Tobias C. Berkman

This is the profile of a former staff member, affiliate, intern, or guest author. Biographical information is not maintained and may be out of date.
Research & Writing

The Impossible Mandate?

Is the world prepared to use military force to protect civilians from mass violence? In 2001, the International Commission on Intervention and State Sovereignty argued that when nations failed to protect their citizens from large-scale violence and gen…

Who Should Keep The Peace?

Maintaining peace has traditionally been the job of nations but, as populations grow, distances shrink, borders leak, and belief systems clash, it has increasingly become a multinational, collaborative task. As evidence, consider the number of peace su…

United Nations Mechanisms for Combating Illegal Trade in Regions of Conflict

UN Panels of Experts (or sometimes Monitoring Mechanisms, Teams, Groups, or Group of Experts) are small teams of experts sent to investigate violations of UN sanctions and to recommend remedies for the violations.  They provide extensive reports t…

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