Partnerships in Proliferation Prevention
Partnerships in Proliferation Prevention
The Partnerships in Proliferation Prevention program supports the 1540 Committee at the United Nations by helping states increase their capacity to make more effective requests for assistance in order to prevent the spread of the world’s most dangerous nuclear, chemical, and biological weapons.
U.N. Security Council resolution 1540 established more than two hundred specific obligations on all states to prevent the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction (WMD) — particularly to non-state actors, including terrorists. The broad scope of the resolution, requiring states to prohibit some activities and control a range of legitimate activities to prevent proliferation — such as accounting for and securing WMD related materials domestically and exercising border and export controls such items. Recognizing that many states would need assistance in implementing these obligations, the Security Council identified the 1540 Committee as a channel for requests and offers of assistance, but few matches have been made. The Partnerships in Proliferation Prevention program supports the 1540 Committee’s goal of improving the matching of offers and requests for assistance, as mandated under U.N. Security Council resolution 2325.
Assistance Support Initiative
States worldwide struggle to implement effectively the obligations of United Nations Security Council Resolution 1540 and other international nonproliferation treaties and commitments. As a result, States, international governmental and non-governmental organizations have offered to help States implement these obligations. However, matching requests and offers has proven to be very difficult. The UN Security Council has identified the inability of many requesting governments to move beyond high-level, generic statements of need toward specific assistance requests tied to a sustainable national implementation strategy as one of the many challenges impeding effective action for 1540 assistance programs.
Through funding from the Government of Canada and in close cooperation with the 1540 Committee, its Group of Experts, and other partners, ASI aims to help States build their capacity to make more effective assistance requests.
During Phase I of this project, the ASI team created a public, searchable database of assistance programs and projects that combat the proliferation of chemical, biological, radiological and nuclear weapons and their means of delivery. This database serves as a single source of valuable information for States interested in receiving or providing assistance. To visit the database, please click on the link below:
Recently, the Stimson Center has initiated Phase 2 of the project, where it will expand and improve the database and web tool. Strategic developments of this phase include: adding and updating data on assistance projects and programs, increasing the availability of database information to States seeking assistance, and establishing a Website Advisory Board to conduct regular reviews of the tools’ benefits for CBRN non-proliferation assistance. Ultimately, the Stimson Center seeks to enhance user-value of the ASI database and website.
Securing Radiological Sources
With tens of thousands of radioactive sources, the potential that such sources would fall into the hands of terrorists or other criminals has attracted increased attention at the highest political levels. The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) and other organizations have emphasized the need for an effective legal and regulatory structure of securing radioactive sources.
To empower everyone with a better understanding of what States have done to address this challenge, the Stimson Center created four databases of United Nation Member States’ laws and regulations that include an explicit obligation to secure radioactive sources, related apparatus or facilities. With support from the Government of Finland, the project team first compared national non-trade measures against key elements of the IAEA’s Code of Conduct on the Safety and Security of Radioactive Sources. From this research, the Stimson Center has identified 248 laws, regulations, or their equivalent found in 104 countries worldwide. The project team then aggregated the individual measures for each State against the key elements of the Code of Conduct. Please follow this link to learn more about the Stimson Center’s preliminary results and analysis from its research and analysis of the 248 laws and regulations found in the Measure Level database. The project then compared national trade measures against key elements of the IAEA's Guidance on the Import and Export of Radioactive Sources. Here, the Stimson Center has identified 236 laws, regulations or their equivalent in 145 UN Member States.
View the Stimson Center’s Measure Level Database and the Codebook for the Measure Level database, which was used to create the database.
View the Stimson Center’s State Level Database and the Codebook for the State Level database, which was used to create the database.
View the Stimson Center’s Radiological Trade Controls Measure Level Database and the Codebook for the Trade Measure Level Database , which was used to create the database.
View the Stimson Center’s Radiological Trade Controls State Level Database and the Codebook for the Trade State Level Database, which was used to create the database.
Chemical Weapons Nonproliferation
As recent international incidents amply demonstrate, chemical weapons remain an enduring and very real challenge to international peace and security. The Stimson Center seeks to help increase the relatively low levels of implementation of national measures to secure chemical weapons related materials in support of the objectives of the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) and the obligations of United Nations Security Council resolution (UNSCR) 1540 (2004). Through funding from the Government of Canada, the Stimson Center has begun a project to create a “topography of implementation” on the national legal infrastructures for chemical weapons nonproliferation security worldwide. This project also seeks to further identify and promote the development of international standards for chemical security.
The Stimson Center has also begun work on a project to create a “cheminformatics” tool that would help close loopholes in current lists of controlled chemicals and deter illicit trade.