Johan Bergenas, an Abu Dhabi security expert and deputy director of the Managing Across Boundaries Initiative at the Stimson Centre think tank, said that the Middle East had been the site of a wide range of illicit proliferation activities through front companies that provided materials related to weapons of mass destruction to countries such as Syria over the last decades.
“That is the nature of the proliferation challenge today,” he said. “A web of actors participate and we know that private-sector entities are an important part of the supply chain. It is important to point out, however, that companies in, for example, the US and the UK have also been identified as suppliers of proliferation-sensitive technology to the Middle East region.”
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