Fact Sheet

Spent Nuclear Fuel in Sweden

Management and Disposal of Spent Nuclear Fuel in Sweden


6,758 MTU spent nuclear fuel in storage (2016)
4,000 MTU spent nuclear fuel projected by 2050
1972 First year of commercial nuclear operation
7 operating nuclear power reactors
0 operating research and test reactors
7.75 GW(e) installed nuclear capacity (2019)
40.33% nuclear share of domestic energy production (2018)

Regulator: Swedish Radiation Safety Authority
Power Operators: Ringhals AB, Forsmarks Kraftgrupp AB, OKG Aktiebolag

Nuclear Power stations in Sweden (as of 2019)

Management and Disposal of Spent Nuclear Fuel


  • Currently, spent fuel is stored wet onsite for at least 9 months before transport to wet storage at the Clab central storage facility (operational since 1985)
  • In 2009 it was determined that a final DGR would be established near Forsmark with a capacity of 12,000 metric tons spent fuel; it is estimated to be completed in the 2080s
  • Technical siting research and development for the DGR are primary aspects of Swedish nuclear research activities


  • Sweden acceded to the Euratom safeguards agreement (INFCIRC/193) in 1995 and the additional protocol went into effect in 2004
  • Sweden signed the Joint Convention in 1997 and ratified in 1999
  • Current laws regulating SNF management are: The Act on Nuclear Activities (1984), Radiation Protection Act (1988), Environmental Code (2000), Act on Financing of Management of Residual Products from Nuclear Activities (2006), and Nuclear Liability Act (1968)
  • Sweden’s SNF policy was initially built on the attractiveness of reprocessing and recycling, but nonproliferation concerns led to a shift towards direct disposal
  • SNF is now treated as waste despite not being defined as waste until in a deep geological repository is constructed
  • Nuclear licensees are responsible for paying into the Nuclear Waste Fund, which covers expenses for spent fuel management and waste disposal
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