Strategic Competition in Southern Asia: Arms Race or Modernization?

The triangular competition in Southern Asia appears to be intensifying and posing challenges to stability. In China, India, and Pakistan, new conventional and strategic capabilities are coming online while old ones are being overhauled. Strategic doctrines may be evolving along with core interests and threat perceptions. Analysts debate whether such patterns constitute military modernization that enhances security or an arms race that threatens it.  

The Stimson Center South Asia Program hosted a conference on competitive strategic developments on the subcontinent, including relevant drivers, dynamics, and potential effects. The panels and participants offered assessments of trends in the air, land, and maritime domains of China, India, and Pakistan. 

WATCH Panel 1: Cold Start and Frozen Conflict: Competitive Dynamics on Air and Land 

WATCH Panel 2: Boomers, Baburs, and Bastions: Competitive Maritime Developments

WATCH Lunchtime Presentation of Stimson’s Open Online Course: Nuclear South Asia: A Guide to India, Pakistan, and the Bomb

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