Johan Bergenas

Former Senior Associate

This is the profile of a former staff member, affiliate, intern, or guest author. Biographical information is not maintained and may be out of date.

Johan Bergenas is a Senior Associate and Director of the Partnerships in Security and Development program. One of Bergenas’ current primary focus is “natural security” – the interlinkages between environmental challenges and U.S. national and global security – as well as on technology and public-private sector partnerships. His background cuts across a wide range of transnational security challenges – from WMD proliferation, terrorism and transnational organized crime.

In 2014, Bergenas initiated Project Ngulia, a field initiative to build a new gold standard for natural resource protection. He has brought together a dozen public and private sector partners and technology providers on a pilot project in Kenya. Since 2015, Bergenas has also worked closely with a wide range of environmental and defense organizations to bridge the divide between these institutions on issues ranging from illegal fishing to technology capacity building in developing nations.

Bergenas’ work has been published in the New York Times, the Washington Post, Politico, Foreign Affairs, and Foreign Policy. Prior to joining Stimson, Bergenas worked for the Monterey Institute of International Studies and Oxfam America. He has also been a reporter and a freelance journalist for numerous publications, covering a wide range of international and U.S. domestic issues. He holds an honors M.A. degree from the School of Foreign Service at Georgetown University and an honors B.A. degree from the University of Iowa.

Follow Johan on Twitter @johanbergenas

Select Publications

Research & Writing

Report
Project Ngulia: A National Security Think Tank’s Unlikely Journey

In September 2013, a Stimson Center team visited Tsavo West National Park, home to the Ngulia Rhino Sanctuary, a 100-square-kilometer reserve which, at the time, held around 60 of Kenya’s 650 black rhinos. Just a few dozen rangers with basic military t…

Stimson in the News
Johan Bergenas and Emma Myers’ Op-ed in US News and World Report on Trump and Environmentalism

Since Donald Trump’s unexpected presidential victory, environmentalists fear a substantial rollback of protections for our natural world. Yet there may be a silver lining. Trump’s broader security goals – to crush the Islamic State group…

Stimson in the News
Johan Bergenas interviewed in Al Jazeera on documentary The Poacher’s Pipeline

Questions and the discussion from the world premiere of The Poacher’s Pipeline, Al Jazeera’s investigation into the illegal rhino horn trade. Our panellists are: Al Jazeera’s Jeremy Young, Gretchen Peters of the Satao Project, Allan Thornton of the Env…

Commentary
Trump Can Help Bridge the Natural Security Divide during First 100 Days

Editor’s note: This analysis is part of Presidential Inbox 2017 — an ongoing Stimson Center series examining the major global challenges and opportunities the Trump administration faces during its first 100 days in office. Click here to read the full s…

Stimson in the News
Stimson’s “Secure Oceans” report cited in National Interest

In the role-playing game of Dungeons and Dragons, players create characters based on a variety of skill levels and races.  They band together for adventures and campaigns seeking new weapons and magic or technologies that can help them in their qu…

Commentary
How to Save the African Elephant

By Johan Bergenas: For the past two weeks, leaders from around the world have gathered in South Africa for a global wildlife summit to debate regulations on the trade of endangered plants and animals. This triennial event, which concludes Wed…

Stimson in the News
Johan Bergenas op-ed in Politico on illegal fishing becoming a national security issue

This week, Secretary of State John Kerry is gathering world leaders in Washington, D.C., for a major conference on protecting the oceans. Included on the program are key issues such as ocean pollution, sustainable fishing and protection of marine parks…

Commentary
Fish Crime: What Do the Numbers Say?

Today, the Stimson Center is releasing a number of major products, including an updated version of our Secure Oceans report, a new website to help stakeholders identify technology solutions for enforcing marine protected areas and combating illegal fis…

Commentary
Why Illegal Fishing is Becoming a National Security Issue

At the State Department’s “Our Ocean” conference this week, environmentalists need to engage with the security community. This week, Secretary of State John Kerry is gathering world leaders in Washington, D.C., for a major conference on protecting the…

Research Pages
Secure Our Oceans: Technology and Innovation to Safeguard Marine Protected Areas and Combat Illegal Fishing

In partnership with National Geographic’s Pristine Seas project   In response to rising international attention to the issue of fish crime and the threat it poses to conservation, development and international security, a global strategy to protec…

Stimson in the News
Johan Bergenas and Grace Mahoney op-ed in Impact on Sustainable Development Goals

The international community labored for years to conceptualize a new global development agenda to succeed the famed Millennium Development Goals. Last September, that work came to fruition as the 193 Member States of the United Nations a…

Commentary
SDG 16: A Platform for a New Era of International Cooperation

The international community labored for years to conceptualize a new global development agenda to succeed the famed Millennium Development Goals. Last September, that work came to fruition as the 193 Member States of the United Nations a…

Stimson in the News
Stimson’s Secure Oceans Report cited in the Diplomat on Vietnam’s Diplomacy in the South China Sea

The sea breeze found us on a fast boat bound for Ly Son Island, located about 15 nautical miles off Vietnam’s Central Coast. For centuries, the island has served as a base for their fishermen to venture into the dangerous Paracels Archipelago. -snip- F…

Stimson in the News
Johan Bergenas, Grace Mahoney and Ariella Knight op-ed in Diplomatic Courier on Peacekeeping and Developement

As the world closed the books on the Millenium Developement Goals last year (MDGs), there was much to celebrate. Remarkably, the international communirt cut extreme poverty in half, 90 percent of countries have more women in parliament since 1995, and…

Commentary
A Peace Agenda on a Military Mission

As the world closed the books on the Millenium Development Goals last year (MDGs), there was much to celebrate. Remarkably, the international community cut extreme poverty in half, 90 percent of countries have more women in parliament since 1995, and 2…

Report
Secure Oceans: Collaborative Policy and Technology Recommendations for the World’s Largest Crime Scene

Later this year, the United States Secretary of State, John Kerry, will welcome leaders from all around the world to a conference focused on the security of our oceans. High on the agenda is safeguarding marine protected areas (MPA) and addressing the…

Commentary
Wildlife Crime Bill Deserves Unanimous Consent in Congress

Big things are happening in the world of wildlife preservation. With species like elephants and rhinos on the brink of extinction, and terrorists and transnational organized criminals filling their coffers with the proceeds of wildlife trafficking, the…

Commentary
How Safeguarding the Ocean Can Improve Global Security

In 2010, governments around the world agreed to protect 10 percent of the world’s oceans by 2020. Today, having just passed the halfway mark, prospects of achieving this ambitious goal seem bleak. Just over two percent of our oceans are recog…

Commentary
Driving the Conversation on Natural Security

The Stimson Center is bridging the divide between environmental crime, global security, and smart technology. The Center’s research and analysis is driving policy conversations in the U.S. and around the world, and its pragmatic engagement in the field…

Stimson in the News
Johan Bergenas and Grace Mahoney’s Op-ed in World Politics Review on security-development divide

Last month, the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) decided to widen its definition of official development assistance to include certain security and defense costs, including measures to prevent violent extremism and provide l…

Commentary
New Aid Rules Are an Opportunity to Bridge Security-Development Divide

Last month, the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) decided to widen its definition of official development assistance to include certain security and defense costs, including measures to prevent violent extremism and provide l…

Commentary
Donald Trump Just Plain Wrong on Torture

Donald Trump says that “torture works” and that if elected president, he will bring back waterboarding. In fact, he says he will allow techniques “a hell of a lot worse” than waterboarding and use them regardless of effectiveness on terrorist organizat…

Commentary
Analysis Of State Of The Union Address

Following last night’s State of the Union address — the last of Barack Obama’s presidency — experts from the nonpartisan Stimson Center analyze and provide context on the president’s remarks: Johan Bergenas, Director, Partnerships in Security…

Commentary
Stimson’s Innovative Efforts To Prevent Wildlife Crime

Sen. Chris Coons (D-DE) and Sen. Jeff Flake (R-AZ) introduced a wildlife crime bill in the United States Senate today. This is an important milestone to fight wildlife crime. The leadership of Senator Coons and Senator Flake on combatting int…

Commentary
A Very Real Problem

“I’m sorry, but I don’t care if Dumbo takes one to the head,” said one senior European law enforcement official to a colleague at an international meeting on transnational organized crime earlier this year. Clearly, not everyone cares about the perils…

Stimson in the News
Op-ed by Johan Bergenas in The National Interest on the United Nations

An economy does not grow easily in the midst of a crossfire. The United Nations opens its 70th session on September 15, and later this month diplomats are poised to adopt a new approach to global development. If you thought that eradicating global…

Commentary
The UN’s Smart New Way to Increase Economic Growth and Security

An economy does not grow easily in the midst of a crossfire. The United Nations opens its 70th session on September 15, and later this month diplomats are poised to adopt a new approach to global development. If you thought that eradicating global pove…

Stimson in the News
Johan Bergenas quoted in Internacional El Mercurio on the struggle to protect wild animals in Africa (Spanish)

La muerte de Cecil, el león más emblemático de la reserva de Hwange (Zimbabwe) a manos del estadounidense Walter Palmer, que pagó US$ 50.000 por cazarlo, reavivó la polémica por la falta de protección de los animales salvajes en África. -snip- “Si bien…

Stimson in the News
Johan Bergenas quoted in PRI on Kenyan anti-poaching initiatives

Winding up a hill in southern Kenya, a tracker dog is guided by a scent – past thorned bushes and through brush. -snip- “Their insurances, their connections, their income is so large that it should probably take some time to really try to squeeze these…

Stimson in the News
Johan Bergenas quoted in The National UAE on anti-ISIL coalition’s new Sawab Centre

The US-led anti-ISIL coalition’s new Sawab Centre to combat terrorism in the region went live from Abu Dhabi on Wednesday. -snip- “The centre is another manifestation of a broader US and coalition strategy to meet the ISIL threat at conventional and un…

Stimson in the News
Johan Bergenas quoted in America Abroad on anti-poaching & wildlife laws

The illicit wildlife trade is now worth up to 20 billion dollars a year. That’s double what it was just a few years ago – worth far more than the weapons trade and approaching the rate of human smuggling. This has attracted the attention of Al Shabaab,…

Stimson in the News
Johan Bergenas & Ariella Knight in the SAIS Review on Environmental Crime & Illicit Financing

For decades, politicians have left the responsibility to protect the world’s natural resources to environmental organizations and aid agencies. Yet, with environmental crime on the rise and revenue filling the coffers of the world’s worst terrorist org…

Stimson in the News
Five Myths About Illegal Wildlife Trafficking

Poaching has a long history in the United States and abroad, with armed conflicts dating back to the Oyster Wars of the 1800s. But the illegal wildlife trade has skyrocketed in recent years, and the threat of species loss looms large. The tra…

Stimson in the News
Johan Bergenas’ Op-Ed In Politico On Fishing Wars In Asia

In 2012, Beijing transformed a Soviet-era hulk into its first aircraft carrier, a major step in the country’s military build-up. Now, Chinese officials are confirming they won’t make any more trips to the old aircraft-carrier bazaar but are instead con…

Stimson in the News
Johan Bergenas’s op-ed in Politico on Fishing Wars in Asia

In 2012, Beijing transformed a Soviet-era hulk into its first aircraft carrier, a major step in the country’s military build-up. Now, Chinese officials are confirming they won’t make any more trips to the old aircraft-carrier bazaar but are instead con…

Commentary
Fishing For War

How to avoid a war with China over seafood­—and take a bite in world poverty. In 2012, Beijing transformed a Soviet-era hulk into its first aircraft carrier, a major step in the country’s military build-up. Now, Chinese officials are confirming they wo…

Commentary
Five Myths about Illegal Wildlife Trafficking

Poaching has a long history in the United States and abroad, with armed conflicts dating back to the Oyster Wars of the 1800s. But the illegal wildlife trade has skyrocketed in recent years, and the threat of species loss looms large. The tra…

Commentary
Sustainable Partnership: Security and the Post-2015 Development Goals

In 2000, diplomats at the United Nations adopted eight development goals aimed at poverty reduction, education, nutrition, gender equality and safeguarding the environment in the world’s poorest countries. An impressive consortium of governments, multi…

Commentary
Smart Security Through Technology and Innovation

Since September 2013, the Stimson Center has participated in a wildlife security project researching, evaluating, and deploying technology and innovation in response to the current poaching and wildlife crime crisis. This spotlight reflects lessons lea…

Commentary
Innovative Steps for Combating Environmental Crime

Deputy Director for Stimson’s Managing Across Boundaries initiative Johan Bergenas outlines the work being done in the coming weeks in partnership with the Kenya Wildlife Service (KWS) and other partners to improve management of security threats in pre…

Commentary
Fishing Wars: China’s Aggression Could Stoke Future Conflict

The Vikings conquered the high seas to plunder and pillage. The British established their empire by dominating the oceans. And in the past 40 years, the United States Navy helped usher in a new era of unprecedented trade and global connectivity by safe…

Stimson in the News
Answering the President’s Call On Wildlife Trafficking

One year ago President Obama released a strategy for combating wildlife trafficking. Managing Across Boundaries Deputy Director Johan Bergenas discusses how Stimson has answered the president’s call through an innovative project to combat poaching in E…

Policy Paper
Green Terror: Environmental Crime and Illicit Financing

For decades, politicians have left the responsibility to protect the world’s natural resources to environmental organizations and aid agencies. Yet, with environmental crime on the rise and revenue filling the coffers of the world’s worst terrorist org…

Commentary
Development’s New Best Friend: The Global Security Complex

There are two reasons why the UN’s Sustainable Development Goals are being securitized – 1) the hard lessons learned while implementing the Millennium Development Goals, and 2) a growing conviction that sustainable development and security are inextric…

Stimson in the News
Johan Bergenas op-ed in ISN on sustainable development

The United Nations’ blueprints for the upcoming Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) reveal an interesting trend. Whereas the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) focused exclusively on development initiatives, the SDGs look set to interweave security i…

Commentary
The Next Generation WMD Nonproliferation Agenda

The WMD supply chain is moving to parts of the world that have very little interest in the global nonproliferation regime, warns Johan Bergenas. That means it’s time for an updated nonproliferation agenda that accounts for the socio-economic needs of d…

Stimson in the News
Johan Bergenas’ op-ed on WMD proliferation published in ISN Zurich

The Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty and the Conventions on Chemical and Biological Weapons remain the key pillars of the global nonproliferation regime to prevent the spread of nuclear, biological and chemical weapons. To date, this regime has largely…

Commentary
Make Money, End Poverty

Governments at the United Nations are in full swing designing the next blueprint for global development, the successor to the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). The entire process is important, to be sure, but one particularly notable aspect is that…

Stimson in the News
Johan Bergenas’ op-ed for Foreign Policy on public-private cooperation in combating poverty

Governments at the United Nations are in full swing designing the next blueprint for global development, the successor to the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). The entire process is important, to be sure, but one particularly notable aspect is that…

Commentary
Putting Environmental Crimes on the Defense and Security Agenda

Last month, amid nonstop coverage of the Ukrainian crisis and an onslaught of domestic U.S. issues, the New York Times published an editorial urging the U.S. Congress to pass legislation to comply with international obligations on illegal fishing. Why…

Commentary
Technology and Innovation against Global Challenges

In response to President Barack Obama and former Secretary of State Hillary Clinton’s call to action, the Stimson Center has initiated a project on technology and innovation against poaching and wildlife trafficking. During the development and executio…

Stimson in the News
Johan Bergenas’ op-ed is cited in Enough Project on a new national strategy for wildlife poaching

For the first time, the United States has announced a National Strategy for Combating Wildlife Trafficking and a ban on the commercial trade of elephant ivory. This new strategy aims to “ensure that the United States is not contributing to poaching of…

Commentary
Successful Strategy on Fighting Wildlife Crime Hinges on Three Key Areas

This week, the White House released its National Strategy for Combating Wildlife Trafficking. The strategy hones in on three key priorities, including strengthening enforcement mechanisms, reducing the demand side of the challenge and strengthening par…

Stimson in the News
Johan Bergenas is interviewed on ABC Radio Australia on wildlife crime

“Late Night Live” on Australia’s ABC Radio recently interviewed Johan Bergenas on the topic of poaching and wildlife crime. To listen to the interview, click here.

Commentary
Break the Link between Terrorism Funding and Poaching

There is a new threat in the terrorist hotbed of Africa, and the U.S. military can do much more to combat it. Poaching of endangered elephants and rhinos has become a conservation crisis, and profits from wildlife crimes are filling the coffers of terr…

Report
Killing Animals, Buying Arms

“Killing Animals, Buying Arms: Setting the Stage for Collaborative Solutions to Poaching + Wildlife Crime,” outlines a path forward to combat the serious threat posed by poaching and wildlife crime to international security and economic development….

Stimson in the News
Johan Bergenas and Brian Finlay in World Politics Review

Globalization is predominantly thought of as a benign force offering greater opportunities for trade, communication and technological innovation. Yet globalization has developed a dark side, exploited by malicious actors like drug and human traffickers…

Commentary
The Other Side of Drones: Saving Wildlife in Africa and Managing Global Crime

On 23 May 2013, poachers brutally killed a rhinoceros in Lake Nakuru National park, Kenya. Three days later, poachers attacked and killed two rhinoceroses in two separate incidents: at Solio Ranch near Nyeri in central Kenya, and at Ngulia Rhino Sanctu…

Stimson in the News
Johan Bergenas is interviewed on poaching on WPFW 89.3 FM

Johan Bergenas discusses poaching on WPFW 89.3 FM’s “Community Watch & Comment-Wednesdays” program (beginning at 16:47). To hear the full interview, click here.

Commentary
Killing Lions, Buying Bombs

President Obama and former Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton recently stepped up the fight against poachers, who kill tens of thousands of animals worldwide every year, selling their body parts for enormous profits. As well as bringing much nee…

Stimson in the News
An op-ed on poaching by Johan Bergenas, Rachel Stohl and Ochieng Adala is published in the NY Times

President Obama and former Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton recently stepped up the fight against poachers, who kill tens of thousands of animals worldwide every year, selling their body parts for enormous profits. As well as bringing much nee…

Stimson in the News
Johan Bergenas and Rachel Stohl op-ed on unarmed drones is published in the IBTimes

President Barack Obama’s use of armed drones to kill terrorists has dominated the debate about unmanned aerial vehicles, while comparatively little attention has been given to non-weaponized drones. Yet these unarmed drones may be even more important t…

Commentary
Public-Private Partnerships Essential to Combat Poaching

At the end of last year, visiting Kenya under the auspices of a Stimson Center development and transnational security project in East Africa, I met Baraka, a 2.5-ton black rhinoceros that, despite being completely blind, is truly lucky. Baraka, whose n…

Stimson in the News
An op-ed by Johan Bergenas on combating poaching is featured in World Politics Review

At the end of last year, visiting Kenya under the auspices of a Stimson Center development and transnational security project in East Africa, I met Baraka, a 2.5-ton black rhinoceros that, despite being completely blind, is truly lucky. Baraka, whose n…

Stimson in the News
An op-ed by Johan Bergenas and Esha Mufti on Defense cuts is featured in Investor’s Business Daily

The across-the-board U.S. budget cuts known as sequestration – which will chop $46 billion from the Defense Department budget this year and $500 billion over 10 years if not overturned – are accelerating efforts by America’s defense industry to find ne…

Stimson in the News
Brian Finlay publishes in Non-Proliferation Monthly on chemical security

Managing Director and Managing Across Boundaries Initiative’s Senior Associate Brian Finlay and Deputy Director Johan Bergenas were published in The Nonproliferation Review, writing on how to get buy-in from emerging…

Report
Combatting the Undercurrents of Globalization in the Developing World

In the last 150 years, advanced technology has served as a critical tool in achieving national and international goals and, by extension, to furthering the human condition. Public-private sector partnerships have been a critical component to making tec…

Commentary
Crime-Terror Nexus Requires Integrated Security Approaches

Before departing from her position as U.S. secretary of state, Hillary Clinton stated at a Senate Foreign Relations Committee hearing that al-Qaida in the Islamic Maghreb (AQIM) is “not only a terrorist syndicate, it is a criminal enterprise.” Recogniz…

Stimson in the News
Johan Bergenas and Esha Mufti publish in WPR on integrated strategies for interconnected threats

Managing Across Boundaries Deputy Director Johan Bergenäs and Research Assistant Esha Mufti were published in World Politics Review, writing about the increasingly close links between organized crime groups, trafficking network…

Commentary
International security: the James Bond school of thought

The world has been shaken-not stirred-many times since James Bond ordered his first vodka martini in Ian Fleming’s novel Casino Royale 60 years ago. On Sunday, at the Oscar’s Gala, the Academy Awards will honor the movie franchise about the Britis…

Commentary
Hybrid Framework for a Hybrid World

Johan Bergenas spoke at an Uppsala University panel titled “A Wider Security Agenda.” He spoke on the next generation partnerships within and between the public and the private sectors needed to achieve 21st century global security and development…

Research Pages
Global and Regional Security/Development Challenges and the Role of Innovative Partnerships

Johan Bergenas spoke at a conference titled E3DS Summit (energy, environment, economics, defense and securit), co-presented by IHS and Dynamixx, on global and regional security and development challenges and the role that innovative partnersh…

Commentary
Towards a More Effective Implementation of the EU Security Strategy

On October 5, 2012, Johan Bergenas spoke at a European Union Policy Hub titled “Towards a More Effective Implementation of the EU Security Strategy: What Methods and Strategies to Ensure Impact,” promoting the Managing Across Boundaries Progr…

Commentary
Defense, Security and Development in a Hybrid World

In August 1944, representatives from China, the Soviet Union, the United Kingdom and the United States gathered at the Dumbarton Oaks mansion in Washington to lay the foundations of the postwar global governance architecture. Coinciding with the libera…

Commentary
Japan’s Progressive Approach To Coordinated Capacity Building

A common theme in international relations debates today centers on the need to move beyond stove-piped bureaucracies and policy solutions to more effectively respond to the interconnected challenges of a world defined by the forces of globalization. In…

Stimson in the News
More National Security Work Ahead

As the belt tightens on the Pentagon’s budget, it would seem that U.S. defense contractors face tough times over the next 10 years. As the U.S. defense market shrinks, however, significant opportunities are emerging to supply security technology to non…

Commentary
Data vs. Borders: Information-Sharing in Transnational Security

Over the past 30 years, the process of globalization has revolutionized international affairs. The amount of trade has tripled, and the ease with which goods, money, services and people now circulate globally has resulted in soaring economic growth and…

Commentary
Fighting Budget Deficits by Leveraging the Private Sector

The U.S. government’s efforts to reduce America’s budget deficit has put funding for nuclear nonproliferation programs, development aid and even defense spending on the chopping block. With advocacy groups and lobbyists in Washington now fighting tooth…

Commentary
Memo to Congress: The UN works

Clearly, the Iranian nuclear conundrum is far from solved and the imposition of sanctions is only one tool utilized during this tense process. But actions taken by the U.N. Security Council achieved its intended purpose – which is all that we can ask f…

Commentary
Fighting Security Challenges With Regional Cooperation

This weekend, Saudi Arabia will gather Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries and other Middle Eastern states to collaborate on fighting the spread of weapons of mass destruction to terrorist organizations. The Saudi initiative reaffirms that regiona…

Report
A Piece of the Global Puzzle

Chapter VIII of the UN Charter clearly looks upon interstate regional arrangements and agencies as institutions that can alleviate the task of the UN Security Council to maintain international peace and security. Bodies like the Organization of America…

Commentary
The Nuclear Domino Myth: Dismantling Worst-Case Proliferation Scenarios

When considering the dangers of an Iranian nuclear weapons program, those who differ on political ideology find rare common ground. According to nearly everyone, if Iran develops nuclear weapons, its neighbors will inevitably do so, too. Former U.S. Se…

Commentary
Defusing Nuclear Tension with Tehran

Ayatollah Ali Khamenei, Iran’s supreme leader, said Wednesday that talks about his country’s nuclear programme will not take place “under the shadow” of threats. The United States and other countries should grasp this opportunity, rein in the rhet…

Commentary
Ashton Seeks to Revive EU Role in Iran Nuclear Talks

The European Union’s foreign policy chief, Catherine Ashton, and Iran’s top nuclear negotiator, Saeed Jalili, are currently involved in a diplomatic dance over resuming talks on Tehran’s nuclear program. If the talks do indeed come to fruition, Ashton…

Commentary
Give Obama a Break

President Barack Obama might look upon his Dec. 10 trip to Oslo, where he is due to accept the Nobel Peace Prize, as something of a reprieve before he arrives for difficult negotiations at the Copenhagen climate summit. However, his time in Norway will…

Chapter
The Role of African Regional and Subregional Organizations in Implementing Resolution 1540

In April 2006, the Security Council passed Resolution 1673. The resolution extended the 1540 Committee’s mandate for an additional two years and invited the committee to “explore with States and international, regional and subregional organizations exp…

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