US Foreign Policy
Commentary

After Geneva, how will the US and Iran reach a final deal?

in Program

For Iran, the United States has always been the big prize. For thirty years, Iran’s bombastic rhetoric against the “the Great Satan” was merely an expression of a hurt heart. So the euphoria in Iran over the last two days over the nuclear deal is not surprising. However, some Arab societies are mourning, not celebrating. As I write these comments from Cairo, the reaction expressed in the Arab world’s most populous and arguably more important state is one of fear and discontent. If the deal with Iran extends beyond the six-month interim period and succeeds, this could mean more intrusion by Tehran into the Arab world, shifting the balance of power that has been in place for decades.

Since the 1979 Islamic revolution, Iran’s larger objective has been influence in the Middle East. To some degree that was achieved by Iran’s client relationships with Syria, Hezbollah in Lebanon and the ruling Shia government in Iraq. The sectarian Shia card was the draw – at least on the surface – that cemented those relationships, even if religious and political differences remained. But now, what will happen to Sunni Arab societies that have so far managed to escape Iranian Shia influence?

The Egyptians worry that as the United States turns its sights to Tehran, the illegal, coup-inspired government they inherited will expedite a return to military rule that has all the earmarks of the Gamal Abdul Nasser period of the 1950s.

To read the full op-ed, click here

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This op-ed first appeared at Al Jazeera America on Nov. 27, 2013

Photo credit: European External Action Service via Flickr

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