US Foreign Policy
Data Tool
CSPA Implementation Tracker

Country Profiles

Monitoring U.S. government efforts to leverage arms sales and military assistance to prevent the recruitment and use of child soldiers
Part of the Child Soldiers Project


Country Profile
Years Listed

Each shaded box corresponds to a year the country appeared on the CSPA list and what types of waivers it received, if any.

Sudan first appeared on the CSPA list in 2010 and has appeared on the list for a total of ten years, with 2018 being the only year it was not listed. The U.S. president waived CSPA prohibitions against the provision of U.S. arms sales and military assistance to Sudan for one of those ten years, in 2010, lifting restrictions on nearly $46 million in Direct Commercial Sales for FY2011. However, this assistance was provided to forces fighting for South Sudan’s independence, not to the Sudanese government. The U.S. president has not issued another waiver for the government of Sudan in the years since, resulting in the prohibition of more than $676,000 in Direct Commercial Sales over eleven years.

According to the U.S. State Department, Sudanese government armed forces – including the Sudanese Armed Forces (SAF), Rapid Support Forces (RSF), and Popular Defense Forces (PDF) – as well as allied militias that have received government support – including the Sudan People’s Liberation Army-in Opposition (SPLA-IO) – are all alleged to have recruited and used child soldiers. The RSF reportedly recruited 87 children aged 14 to 17 as recently as May 2019 to disperse anti-government crowds. Many children lack documents verifying their age, a fact that is exploited by armed groups to recruit and retain child soldiers. According to the U.S. State Department, the Sudanese government has made substantial efforts to end child soldier use and recruitment by implementing a U.N. Action Plan to prevent the recruitment and use of children in armed conflict, which Sudan signed in March 2016. In 2018, UNICEF reported that Sudan had increased the transparency of its reporting, allowed UNICEF to conduct verification and monitoring visits to RSF and SAF facilities to identify and demobilize child soldiers, improved its processes for identifying and providing care to child soldiers from rebel groups, and increased anti-trafficking training for judicial and law enforcement officials. However, allegations of continued child soldier use by the Sudanese government and its aligned forces have persisted in recent years, though the use of child soldiers continues to be difficult to verify due to lack of access in conflict zones.

For more information, see the U.S. State Department’s Trafficking in Persons Report and Country Reports on Human Rights Practices. More information on the situation in Sudan can also be found in the U.N. Secretary-General on Children and Armed Conflict’s annual report and country-specific report on Sudan. 

Total Waived and Prohibited

Since the CSPA took effect.

Sudan CSPA Country Profile

Explore the Data

Country- and program-level data on the number and type of national interest waivers granted, as well as the amount of arms sales and military assistance waived.

Amounts and Waivers by Program

Amount Waived and Prohibited by Fiscal Year & Program

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