US Foreign Policy
Data Tool
CSPA Implementation Tracker

Country Profiles

Monitoring U.S. government efforts to leverage arms sales and military assistance to prevent the recruitment and use of child soldiers
Part of the Child Soldiers Project


Country Profile
Years Listed

Each shaded box corresponds to a year the country appeared on the CSPA list and what types of waivers it received, if any.

Turkey first appeared on the CSPA list in 2021. The U.S. president fully waived CSPA prohibitions against the provision of U.S. arms sales and military assistance to Turkey, resulting in the provision of more than $1.9 million in International Military Education and Training in FY2022.

According to the U.S. State Department, the Turkish government provided operational, equipment, and financial support to an armed opposition group in Syria that recruits and uses child soldiers. Of the 820 children reportedly recruited and used in the Syrian conflict in 2020, 191 cases were attributed to Turkish-supported armed opposition groups.

The Turkish government has worked to identify trafficking victims, including child soldiers. In 2019, the government identified 193 trafficking victims, one of whom was a child soldier, and it increased its trafficking victim protection efforts the following year.

For more information, see the U.S. State Department’s Trafficking in Persons Report and Country Reports on Human Rights Practices.

Total Waived and Prohibited

Since the CSPA took effect.

Turkey CSPA Country Profile

Explore the Data

Country- and program-level data on the number and type of national interest waivers granted, as well as the amount of arms sales and military assistance waived.

Amounts and Waivers by Program

Amount Waived and Prohibited by Fiscal Year & Program

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