Barry Blechman

Co-Founder and Distinguished Fellow

Dr. Barry M. Blechman is co-founder and a Distinguished Fellow of the Stimson Center. He served as chairman of Stimson’s Board from 1989 to 2007 and returned to the Board in 2014. Dr. Blechman also founded DFI International Inc., a research consultancy, in 1984, and served as its CEO until the company’s sale in 2007.

Dr. Blechman has more than fifty years of distinguished service in national security in both the public and private sectors. Blechman has worked in the Departments of State and Defense, and at the Office of Management and Budget. During the Carter Administration, he was appointed by the President and confirmed by the Congress as assistant director of the US Arms Control and Disarmament Agency. At various times during his career, he has been associated with the Brookings Institution, the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, the Center for Naval Analyses, and the Center for Strategic and International Studies. In addition to the Stimson Center, he currently serves on the board of Formtek, Inc., a software company based in Concord, California.

Dr. Blechman holds a PhD in international relations from Georgetown University, has taught at several universities, and has written or edited more than 20 books and nearly 200 articles, op-eds, and blog posts on national security issues. His latest book, “Military Coercion and US Foreign Policy,” co-authored with Melanie Sisson and James Siebens, will be published by Routledge in May 2020.

Selected Publications

Elements of a Nuclear Disarmament Treaty (Stimson, 2010) – with Alexander Bollfrass

Unblocking the Road to Zero (Stimson, 2009, editor and contributor)

“Phase Out the Bomb” (Foreign Policy, 1994) – with Cathleen Fischer

The Politics of National Security: Congress and U. S. Defense Policy (Oxford University Press, 1990) – with W. Philip Ellis

“What in the Name of God is Strategic Superiority?” (Political Science Quarterly, 1982) – with Robert Powell

Force Without War (Brookings Institution, 1978) – with Stephen S. Kaplan

Projects

Draws lessons about the use of military force as a coercive tool, using historical and quantitative analysis of U.S. foreign policy in the post-Cold War era (1991-2018)

Developing practical approaches to cyber risk management with the guidance of advisors from the cyber security and broader risk management communities

Research & Writing
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Op-Ed
Fast Deployments Deter Better Than Bases: Stimson

This article was originally published in Breaking Defense.

Op-Ed
America’s role in world affairs may never recover from COVID-19

The US will is sure to become a great power amongst many in the years to come post-pandemic

Book
Military Coercion and US Foreign Policy: The Use of Force Short of War

Examining the use of the U.S. military force as a coercive tool, using lessons drawn from the post-Cold War era (1991–2018).

Commentary
Trump and Putin’s Race to the Bottom

By Barry M. Blechman It has been reported by several news outlets that during their infamous phone conversation on March 20th, President Trump complained about Putin’s boasts earlier that month that Russia had developed new kinds of nuclear weapons tha…

Announcement
Remembering Peter Peterson

By Barry Blechman In the passing of Peter Peterson, the United States has lost a brilliant visionary devoted to finding practical solutions for the terrible threat posed by the nation’s ever-rising debt. It was my privilege in recent years to work with…

Stimson in the News
Barry Blechman Quoted on New US Tactical Nukes

Read article here.

Stimson in the News
Barry Blechman Quoted on Mini Nuclear Weapons

Read article here.

Stimson in the News
Barry Blechman Interviewed on North Korea Nuclear Arsenal

  Watch the interview here. 

Stimson in the News
Barry Blechman Interviewed on U.S. Nuclear Arsenal

  Watch the interview here. 

Blechman: Not Certifying Iran Deal is Bad News for International Community, Even Worse for US

For Immediate Release October 13, 2017 Contact: Jim Baird;  202.478.3413; [email protected] How will the international community react to President Trump’s decision to not certify Iran’s compliance with the 2015 nuclear deal? Stimson Cen…

Stimson in the News
Barry Blechman Quoted in Sinclair Broadcasting Article on Trump Pressuring China

The Trump administration had harsh words for China following North Korea’s second successful intercontinental ballistic missile (ICBM) test in the month of July, accusing Beijing of not taking action to rein in North Korea and its leader Kim Jong-Un. B…

Stimson in the News
Barry Blechman’s Op-Ed in USA Today on Russia’s Nuclear Weapons Program

In its latest “in your face” assault on international law, Russia has developed and now deployed operationally an intermediate-range cruise missile — a weapon that the U.S. and USSR solemnly agreed to ban in the 1987 Intermediate-Range Nuclear For…

Commentary
The Iran Dilemma Facing President-elect Trump

Editor’s note: This analysis is part of 2017 Presidential Inbox — an ongoing Stimson Center series examining the major global challenges and opportunities the Trump administration faces during its first 100 days in office. Click here to read…

Stimson in the News
Barry Blechman’s Op-ed in USA Today on Trump and Nixon

Democrats beyond a certain age, reeling from the recent president election, might recall the enmity and contempt with which they viewed another polarizing president, Richard Nixon. And, perhaps, they take some solace from the fact that a…

Stimson in the News
Barry Blechman profiled in The Magazine of Queens College

Barry Blechman’s ’63 interest in nuclear disarmament may have taken hold in his senior year at Queens College. “I remember being in the cafeteria reading in the New York Times about the Cuban Missile Crisis,” he says. “There was a picture of the Pentag…

Press Release
Blechman, Heeley Analysis: UN Anticipated To Take Step Toward Banning Nuclear Weapons

In light of the anticipated vote today at the United Nations to approve the process for a treaty to ban nuclear weapons, experts from the nonpartisan Stimson Center released the following statements:   Barry Blechman, Co-Founder, Stimson Center: “…

Stimson in the News
Barry Blechman op-ed in The New York Times on nuclear weapon modernization

Conventional military forces are more than sufficient to protect America and its allies’ security with only one exception. Nuclear forces are required to deter nuclear attacks on this country and the other nations to whom we are pledged to defend from…

Stimson in the News
Barry Blechman and Laicie Heeley quoted in RTBF on nuclear bombs in Belgium

The US think tank Stimson Center recommended that the administration of President Barack Obama to give up to acquire the new version of the B-61 nuclear bombs deployed in Europe – including Belgium – and to withdraw such weapons ” immediately…

Press Release
US Nuclear Weapons in Turkey at Risk of Seizure by Terrorists, Hostile Forces

Ending B61 Presence in Europe Would Save 3.7 Billion Over Five Years For Immediate Release: August 15, 2016 Contact: Jim Baird, [email protected]; (202) 478.3413 The continued presence of dozens of U.S. nuclear weapons at Incirlik Air Base in…

Report
B61 Life Extension Program: Costs and Policy Considerations

While the United States plans to make minor reductions in the number of warheads deployed on its long-range missiles and bombers, consistent with the terms of the new Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty (START), it also plans to develop a wide range of new…

Press Release
Stimson Analysis: The Iran Deal, One Year Later

Experts from the nonpartisan Stimson Center released the following statements reflecting on the one-year anniversary of the Iran nuclear deal. The deal, also known as the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA), was reached between the P5+1 and Iran…

Policy Paper
Presentation to the Strategic Deterrent Coalition Symposium

Protecting  U.S. Security by Stretching and Reducing the Planned Nuclear Modernization Program U.S. security depends mainly on our global political leadership, diplomacy, and economic instruments of power — private and public. It also depends crit…

Stimson in the News
Barry Blechman quoted in Foreign Policy on Obama’s Nuclear Legacy

Conducting foreign policy is not the same as practicing medicine. But it would have been good if President Obama had adopted the principle of the Hippocratic oath that requires physicians to “abstain from doing harm.” Even when the president has s…

Commentary
Obama Should Return His Nobel Peace Prize

President Obama claims undue credit for progress toward eliminating nuclear dangers. In fact, in nearly eight years, his administrations have taken only a few small steps toward limiting these risks, while launching a nuclear weapons moderniz…

Press Release
Stimson Center Experts Analyze President Obama’s Nuclear Legacy

For Immediate Release: April 4, 2016 Contact: Jim Baird; [email protected]; 202.478.3413 Experts from the nonpartisan Stimson Center analyze President Obama’s nuclear legacy in light of the conclusion of the final Nuclear Security Summit in Washin…

Commentary
Obama’s Nuclear Legacy

Experts from the nonpartisan Stimson Center analyze President Obama’s nuclear legacy in light of the conclusion of the final Nuclear Security Summit in Washington D.C. The summit  — which brought more than 50 world leaders to Washington…

Stimson in the News
Barry Blechman quoted in Politico on Defense Campaign Donations

-snip- Some suggest the reduction is the natural outcome of primaries that have been too hard to predict. “It’s so confusing this year; they [the contractors] don’t know who to give to, especially on the Republican side,” says Barry Blechman, a fe…

Commentary
Analysis Of State Of The Union Address

Following last night’s State of the Union address — the last of Barack Obama’s presidency — experts from the nonpartisan Stimson Center analyze and provide context on the president’s remarks: Johan Bergenas, Director, Partnerships in Security…

Report
Reducing The Risk Of Nuclear War In The Nordic/Baltic Region

Europe is currently experiencing escalating political and military tensions that are rekindling fears of war between Russia and NATO. Any such conflict would inherently include a risk of nuclear weapons use. The Stimson Center, partnered with Project H…

Commentary
Baltic Nuclear Free Zone Would Further Reduce Risk Of NATO-Russia Nuclear War

A regional war in the Baltic between NATO and Russia using only 20 nuclear weapons risks leaving nearly 1 million dead with long-lasting impacts on the region’s environment, economies, and health, a new report by the nonpartisan Stimson Center finds. T…

Commentary
Protecting US Security By Minimizing the Role of Nuclear Weapons

Statement by Barry Blechman, Co-Founder, Stimson Center  Testimony before the Strategic Subcommittee of the House Armed Services Committee  November 3, 2015 Nuclear weapons are the most potent destructive force known to humanity. Yet, even th…

Commentary
Stimson Experts React to Landmark Iran Agreement

Stimson Center experts released the following statements reacting to the landmark agreement announced today to curb Iran’s nuclear program. The deal negotiated by the United States, Britain, China, France, Germany, Russia and the European Union culmina…

Stimson in the News
Interview with Barry Blechman in Voice of America on the Iran Deal

Negotiations over Iran’s nuclear program aim to build on an April agreement targeting the infrastructure needed to produce plutonium and enriched uranium, key components of nuclear weapons. -snip- The agreement also limited research on improved centrif…

Commentary
Ambassador William Harrop: A Foreign Service Career Distinguished by Impact

Earlier this month the American Foreign Service Association honored former Stimson trustee Ambassador William Harrop with its 2015 Lifetime Contributions to American Diplomacy Award.  Stimson colleagues Lincoln P. Bloomfield, Jr and Barry Ble…

Stimson in the News
Barry Blechman & Russell Rumbaugh quoted in Asia Times on Chinese nuclear threat

America must change its policies regarding its nuclear weapons arsenal if it wishes to remain safe in the coming century, according to a new study from the Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS). -snip- Barry Blechman and Russell Rumbaug…

Stimson in the News
Barry Blechman quoted in Fabius Maximus on ‘Project Atom’ report

Reviving the cold war is too modest a goal for our warmongerers. Let’s lay the foundation for a hot war proposes a new report: “A Competitive Strategies Approach to Defining U.S. Nuclear Strategy and Posture for 2025-2050”. It’s the result of an aptly…

Stimson in the News
Barry Blechman and Russell Rumbaugh quoted in The Diplomat on US nuclear policy objectives

Maintaining nuclear superiority over China, rough parity with Russia, and developing a new set of forward-deployable tactical nuclear weapons are the principal recommendations of a new study by the Washington-based Center for Strategic and Internationa…

Stimson in the News
Barry Blechman & Russell Rumbaugh quoted in Israel National News on increased nuclear threats

A new study from the Washington-based Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS) warns of dire consequences if the US does not dramatically change its nuclear weapons policy in the coming years, reports the Washington Free Beacon on Tuesday….

Stimson in the News
Barry Blechman quoted in ThinkProgress on ‘Project Atom’ report

A new and controversial report arguing for the production of low-yield, tactical nuclear weapons by the U.S. released by a noted D.C. think tank has drawn heavy criticism from field experts, including one of the report’s coauthors, who labeled the repo…

Stimson in the News
Barry Blechman and Russell Rumbaugh quoted in The National Interest on America’s nuclear strategy

The United States needs to develop more “usable” nuclear weapons to deter future conflict, according to a new think tank report. -snip- Barry Blechman, the co-founder of the Stimson Center and a co-author of the new report, is also critical of Murdock’…

Stimson in the News
Barry Blechman & Russell Rumbaugh preview Project Atom in Defense One

Barry Blechman and Russell Rumbaugh of the Stimson Center argue that the American military is so far superior to its global counterparts that “nuclear weapons add few options” to the U.S. palette. “Indeed, given U.S. conventional military superiority,…

Stimson in the News
Barry Blechman quoted in the Arizona Daily Star on the future of the Davis-Monthan Air Force Base

Congress continues to stand in the way of the Air Force’s plan to retire the A-10 – the main flying mission based at Davis-Monthan Air Force Base. But at the same time, the Air Force has begun training on the plane’s intended replacement, the F-35. Tuc…

Stimson in the News
Barry Blechman quoted in the Rapid News Network on anthrax protection

Pentagon officials announced on Friday, the plan to launch an investigation into the mishandling of deadly anthrax samples following the news that several other infectious samples were inadvertently sent to a lab in Australia. -snip- Test fac…

Stimson in the News
Barry Blechman quoted in The Korean Times on the U.S. Forces Korea

Calls are increasing here for the strengthening of rules for declaration when United States Forces Korea (USFK) brings hazardous materials into South Korea. -snip- Barry M. Blechman, co-founder of the Stimson Center, a nonpartisan global security group…

Stimson in the News
Barry Blechman quoted in the Navy Times on defense against biochemical warfare

The U.S. Army’s mistaken shipment of live anthrax samples to government and commercial laboratories occurred at a military post in a desolate stretch of the Utah desert that has been testing chemical weapons since it opened in 1942. -snip- Test facilit…

Stimson in the News
Stimson report cited in Fierce Homeland Security

The United States should minimize the role that nuclear weapons play in its security policy because they add few military options and provide “false hopes” that can be costly geopolitically as well as in human lives, according to a new report from the…

Stimson in the News
“A New US Nuclear Policy” report cited in Defense One

Pursuing the “nuclear taboo” in the name of peace. Can the U.S. make its citizens more secure by minimizing its role in the defense of American interests abroad? Barry Blechman and Russell Rumbaugh believe so in this report from The…

Report
Protecting US Security by Minimizing the Role of Nuclear Weapons: A New US Nuclear Policy

A new report finds that the U.S. has mistakenly pursued a nuclear strategy that is costly and out of touch with 21st century security needs. The report titled, Protecting U.S. Security by Minimizing the Role of Nuclear Weapons: A New U.S. Nuc…

Commentary
Stark Choices Left if Iran Talks Fail

Stimson’s Co-Founder Barry Blechman discusses the ongoing Iran nuclear negotiations and what’s at stake if negotiations fail. “I can’t emphasize enough how important these talks are,” says Blechman. “It would be a huge boost to other efforts to persuad…

Stimson in the News
Barry Blechman Quoted In Voice Of America On The Iran Nuclear Deal

As a deadline nears for a deal on Iran’s nuclear program, the talk centers around centrifuges, enriched uranium, and heavy-water reactors.   -snip-     The design of the centrifuges is also important, according to Barry Blechman, co-foun…

Stimson in the News
Barry Blechman Quoted In Arizona Daily Star On The A-10

Tucson should push for Davis-Monthan Air Force Base to become a Central Operations Base instead of relying on flying missions for its long-term survival, according to a new city-commissioned study.   The study, done by Barry Blechman of…

Commentary
Barry M. Blechman, Francis Q. Hoang, Courtney B. Spaeth Join Stimson Board

The Stimson Center is pleased to announce today the newest members of the organization’s Board of Directors: Francis Q. Hoang and Courtney B. Spaeth. The Center also welcomes back to the board Stimson Co-founder and long-term Chairman, Barry M. Blechma…

Commentary
Nuclear Visions and Nuclear Budgets

By Barry Blechman and Kara Junttila: President Barack Obama’s fiscal 2016 budget request continues the political gamesmanship that has plagued the U.S. government for five years. Exceeding legislated budget caps on both defense and non-defense discreti…

Commentary
Too Dangerous to Fail

An agreement would have been preferable, of course. But it’s not all bad news out of Vienna right now. The decision to extend until July the deadline for negotiations with Iran over the country’s nuclear program is, essentially, a step in the right dir…

Commentary
“Strategic Agility”: Behind The Air Force’s New 30-Year Plan

The myriad of conflicts raging worldwide right now would pose a challenge to any defense strategy. From Russian aggression in Ukraine and China’s belligerence in contested waters to a particularly violent flaring of the Israel-Palestine conflict and Ir…

Stimson in the News
Russell Rumbaugh and Barry Blechman’s op-ed on USAF strategic agility published in Breaking Defense

The myriad of conflicts raging worldwide right now would pose a challenge to any defense strategy. From Russian aggression in Ukraine and China’s belligerence in contested waters to a particularly violent flaring of the Israel-Palestine conflict and Ir…

Commentary
How the market can undermine terrorism

By Barry Blechman and Jay Cohen:  On October 29, 2010, airplanes carrying two unremarkable packages left Yemen. Were it not for an eleventh-hour intelligence tip, the bomb inside each parcel, disguised by al Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb as a print…

Commentary
Making Public-Private Security Cooperation More Efficient, Effective, and Sustainable: Recommendations on the Task Force

Following over 18 months of collaboration with high-tech manufacturers and service providers, transport and logistics firms, and insurance providers, Stimson’s Partners in Prevention Task Force issued its recommendations to US government and industry s…

Commentary
Reducing Nuclear Dangers

Activities to reduce the dangers of nuclear and other weapons of mass destruction have been prominent elements in Stimson’s agenda throughout its 25 year history. Our work has included research and analysis, the convening of working groups of emin…

Resource
“Strategic Agility” Assessment of the President’s FY2015 Defense Budget

In its September 2013 report, Strategic Agility, the 17-member Defense Advisory Committee of former high-ranking military officers, former national security policymakers, and distinguished academics endorsed 27 specific defense policy recommendations t…

Commentary
Time to look beyond the UN climate negotiations

Secretary of State John Kerry should be saluted for energizing US policy on climate change and pushing for global progress toward containment of greenhouse gas emissions. The impacts of climate change threaten the balance of nature, food supply, and na…

Commentary
Barry Blechman and Gordon Adams listed among top U.S. Defense opinion shapers

Stimson Co-founder Barry Blechman and Distinguished Fellow Gordon Adams both raised their profile in the Defense News 100 Most Influential People in U.S. Defense. Blechman went from #96 in 2012 to #85 this year, while Adams rose from #75 last year to #…

Commentary
Stimson Experts Analyze Iran Nuclear Agreement

Stimson experts offer their insights into the six-month agreement with Iran reached early Sunday designed to halt the nation’s progress in developing nuclear weapons. Under the deal, Iran agreed to allow inspections of its nuclear facilities and take o…

Commentary
Time Ripe to Rid Middle East of Chemical Weapons

The world will be a safer place if the surprising agreement that led to the promised destruction of Syria’s stockpile of deadly chemical weapons can pave the way for the banning of such weapons from the entire Middle East and eventually the world. The…

Commentary
Barry Blechman Takes to the Airwaves to Talk About “Strategic Agility”

Stimson Co-founder and Distinguished Fellow Barry Blechman, who also served as chairman of Stimson’s Defense Advisory Committee, has been making the rounds on TV and radio to discuss our new report, “Strategic Agility: Strong National Defense for Today…

Commentary
Facing Realities On The U.S. Defense Budget

When I worked with a group of high-ranking former military and civilian national security officials last year to develop a new U.S. defense strategy called “Strategic Agility,” we assumed our elected policymakers would not be so stupid as to allow the…

Report
Strategic Agility: Strong National Defense For Today’s Global And Fiscal Realities

Senior national security experts and former government officials convened by the Stimson Center have issued a report outlining a new defense strategy that would advance America’s national security but still make it possible to cut about $50 billion fro…

Commentary
U.S. Nuclear Policy is Sound

The June 23 op-ed by Eric Edelman and Robert Joseph, “Obama is pursuing nuclear folly,” accused the president of jeopardizing our national security, and that of our allies, by preparing for unilateral cuts to U.S. nuclear forces. But the authors are ti…

Commentary
Let’s Not Blunder Into Another War

I was born 70 years ago this spring in the Bronx in New York City. In the years I’ve lived, more than 500,000 Americans have died and almost 1 million have been wounded in at least 15 U.S. military conflicts. Some wars were long and cost a great deal i…

Policy Paper
Weapons of Mass Destruction: A New Paradigm for a New Century

Arms control, the theory and practice guiding the decades-long effort by the United States and other nations to limit the dangers posed by weapons of mass destruction (WMD), no longer works. A new paradigm is required for the United States and the worl…

Report
Managing the Military More Efficiently: Potential Savings Separate from Strategy

In an effort to help policymakers determine how to reduce the Defense Department budget without cutting essential combat capabilities, a Stimson Center report issued today compiles options and recommendations proposed by official groups and agencies th…

Commentary
Nuclear Deterrence Could Restrain N. Korea, Iran

Throughout the Cold War, the United States relied on the theory of deterrence for protection against nuclear attack. American leaders believed that so long as the U.S. maintained nuclear forces able to survive a first-strike and retaliate with devastat…

Commentary
Presidential Inbox 2013: Implement the Nuclear Posture Review!

Click here to view the complete Presidential Inbox series. The Challenge In April 2010, the Obama Administration completed an inter-agency study of the nation’s policies governing nuclear weapons.  The key decision resulting from this “N…

Commentary
Barry Blechman on World Affairs TODAY

Stimson Co-Founder and Distinguished Fellow Barry Blechman appeared on the February 10 episode of World Affairs TODAY, a program of the World Affairs Council-Washington, DC. The episode featured his December 2012 appearance at the World Affairs Council…

Commentary
Lessons from Max

Max Kampelman, who passed away on January 25th, was a man of many talents, accomplishments, and distinctions.  His service to the United States was lengthy, varied, and sometimes controversial, but his contributions to reducing nuclear dangers are…

Report
A New US Defense Strategy for a New Era: Military Superiority, Agility, and Efficiency

Click here for a briefing on the report The changing global security landscape and worsening fiscal outlook demand significant adjustments to national security strategy and budgeting, according to an extensive, year-long study released today by Stimson…

Commentary
Report Release: A New US Defense Strategy for a New Era

The changing global security landscape and worsening fiscal outlook demand significant adjustments to national security strategy and budgeting, according to an extensive, year-long study released today by Stimson: A New US Defense Strategy for a New Er…

Commentary
Barry Blechman and Ellen Laipson co-authored an op-ed in “Al Monitor” for engaging with Iran

The drumbeat for war over Iran’s nuclear activities has grown fainter in recent weeks. This easing of tensions, while perhaps temporary, could provide a rare opportunity to imagine a change in the US-Iran relationship, write Barry Blechman and Ellen La…

Report
Iran In Perspective: Holding Iran to Peaceful Uses of Nuclear Technology

The United States and Iran have been at loggerheads since the birth of the Islamic Republic, 33 years ago, but the two nations have never seemed as close to a major military conflict as they have since the beginning of 2012. As we write, concerns of th…

Commentary
A Course Adjustment for Climate Talks

With little hope that the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) process will produce an effective treaty, at least for the next several years and perhaps longer, are there other paths that could lead to near-term reductions in…

Commentary
Barry Blechman Co-Authors Op-Ed on Climate Talks in Foreign Affairs Magazine

Barry Blechman, along with Ruth Greenspan Bell, Public Policy Scholar at the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars, and Micah Ziegler, graduate student at the University of California, Berkeley, co-wrote an opinion editorial in Foreign Affai…

Commentary
Next Steps in U.S.-Russia Arms Control: The Good, the Bad, and the Ugly

Below is the transcription of a presentation delivered by Dr. Barry Blechman to the National Defense University and National Defense Industrial Association Capitol Hill Forum, on October 14, 2011.  Dr. Blechman spoke about next steps and potential…

Report
Unblocking the Road to Zero: Pakistan and Israel

Two Tough Cases: Persuading Israel and Pakistan to Relinquish Nuclear Weapons US President Barack Obama and Russian President Dmitry Medvedev have jointly pledged to renew talks for a treaty to reduce their nuclear arsenals with the ultimate goal of ac…

Commentary
Turning the dream of a nuclear-free world into reality

By Max Kampelman and Barry Blechman   Two years ago, President Obama spoke out for universal nuclear disarmament in Prague, saying that America would seek the peace and security of a world without nuclear weapons “clearly and with conviction.” Sim…

Commentary
Blechman and Brumberg recommend strategic engagement with Iran in Foreign Policy

In the coming decade, Iran’s politics will be defined by a slow, agonizing struggle waged through, rather than against, the institutions of the Islamic Republic. If we indulge in the seductive dream of a sudden democratic revolution — whether delivere…

Report
Engagement, Coercion, and Iran’s Nuclear Challenge

US Iran policy has been long on the tactics and techniques of sanctions, and short on a clear, coherent, strategic vision of the kind of US-Iranian relationship Washington ultimately wants. Without defining that vision – and the most effective bal…

Report
Unblocking the Road to Zero: North Korea and Iran

Delaying Zero:  How can Iranian and North Korean nuclear programs be stopped and even reversed? Against the backdrop of North Korea’s nuclear test on May 25th and subsequent missile launches and the festering dispute over Iran’s nuclear program, t…

Report
Unblocking the Road to Zero: Brazil, Japan, Turkey

The Role of Non-Weapon States in Nuclear Disarmament The elimination of nuclear weapons is not only a task for countries with nuclear weapons – it cannot be accomplished without key non-weapon states While nuclear weapon states continue to debate the c…

Report
Report on the Workshop: Nuclear Dangers, Nuclear Realities

In the future, 2009 and 2010 may emerge as a decisive time in the evolution of international nuclear policies.  The global demand for energy security has led to renewed interest in safe and clean nuclear ene…

Commentary
Cheater’s Risk: Test a Widely Held Presumption Preventing Nuclear Disarmament

Twenty years after the end of the Cold War, there are still more than 20,000 nuclear weapons in the collective arsenals of nine nations.  Other countries, like Iran and Syria, clearly aspire to join the nuclear club.  Yet, all nations know ho…

Book
National Perspectives on Nuclear Disarmament

National Perspectives on Nuclear Disarmament compiles Unblocking the Road to Zero’s previous country monographs into a single, accessible volume.  Renowned experts discuss the views of key countries on nuclear disarmament, both those with weapons…

Book
Elements of a Nuclear Disarmament Treaty

Elements of a Nuclear Disarmament Treaty is a comprehensive analysis of the technical measures required to achieve and sustain a world without nuclear weapons. Topics in this far-sighted volume include the verified destruction of nuclear weapons, the s…

Report
Unblocking the Road to Zero: US and Russia

Can US-Russian nuclear reductions go low enough to make a nuclear weapon-free world possible?  On July 6th, the Kremlin and the White House announced that they would be negotiating a new nuclear arms reductions agreement with the goal of lowering…

Commentary
Presidential Inbox 2009: The First 100 Days

The first 100 days of any administration are filled with tough choices and breaks from past policies. This administration is no different. In the lead-up to the election, Stimson experts identified the issues, from nuclear proliferation to a code of co…

Report
Unblocking the Road to Zero: China and India

As rising powers in Asia and the world, both China and India are advancing technologically and gaining influence in global economic and political affairs. They are each modernizing their armed forces, as well, including their nuclear arsenals. While th…

Commentary
Don’t Miss This Opportunity To End Nuclear Testing – Once And For All

March 1st was the fifty-fifth anniversary of the test of the largest US nuclear bomb. Code-named Castle Bravo, the 15 megaton explosion in the atmosphere of a new type of nuclear weapon unexpectedly inflicted radiation disease on 239 near-by islanders…

Book
Nuclear Security Series- Unblocking the Road to Zero: Perspectives of Advanced Nuclear Nations

Each of the country assessments, to be published ad seriatum, considers the security conditions that need to be met before the government in question would participate in a multilateral disarmament process. Next in the series is another pair of countri…

Commentary
Don’t Reduce The US Nuclear Arsenal Unilaterally

We Need Levers to Move the World Toward Disarmament By Barry Blechman – President Obama does not lack advice on the nuclear policies he should pursue. Six projects, at least, are providing such recommendations. Prominent among them are suggestions that…

Report
Nuclear Proliferation: Avoiding a Pandemic

By Dr. Barry M. Blechman The Challenge There is serious risk that the international agreements and processes that have kept the number of nations armed with nuclear weapons fairly low are breaking down. Over the past ten years, three nations joined the…

Policy Paper
Defining Moment: The Threat and Use of Force in American Foreign Policy Since 1989

The use of military force has been a difficult subject for American leaders for three decades. Ever since the failure of American policy and military power in Vietnam, it has been hard for U.S. policy makers to gain domestic support for the use of forc…

Report
The Partnership Imperative: Maintaining American Leadership in a New Era

Since the early 1990s, US foreign policy has been trying to cope with march of technology, explosion of global markets, growth of population, and decay of the global environment. It has done so largely with ideas and tools crafted for a different era….

Report
Training for Peacekeeping: The United Nations’ Role

Stimson Report 12 This report surveyed national training programs for peacekeeping, analyzed four decades of UN peacekeeping casualty data, and concluded that better training could make UN operations both more effective and safer. The report’s recommen…

Book
The American Military in the Twenty-first Century

By William J. Durch, Barry M. Blechman, David R. Graham, John H. Henshaw, Pamela L. Reed, Victor A. Utgoff, Steven A. Wolfe With the breakup of the Soviet Union, the U.S. military has lost both its main adversary and a substantial part of its operation…

Report
Key West Revisited: Roles and Missions of the United States Armed Forces in the Twenty-first Century

Stimson Report 8 Edited by Barry Blechman On March 11-14, 1948, the first secretary of defense, James Forrestal, convened the chiefs of the military services in Key West, Florida, to resolve a long and bitter conflict among them about how to allocate r…

Report
Key West Revisited: Roles and Missions of the US Armed Forces in the Twenty-first Century

On March 11-14, 1948, the first secretary of defense, James Forrestal, convened the chiefs of the military services in Key West, Florida to resolve a long and bitter conflict among them about how to allocate responsibilities for military roles and miss…

Report
Keeping the Peace: The United Nations in the Emerging World Order

The final report of the Center’s first peacekeeping project detailed UN procedures political, financial, and logistical for setting up and running peacekeeping operations and, on the basis of detailed analyses of UN operations through 1991, warned agai…

Report
Nuclear Risk Reduction Centers

The following report, Nuclear Risk Reduction Centers was initially published in 1986 as part of the Center for Strategic and International Studies’ (CSIS) Significant Issues Series (Volume VIII, No. 1). The co-authors, Barry M. Blechman and Michael Kre…

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