations Committee on U.S.-Pakistan relations.   His full testimony is available here:  http://www.stimson.org/summaries/pakistan-1/   Video of the hearing is available here:…

Stimson in the News
NewsHour with Jim Lehrer: “Pardon in Pakistan”

Michael Krepon appeared on the NewsHour with Jim Lehrer discussing the recent Pakistani pardon of nuclear scientist A.Q. Khan.  A transcript of his comments and a video are available here.

Commentary
The Fallacy of the Last Move in Pakistan

This would be a good time for Pakistan and India to negotiate new nuclear risk reduction measures, as both countries may well be in the lull between crises sparked by extremists with links to Pakistan.  But one of the many paradoxes related to nuc…

Commentary
Pakistan’s Future and US Assistance

News reports of the Taliban’s mostly uncontested advances in Pakistan’s North-West Frontier Province have prompted panicky assessments and remedies.  The situation in Pakistan clearly calls for heightened concern, but panic is usually not the hand…

Commentary
India-Pakistan: Small steps, but long road ahead

Risk takers can make big messes or big successes, especially when they lead nuclear-armed rivals and when they have little in common except their fondness for bold maneuvers and impatience with diplomacy. Think of Ronald Reagan and Mikhail Gorbachev, t…

Commentary
Ties Improve as Vajpayee Visits Pakistan and Musharraf Escapes Assassination Attempts

Something refreshingly different is happening in South Asia.  India and Pakistan are beginning to stitch together ties that were severed two years ago when Islamic extremists linked to groups based in Pakistan shot up the parliament building in Ne…

Commentary
US-Pakistan Relations: Preventing a Second Divorce

Ties between the United States and Pakistan over the past quarter century have alternated between close partnership and divorce. Adversity has pulled our two countries together, but when common threats recede, divergent national interests pull us apart…

Policy Paper
India and Pakistan Resume Structured Dialogue

  There is no better place than Wagah to look for evidence of how badly India-Pakistan relations have eroded.  Wagah is the only legally permissible place where, between the hours of 10:00 AM to 3:00 PM, border crossings on foot can be made…

Testimony
Pakistan

PAKISTAN TESTIMONY OF MICHAEL KREPON CO-FOUNDER, THE STIMSON CENTER BEFORE THE SENATE COMMITTEE ON FOREIGN RELATIONS MAY 5, 2011 MR. CHAIRMAN, MEMBERS OF THE COMMITTEE: THANK YOU FOR INVITING ME TO TESTIFY ABOUT PAKISTAN.  I HAVE BEEN WORKING ON N…

Commentary
Osama and U.S.-Pakistan Relations

Abbottabad is a quiet, lovely city.  The Stimson Center convened a Track II workshop there for rising Pakistani strategic analysts.  The city’s most prominent feature remains Kakul, the Pakistani military academy where outstanding recruits be…

Commentary
Michael Krepon op-ed published in Dawn

Michael Krepon’s op-ed, “South Asia’s Many Crises,” appeared in the Pakistani paper Dawn. (April 20) His article can be found here.

Policy Paper
Learning From South Asia’s Many Crises

Editor’s note: The Carnegie Endowment convened its 2011 International Nuclear Policy Conferenceon March 28-29 in Washington, D.C.  This essay is an adaptation and condensation of the author’s remarks in a panel discussion on “Nuclear Risk Reductio…

Commentary
Pakistan and the Bomb

  Even during periods of significant leverage, Washington has not had the power to stop and reverse Pakistan’s nuclear trend lines. As a result of the US-India nuclear deal and the presence of a large number of US troops in Afghanistan, Washington…

Report
Economic Cooperation and Regional Security

Michael Krepon and Chris Gagne, eds. Three commissioned essays investigate the linkages between cross-border economic interactions and regional security, focusing on India-Pakistan, Japan-China, and Argentina-Chile. The purpose of this collection of es…

Resource
Space Norms Matrix

The Stimson Center, with the help of Nancy Gallagher at the University of Maryland, Victoria Samson and Brian Weedon at the Secure World Foundation, Theresa Hitchens at UNIDIR, and Laura Grego at the Union of Concerned Scientists, has developed a matri…

Commentary
Senate Irreconcilables and New START

Retired Admiral “Fox” Fallon, ex-head of the Central and Pacific Commands, called the ratification of New-START “a no-brainer” in an interview with Mary Beth Sheridan in the Washington Post.   General Brent Scowcroft, President George H.W. Bu…

Commentary
The Flood

The Soviet Union was dying long before its collapse, but few took serious notice. Sovietologists in the United States were too threat-oriented to recognize grave weaknesses.  And those who benefitted so much from the perks of state in the USSR wer…

Report
Model Code of Conduct for Space-Faring Nations

 Central Objective of this Code of Conduct To preserve and advance the peaceful exploration and use of outer space. Preamble We the undersigned;   Recognizing the common interest of all humankind in achieving progress in the exploration and u…

Report
Space: A Code of Conduct

Space: A Code of Conduct The Challenge Satellites are indispensable and vulnerable. Satellites perform essential military functions. They provide early warning of missile launches and offensive military preparations. They provide intelligence to monito…

Commentary
Michael Krepon’s Politico Op-Ed On Ambitious Foreign Policy Is Featured In The Atlantic Wire

-snip- Michael Krepon in Politico on Obama’s low foreign policy ambitions “Remember when American presidents set out to do big things in the world?” asks Krepon, the co-founder of the security think-tank the Stimson Center, lamenting a lack o…

Commentary
The Obama Administration’s National Space Policy

After much delay, the Obama administration unveiled the unclassified version of its National Space Policy on June 28th. The crafting of specific diplomatic initiatives will follow. The administration has accentuated the differences between its space po…

Commentary
The Gift that Keeps on Taking

On July 18, 2005, President George W. Bush and Prime Minister Manmohan Singh stoof on the White House grounds to announce their intention to implement a civil nuclear cooperation agreement. To do so would require overcoming significant political obstac…

Commentary
Treaty Signings

To oversell or underplay – that is the question: Whether ’tis nobler in the mind to suffer slings and arrows by acknowledging modest gains, or to claim immodest accomplishments in search of 67 votes in the Senate.    Since treaty foes will ne…

Commentary
When the Gift Becomes an Insult

You know when US-Pakistan relations are in bad shape when what is perceived as a generous gift in one country is widely received as an insult in the other.  Such is the case with the Kerry-Lugar-Berman legislation which authorizes up to $7.5 billi…

Commentary
The Search for Nuclear Stabilization in Southern Asia

With support from the National Nuclear Security Administration and the John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation, the Stimson Center seeks to analyze the sources of nuclear danger in southern Asia and to suggest ideas for remedial action that…

Report
Better Safe than Sorry: The Ironies of Living with the Bomb

In 2008, the iconic doomsday clock of the Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists was set at five minutes to midnight – two minutes closer to Armageddon than in 1962, when John F. Kennedy and Nikita Khrushchev went eyeball to eyeball over missiles in Cuba! W…

Commentary
Terrorism in India

Once again, India has experienced the pain of another 9/11-type event. In 1993, the Mumbai stock exchange and other targets in the city were struck, resulting in over 250 killed and 700 injured. Mumbai was struck again in 2006. The primary targets on t…

Commentary
What Next For US Space Diplomacy?

Presidential space policy usually emphasizes one of three preferences: active diplomacy to reduce threatening developments in space, active pursuit of military options to counter perceived threats, or a policy of contingent restraint. Presidents John F…

Commentary
US-India Nuclear Deal Now Done, Reckoning to Come Later

The global system designed to prevent and reverse proliferation was built on bedrock conservative principles. In designing this structure, U.S. presidents have methodically sought to establish norms through treaties and laws that penalize proliferation…

Commentary
Likely Consequences of the Nuclear Suppliers Group Decision

The Bush administration has once again rubbished its conservative credentials by strong-arming the Nuclear Suppliers Group to waive longstanding rules designed to prevent proliferation in order to promote nuclear commerce with India. True conservatives…

Commentary
After the ASAT Tests

Destructive ASAT tests are rare. The Pentagon’s destructive anti-satellite test in February 2008 followed thirteen months after China used one of its aging satellites for target practice. The previous voluntary, global moratorium on destructive ASAT te…

Commentary
Bush’s ASAT Test

Difficult national security decisions involve hard trade-offs between benefit and risk.  On the merits, the Bush administration’s decision about what to do with a failing satellite isn’t difficult.  In this case, great harm can come from usin…

Commentary
Tough Days Ahead for Pakistan and the US

Compiled from an interview with Michael Krepon on the NewsHour with Jim Lehrer The United States needs Pakistan, and Pakistan needs the United States. If the forces of extremism prevail in Pakistan, its relations with all of its neighbors – Iran, Afgha…

Report
Preserving Freedom of Action in Space: Realizing the Potential and Limits of U.S. Spacepower

I am pleased to share with you this new report Preserving Freedom of Action in Space: Realizing the Potential and Limits of U.S. Spacepower. Michael Krepon, Theresa Hitchens and Michael Katz-Hyman have written a thoughtful and useful exploration o…

Commentary
Will the Bush Administration Endorse a Space Code of Conduct?

Space News March 5, 2007 US President George W. Bush is not interested in winning a popularity contest on multilateral agreements dealing with space. To the contrary, the most recent United Nations resolution calling for the Prevention of an Arms Race…

Commentary
Geo-Strategic Partners or Partners of Convenience?

This week, the Senate may try to take up the US-India nuclear cooperation agreement while Pakistani President Pervez Musharraf will be making the rounds in Washington.  Boosters of the US-India nuclear deal view this as a harbinger of a new g…

Commentary
Negating American Power

President George W. Bush and his most powerful advisers are fueled by a rare, high-octane mix of hyper-realism and transformational zeal forged in the aftermath of surprise attacks against emblematic targets on US soil.  The administration’s hyper…

Report
US Crisis Management in South Asia’s Twin Peaks Crisis

The Twin Peaks crisis was prompted by a brazen attack by militants on the Indian Parliament building in New Delhi in December 2001. The second peak in the crisis occured in May 2002, with an attack by militants in Jammu. The Bush administration’s crisi…

Commentary
Update on the US-India Nuclear Cooperation Agreement

In response to harsh domestic criticism, Indian Prime Minister Manmohan Singh delivered a speech to the upper house of the Indian Parliament on August 17th defending the US-India nuclear cooperation agreement.  A transcript of the Prime Minister’s…

Commentary
The Meaning of the Mumbai Blasts

In the wake of the Mumbai blasts, the governments of India, Pakistan and the United States acted in familiar ways.  New Delhi expressed its outrage and struggled with poor choices in dealing with Pakistan.  Islamabad sent condolences and hope…

Commentary
Upholding Nonproliferation

Picture the global structure of treaties, norms, export controls, and sanctions that helps prevent proliferation as a big tent.  The tent is only as sturdy as the common resolve of the five permanent members of the United Nations Security Council….

Commentary
The Bush Administration Tables a Draft “Cutoff” Treaty Analysis of Key Elements

1. Tabling a draft treaty now is a smart idea politically to improve chances that the Congress will approve the Bush administration’s proposed nuclear deal with India.   A treaty could also be a wise and substantive move, depending on it…

Commentary
The US-India Nuclear Deal: Another Wrong Turn in the War on Terror

  The Bush administration is making another costly detour on the road to keeping the most dangerous weapons out of the wrong hands.  At a time when the administration needs to work as hard as it can to tighten nonproliferation rules against I…

Stimson in the News
A Guide to the Perplexed: Q&A on the US-India Nuclear Deal

  Q.  What is the biggest problem with this deal? A.  It’s another dangerous detour in the war on terror.   Job #1 is to prevent the worst weapons from getting into the wrong hands.  Instead, the deal the Bush administrati…

Commentary
Are the Basic Assumptions Behind the Bush Administration’s Nuclear Deal with India Sound?

The Washington Post has recently published two op-eds in support of the nuclear deal with India by Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice and Robert Kagan. Both op-eds frame the right central question about the Bush administration’s bold gamble. The essen…

Commentary
In Pursuit of a Nuclear Deal with India

Esau sold his birthright for a bowl of lentils.  During the Cold War, a variation of this Biblical tale was played out whenever a president was about to engage in summitry with the Soviet Union.  Back then, critics of arms control treaties wa…

Commentary
No Exemption For India: Nuclear Deal Undermines Non-Proliferation Regime

This op-ed appeared in the Times of India on February 7, 2006 (Editorial, p.28) While trying to contain and reverse the nuclear programme of Iran and North Korea, President Bush has launched a bold initiative to change rules of nuclear commerce to bene…

Commentary
Negotiating the US-India Nuclear Cooperation Deal

While trying to contain and reverse the nuclear programs of Iran and North Korea, President Bush has launched a bold initiative to change the rules of nuclear commerce to benefit India.  Bush has proposed carving out an exception for India that wo…

Commentary
Proliferation: Then and Now

A rogue state has recently tested its first nuclear weapon and the administration is deeply divided about how to react. No – the state in question isn’t North Korea. The year is 1965 and the outlier is “Red” China. President Lyndon Baines Johnson enlis…

Commentary
Is the US-India Nuclear Cooperation Agreement Good or Bad for Proliferation?

The nuclear cooperation agreement announced between President George Bush and Indian Prime Minister Manmohan Singh at the White House on July 18th marks a major shift in decades-long U.S. policies to stop and reverse proliferation.  If implemented…

Commentary
Changing the Rules of Nuclear Commerce: Will More Commerce Equal More Proliferation?

Indian Prime Minister Manmohan Singh meets with President Bush on July 18 to demonstrate and accelerate the new strategic partnership between New Delhi and Washington. High on the Prime Minister’s agenda is breaking through the barriers on nuclear expo…

Commentary
Betting the Ranch on the US-India Nuclear Deal

The Bush administration, which has bet the ranch on a war in Iraq based on wildly unrealistic assumptions, has, in effect, doubled this bet on the nuclear deal with India.  This time around, the administration is betting that the up-side potential…

Commentary
A Pipeline for Peace?

Tehran, New Delhi and Islamabad are negotiating seriously over a pipeline originating at the South Pars field in Iran, crossing Pakistan, delivering much needed natural gas to western India. The proposed $4 billion pipeline offers something for everyon…

Policy Paper
The Stability-Instability Paradox in South Asia

The United States and the Soviet Union managed to avoid nuclear and conventional warfare during the Cold War, while jockeying for advantage in a myriad of ways, including proxy wars and a succession of crises that became surrogates for direct conflict….

Commentary
Kashmir: A Trip Report

A quiet anniversary was celebrated last month. For an entire year, Indian and Pakistani forces have observed a cease-fire along the Line of Control that divides Kashmir. Bilateral talks to improve relations are under way on eight topics, including Kash…

Commentary
From Confrontation to Cooperation

It is not surprising that India and Pakistan have gone through a rough stretch. When nations with deep grievances acquire nuclear weapons, cross-border tensions usually increase and crises become more nerve wracking. Now there is hope that India a…

Commentary
Trading Militancy for Peace in South Asia

Another effort to normalize India-Pakistan relations begins this week, when diplomats meet to discuss the structure of a substantive dialogue likely to follow the Indian elections in April.  Conventional wisdom holds that this will be another futi…

Commentary
Evaluating the Vajpayee-Musharraf Meeting in Islamabad

India’s Atal Bihari Vajpayee and Pakistan’s Pervez Musharraf are the oddest pair to tackle issues of war, peace and the bomb since Mikhail Gorbachev and Ronald Reagan. Prime Minister Vajpayee is a soft-spoken poet-politician. Musharraf is a commando-tu…

Stimson in the News
The NewsHour with Jim Lehrer: “Talking Peace”

Interview with Michael Krepon on India-Pakistan peace prospects following their decision to hold bilateral talks next month.  The video of the interview can be downloaded from the NewHour website.

Book
Reducing Nuclear Dangers in South Asia

A new Stimson Center report, “Reducing Nuclear Dangers in South Asia,” recommends specific nuclear risk reduction measures to prevent and reduce the consequences of nuclear weapons’ use in South Asia.  The recommendations were developed by disting…

Commentary
India & Kashmir Trip Report

The political season is in full swing in New Delhi.  Important state elections in a few months will be followed by national elections in 2004.  Do not expect the Government of India to pursue risky new initiatives in the interim.  This i…

Report
Space Assurance or Space Dominance? The Case Against Weaponizing Space

While space has long been utilized to assist military operations, it has not been weaponized. A new report by the Stimson Center–Space Assurance or Space Dominance? The Case Against Weaponizing Space–argues that the surest way for the United States t…

Report
Cooperative Threat Reduction, Missile Defense, and the Nuclear Future

In this Stimson Center Book, Michael Krepon calls on the United States to replace the Cold War era strategy of Mutually Assured Destruction with a balanced approach combining cooperative threat reduction, disarmament treaties, and theater missile defen…

Report
The Impact of US Ballistic Missile Defenses on Southern Asia

Michael Krepon and Chris Gagne, eds. This Stimson Center report provides the first serious analytical effort by a group of Indian, Pakistani, and US analysts to weigh the possible consequences of prospective US deployments of theater and national balli…

Report
Missile Defense and Asian Security

Presented to the Stimson Center/CNA NMD-China Project on February 20, 2002 During the Cold War, Europe was the region most likely to be affected – for better or for worse – by US missile defense deployments. Now Asia has replaced Europe as the region m…

Report
Moving from MAD to Cooperative Threat Reduction: Life after the ABM Treaty

This report issued by The Henry L. Stimson Center calls on the Bush administration to replace Mutual Assured Destruction, or MAD, with Cooperative Threat Reduction. The void created by the US notice to withdraw from the Anti-Ballistic Missile Treaty ne…

Report
Crises in South Asia: Trends and Consequences

To paraphrase Raymond Aron, crises have become the substitute of wars between nuclear-armed states. This corollary to nuclear deterrence applies to South Asia, where Pakistan and India have so far experienced two crises with the advent of covert nuclea…

Report
The Stability-Instability Paradox: Nuclear Weapons and Brinksmanship in South Asia

Michael Krepon and Chris Gagne, eds. The five essays contained in the report focus on the complex triangular nuclear interaction among India, Pakistan, and China. These essays examine nuclear dangers in the region and propose strategies for reducing th…

Report
Aerial Cooperation and Confidence Building

Michael Krepon and Michael Newbill, eds. Over the past seven years, the Stimson Center has published several essays on the utility of cooperative aerial observation for tension reduction, confidence building, and conflict resolution. The Stimson Center…

Report
Investigating Confidence-Building Measures in the Asia-Pacific Region

Ranjeet K. Singh, ed. This report explores how China and Japan might better employ confidence-building measures (CBMs) as part of their security policies, and suggests ways that CBMs can be used to help resolve disputes in the South China Sea and relat…

Report
Declaratory Diplomacy: Rhetorical Initiatives and Confidence Building

Michael Krepon, Jenny S. Drezin, and Michael Newbill, eds. Well-chosen words delivered in public declarations by national leaders can serve to reassure neighbors, demonstrate good will, reinforce common interests, open lines of communication, break dea…

Book
A Handbook of Confidence-Building Measures for Regional Security (3rd Edition)

Edited by Michael Krepon, Khurshid Khoja, Michael Newbill, and Jenny S. Drezin Table of Contents List of Abbreviations List of Tables Preface Conflict Avoidance, Confidence-Building, and Peacemaking- Michael Krepon The Asia–Pacific Region Asia–Pacific…

Policy Paper
The Battle to Obtain US Ratification of the Chemical Weapons Convention

Essays by Michael Krepon, John Parachini, and Amy Smithson assess how the CWC became a surrogate fight to define the Republican Party’s approach to defense and foreign policy. A narrow bipartisan victory for ratification was possible only with an inten…

Book
Chinese Perspectives on Confidence-Building Measures

Where is China heading? How will Beijing practice the use of CBMs, which the extraordinary Norwegian peace-maker and strategic analyst, Johan Jørgen Holst, defined twenty years ago as instruments to convey “credible evidence of the absence of feared th…

Report
Report No 18: The U.S. Senate and CWC Ratification: The Price of Inaction

A compilation of essays by Senator John Glenn, Michael Moodie, Sheila Buckley, Amy Smithson, Michael Krepon and H. Martin Lancaster, the report argues that much would be lost were the Senate to continue to shirk its constitutional responsibilities. The…

Report
The US Senate and CWC Ratification: The Price of Inaction

Stimson Report 18 A compilation of essays by Senator John Glenn, Michael Moodie, Sheila Buckley, Amy Smithson and H. Martin Lancaster The report argues that much would be lost were the Senate to continue to shirk its constitutional responsibilities. Th…

Report
Chemical Weapons Disarmament in Russia: Problems and Prospects

With recent news surrounding the Novichok nerve agent, the Stimson Center is re-releasing this report. In 1995 Stimson released a report examining Russia, nerve agents, and the Chemical Weapons Convention.  With essays by Amy Smithson, V…

Report
The US Chemical Weapons Destruction Program: Views, Analysis, and Recommendations

Report 13 This work provides an overview of the controversies associated with the Army’s stockpile incineration program, which is slated to operate in eight different US sites where the weapons are stored. The report also turns a critical eye to the ch…

Report
A Handbook of Confidence Building Measures for Regional Security (ed. 1)

Michael Krepon, Dominique M. McCoy and Matthew C.J. Rudolph, eds, A Handbook of Confidence-Building Measures for Regional Security (Washington, DC: The Henry L. Stimson Center, September 1993). Contents Project on Confidence-building Measures for Regio…

Policy Paper
The U.S. Arms Control and Disarmament Agency: Restructuring for the Post-Cold War Era

The time has come to make hard choices about the US Arms Control and Disarmament Agency (ACDA). ACDA’s declining fortunes over the past decade have hurt agency morale and, more importantly, weakened the U.S. Government’s ability to deal with…

Policy Paper
Verification of a Chemical Weapons Convention: A Guide to the Perplexed

Verification, like beauty, lies in the eyes of the beholder. Analysts disagree on the value of arms control and disarmament agreements in large part because they disagree on core assumptions about the nature of national security and the objectives of n…

Policy Paper
Confidence-Building, Peace-Making and Aerial Inspections in the Middle East

Confidence-building measures (CBMs) have been defined as “arrangements designed to enhance…assurance of mind and belief in the trustworthiness of states and the  facts they create”. CBMs, by definition, must promote confidence on both sides…

Policy Paper
Strengthening the Chemical Weapons Convention Through Aerial Inspections

Negotiations to ban the development, production, and stockpiling of chemical weapons (CW) have produced guidelines for monitoring the destruction of stocks and prohibiting CW production. At the same time, chemical industries will continue to manufactur…

Report
Nuclear Risk Reduction Centers

The following report, Nuclear Risk Reduction Centers was initially published in 1986 as part of the Center for Strategic and International Studies’ (CSIS) Significant Issues Series (Volume VIII, No. 1). The co-authors, Barry M. Blechman and Michael Kre…