Nonproliferation
Resource
Fact Sheet

Spent Nuclear Fuel in Czech Republic

Management and Disposal of Spent Nuclear Fuel in the Czech Republic

  • June 1, 2020
  • 8:42 pm

Highlights

1,827 tHM spent nuclear fuel in storage (2016)
3,377 tHM spent nuclear fuel projected by 2050
1985 First year of commercial nuclear operation
6 operating nuclear power reactors
3 operating research and test reactors
4.29 GW(e) installed nuclear capacity (2017)
4.68% nuclear share of domestic energy production (2018)

Regulator: State Office for Nuclear Safety (SÚJB)
Power Operator: CEZ, S.A.

Nuclear Power stations in Czech Republic (as of 2019)

Management and Disposal of Spent Nuclear Fuel

Practices

  • NPP SNF is stored wet onsite for up to 12 years and then is transferred to interim dry storage onsite
  • SNF from the only critical research reactor is stored wet at the Higher Active Waste (HAW) facility in Řež
  • In 2007, 2 metric tons SNF were returned to the Russian Federation for reprocessing and storage; 112 HEU fuel assemblies were also reprocessed in Russia in 2013
  • The Czech Republic participates in the IAEA International Project on Innovative Nuclear Reactors and Fuel Cycles

Obligations

  • The Czech Republic is party to the Euratom IAEA safeguards agreement since 2009 (INFCIRC/193), as well as its additional protocol (2009)
  • The Czech Republic signed the Joint Convention in 1997 and submitted its approval in 1999
  • According to the Atomic Act, SNF management and interim storage is the owner’s responsibility; the decision to reprocess is still up to owners but no national policy has been published
  • The Radioactive Waste Repository Authority (SÚRAO) is responsible for safe final radioactive waste and spent fuel disposal
  • In accordance with the EU’s recommendations, the Czech Republic intends to begin preliminary examination of how to proceed towards DGR disposal; the preliminary plan is for site selection by 2025, construction starting 2050, and operation beginning 2065
Share on twitter
Share on facebook
Share on linkedin
Share on email
Choose Your Subscription Topics
* indicates required
I'm interested in...
38 North: News and Analysis on North Korea
South Asian Voices