Nuclear Safeguards

WMD, Nonproliferation, and Security

Nuclear Safeguards

The Nuclear Safeguards program examines the impact of evolving international, regional and bilateral safeguards obligations on states and facility operators. Through stakeholder engagement, the program promotes best practices in safeguards implementation across the nuclear fuel cycle, from the (very) front-end (mining, milling conversion) to the back-end (waste storage and disposal). Projects include looking ahead to nuclear facilities of the future, such as deep geological repositories and multinational fuel cycle facilities and how these emerging facilities, coupled with emerging technologies, challenge and/or enhance the management of safeguards. The Nuclear Safeguards program is part of the Promoting Security & Prosperity Initiative.

Research and Analysis

September 18, 2019 | EXPERT: Alfredo Labbe

The article is based on the presentation by the author at the Conference América do Sul na era nuclear (South America in the Nuclear Era) organised in August 2018 by the Federal University of Santa Maria, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil and Pugwash International.

August 26, 2019 | EXPERT: Diego Cándano

Mexico’s nuclear program dates back to the 1950s with research being performed at universities around the country and the creation of the Comisión Nacional de Energía Nuclear (CNEN) by presidential decree in 1956 under the conviction that peaceful nuclear energetic and non-energetic applications

August 7, 2019

A national plan for radioactive waste management should consider all levels of radioactive waste, from low and intermediate level waste (LILW) to high level waste (HLW) and spent nuclear fuel.

April 18, 2019

The only deep geological repository in the United States, the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant, is licensed to permanently dispose of transuranic radioactive waste for 10,000 years from nuclear weapons production facilities and cleanup sites.

March 27, 2019 | EXPERT: Akriti Vasudeva , EXPERT: Cindy Vestergaard , EXPERT: Emily Tallo , EXPERT: Hannah Haegeland

Policy debates around participation in multilateral information-sharing mechanisms highlight fundamental tensions between safety, national security, and international security.

March 11, 2019

Historically, there have been limited international controls at the very front end of the nuclear fuel cycle, which consists of mining, processing, transportation, and conversion of natural uranium.

January 3, 2019

As the global nuclear fuel cycle becomes increasingly a back-end fuel cycle, an entirely new nuclear facility is being developed to handle the permanent disposal of spent nuclear fuel.

November 6, 2018 | EXPERT: Cindy Vestergaard

Blockchain is transitioning away from the hype and gaining legitimacy as the next-wave technological solution to distribute data and build a network of trust among parties.

August 13, 2018 | EXPERT: Cindy Vestergaard , EXPERT: Lovely Umayam

Distributed ledger technology (DLT), such as Blockchain, is being characterized as revolutionary in its potential to alter the world economy. Stimson is identifying applications and implications of DLT for non-proliferation and international security at the international, nati

July 30, 2018 | EXPERT: Cindy Vestergaard

The point at which nuclear material becomes subject to comprehensive safeguards agreements with the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) is commonly known as the “starting point of safeguards.” Paragraphs falling under this heading have remained unchanged since the publication of the model Comp

March 23, 2018 | EXPERT: Cindy Vestergaard

By Cindy Vestergaard Abstract

December 1, 2017 | EXPERT: Cindy Vestergaard

The nuclear security summits have come and gone, but the challenge of nuclear terrorism is still with us.

September 8, 2017 | EXPERT: Cindy Vestergaard

Editor's Note: The Fact of the Matter is an ongoing series that highlights — and corrects — common misconceptions in conventional wisdom. Contributions to this series are from experts at the nonpartisan Stimson Center. By Cindy Vestergaard

August 9, 2017 | EXPERT: Alfredo Labbe

Por Alfredo Labbe
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