Confidence-Building Measures

Confidence-Building Measures (CBMs) are diverse arrangements -- such as hotlines, people-to-people exchanges, and prior notifications of military exercises -- that can help reduce tensions and promote good neighborly relations.  Communication, constraint, transparency, and verification measures are the primary tools. They are designed to make the behavior of states more predictable by facilitating communication among states and establishing rules or patterns of behavior for states' military forces.

Latest Research

July 27, 2015 / By Julia Thompson
The Dynamics of Violence along the Kashmir Divide, 2003-2015

 

Violence across the Kashmir divide is growing. The ceasefire agreement reached between India and Pakistan along the Line of Control (LoC) dividing the old princely state of Jammu and

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March 10, 2015
Pakistan’s Tactical Nuclear Weapons: Operational Myths and Realities

The Stimson Center will release a new collection of essays in April, Deterrence Instability and Nuclear Weapons in South Asia. One of these essays, "Pakistan's Tactical Nuclear Weapons:

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December 12, 2013 / By Michael Krepon, Julia Thompson
Deterrence Stability and Escalation Control in South Asia

India and Pakistan have developed and flight tested seventeen new nuclear weapon delivery vehicles since testing nuclear devices in 1998 - an average of more than one per year.  Military

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July 29, 2013
GGE Report on Transparency and Confidence-Building Measures in Outer Space Activities

Group of Governmental Experts on Transparency and Confidence-Building Measures in Outer Space Activities

In July 2013, a UN Group of Governmental experts issued a report on transparency

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January 30, 2013
Toby Dalton on “Beyond Incrementalism: Rethinking Approaches to CBMs and Stability in South Asia”

The Stimson Center is releasing today an essay by Toby Dalton entitled "Beyond Incrementalism: Rethinking Approaches to CBMs and Stability in South Asia." Dalton is the Deputy Director

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