US Foreign Policy
Data Tool
CSPA Implementation Tracker

Country Profiles

Monitoring U.S. government efforts to leverage arms sales and military assistance to prevent the recruitment and use of child soldiers
Part of the Child Soldiers Project


Country Profile
Years Listed

Each shaded box corresponds to a year the country appeared on the CSPA list and what types of waivers it received, if any.

Pakistan first appeared on the CSPA list in 2021. The U.S. president fully waived CSPA prohibitions against the provision of U.S. arms sales and military assistance to Pakistan, resulting in the provision of $3.5 million in International Military Education and Training in FY2022.

According to the U.S. State Department, the Pakistani government has provided material support to non-state armed groups that recruit and use child soldiers. Militant groups operating in Pakistan and Afghanistan kidnap, buy, recruit, and coerce children into their ranks and force them to spy, fight, and conduct suicide attacks in Pakistan and Afghanistan.

In 2019, the Pakistani military announced it would bring more than 30,000 religious schools under government control, some of which were used by non-state armed groups to forcibly recruit child soldiers. Between April 2020 and March 2021, however, the government did not report investigating, prosecuting, or convicting individuals involved in child soldiering offenses.

For more information, see the U.S. State Department’s Trafficking in Persons Report and Country Reports on Human Rights Practices. More information on the situation in Pakistan can also be found in the U.N. Secretary-General on Children and Armed Conflict’s annual report.

Total Waived and Prohibited

Since the CSPA took effect.

Pakistan CSPA Country Profile

Explore the Data

Country- and program-level data on the number and type of national interest waivers granted, as well as the amount of arms sales and military assistance waived.

Amounts and Waivers by Program

Amount Waived and Prohibited by Fiscal Year & Program

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