Bridging the Growing Divide Among NPT States with the “Strategic” Elimination of Nuclear Weapons
May 9, 2018 | 12:30 PM
The global nuclear order and the Non-Proliferation Treaty are undergoing stress tests. Proliferation challenges emanate from Iran and North Korea. The future of the New START Treaty and deeper cuts in strategic force levels between the United States and the Russian Federation are in doubt. Nuclear-armed states are modernizing or expanding their nuclear capabilities. Many non-nuclear-armed states, frustrated by the unrealized disarmament goal of the NPT, have supported the negotiation of the Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons to refocus international efforts on disarmament. The United States and other nuclear-armed states have pushed back against the “Ban Treaty.”
To address the growing divide between nuclear-armed and non-nuclear-weapon states, Ambassador Lewis Dunn proposes the “strategic” elimination of nuclear weapons as instruments of statecraft by 2045, the centennial of the first use of nuclear weapons. George Perkovich, Ken Olivier and Angela Nomellini Chair and Vice President for Studies at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, Anita Friedt, Acting Assistant Secretary in the Bureau of Arms Control, Verification, and Compliance at the U.S. Department of State, and George-Wilhelm Gallhofer, Counsellor at the Permanent Mission of Austria to the United Nations, will respond to Dunn’s proposal. Michael Krepon, Co-Founder of the Stimson Center, will convene our luncheon meeting, and Joshua Pollack, Co-editor of the Nonproliferation Review, will moderate the discussion.
WHAT: An on-the-record discussion with Ambassador Lewis Dunn on how to bridge the gap between nuclear-armed and non-nuclear-weapon states. In an essay appearing in the new issue of the Nonproliferation Review, Dunn proposes the “strategic,” but not physical elimination of nuclear weapons by the 100th anniversary in 2045 of the atomic bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki. He defines “strategic” elimination as the non-use of nuclear weapons as instruments of strategy, power, and security.
WHERE: The Stimson Center, 1211 Connecticut Avenue, NW, 8th Floor, Washington DC, 20036
WHEN: 12:30 PM – 2:00 PM on Wednesday, May 9, 2018. Lunch will be served at 12:15 PM.
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LEWIS DUNN, Independent Consultant: Lewis A. Dunn was the U.S. Ambassador to the 1985 Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty Review Conference and is a former Assistant Director of the U.S. Arms Control and Disarmament Agency. He now is an Independent Consultant on nuclear issues. He also is a member of the United Nations Secretary General’s Advisory Board on Disarmament Matters. He has a Ph.D. from the University of Chicago.
GEORGE PERKOVICH, Ken Olivier and Angela Nomellini Chair, Carnegie Endowment for International Peace: George Perkovich is the Ken Olivier and Angela Nomellini Chair and Vice President for Studies at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, overseeing the Technology and International Affairs Program, the Nuclear Policy Program, and the South Asia Program. He works primarily on nuclear strategy and nonproliferation issues; cyberconflict; and new approaches to international public-private management of strategic technologies.
ANITA FRIEDT, Principal Deputy Assistant Secretary in the Bureau of Arms Control, Verification, and Compliance, U.S. Department of State: Anita Friedt is the Acting Assistant Secretary in the Bureau of Arms Control, Verification, and Compliance at the U.S. Department of State. Prior to joining the AVC Bureau, Friedt served as the Director for Arms Control and Nonproliferation at the National Security Council from 2009-2011. While on the National Security Staff, she was a key player in the successful negotiation and ratification of the New START Treaty and worked to update conventional arms control in Europe, strengthen European security, and advance missile defense cooperation with Russia.
GEORGE-WILHELM GALLHOFER, Counsellor for Disarmament at the Permanent Representation of Austria to the United Nations: George-Wilhelm Gallhofer is currently Counsellor for disarmament at the Permanent Representation of Austria to the United Nations in New York. He held prior postings at the Permanent Representation to the European Union and as Deputy to the Permanent Representative of Austria to the Council of Europe. Gallhofer served as a member of Austria’s negotiating team for the Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons and worked on the Humanitarian Impacts initiative that led to adoption of the Treaty on July 7 of last year.
MICHAEL KREPON, Co-Founder, Stimson Center (Convener): Michael Krepon co-founded the Stimson Center in 1989. He served as Stimson’s President and CEO until 2000, and continues to direct Stimson’s programming on nuclear and space issues. He worked previously at the Carnegie Endowment, the State Department’s Arms Control and Disarmament Agency during the Carter Administration, and on Capitol Hill.
JOSHUA POLLACK, Editor of The Nonproliferation Review (Moderator): Joshua H. Pollack is the Editor of The Nonproliferation Review and a Senior Research Associate, and is recognized as a leading expert on nuclear and missile proliferation, focusing on Northeast Asia. Before joining MIIS in April 2016, Pollack served as a consultant to the US government, specializing in issues related to weapons of mass destruction, including proliferation, arms control, and deterrence.