The fourth and likely final Nuclear Security Summit(NSS) again highlighted the greatest security threat to the world: nuclear terrorism. U.S. President Barack Obama and other world leaders in the Summit have consistently championed the “central and unique role” of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) as the lead international coordinator on nuclear security initiatives. In reality, however, the IAEA is hindered by inherent challenges to nuclear security, highlighted not at the NSS but at the NGO Side Summit: Solutions for a Secure Nuclear Future. Moving forward, successful measures to counter contemporary nuclear security threats call for more dynamic, IAEA-led, collaborative efforts.
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