Confidence-Building Measures (CBMs) are diverse arrangements -- such as hotlines, people-to-people exchanges, and prior notifications of military exercises -- that can help reduce tensions and promote good neighborly relations. Communication, constraint, transparency, and verification measures are the primary tools. They are designed to make the behavior of states more predictable by facilitating communication among states and establishing rules or patterns of behavior for states' military forces.
Violence across the Kashmir divide is growing. The ceasefire agreement reached between India and Pakistan along the Line of Control (LoC) dividing the old princely state of Jammu and… Read More »
The Stimson Center will release a new collection of essays in April, Deterrence Instability and Nuclear Weapons in South Asia. One of these essays, "Pakistan's Tactical Nuclear Weapons:… Read More »
India and Pakistan have developed and flight tested seventeen new nuclear weapon delivery vehicles since testing nuclear devices in 1998 - an average of more than one per year. Military… Read More »
Group of Governmental Experts on Transparency and Confidence-Building Measures in Outer Space Activities
In July 2013, a UN Group of Governmental experts issued a report on transparency… Read More »
The Stimson Center is releasing today an essay by Toby Dalton entitled "Beyond Incrementalism: Rethinking Approaches to CBMs and Stability in South Asia." Dalton is the Deputy Director… Read More »
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