US Foreign Policy
Data Tool
CSPA Implementation Tracker

Country Profiles

Monitoring U.S. government efforts to leverage arms sales and military assistance to prevent the recruitment and use of child soldiers
Part of the Child Soldiers Project


Country Profile
Years Listed

Each shaded box corresponds to a year the country appeared on the CSPA list and what types of waivers it received, if any.

Libya appeared on the CSPA list in 2012 and again in 2020 and 2021. The U.S. president waived, either in part or in full, CSPA prohibitions against the provision of U.S. arms sales and military assistance to Libya for all three years, resulting in the provision of more than $130 million in arms sales and military assistance.

Specifically, the U.S. president waived more than $111 million in Direct Commercial Sales, more than $10.4 million in Foreign Military Sales, $142,000 in International Military Education and Training, and $8.4 million in Section 1206 or Section 333 assistance. The U.S. president has never denied Libya any arms sales or military assistance due to CSPA prohibitions.

According to the U.S. State Department, Libyan government forces and allied militias have recruited and used child soldiers. During Libya’s 2011 civil war, the armed forces of Muammar Qadhafi and other pro-regime elements allegedly recruited and used child soldiers, as did the armed forces of the Transitional National Council, Libya’s de facto government following Qadhafi’s ouster. Additionally, approximately 6,500 children identified themselves as “revolutionaries” following the war, some of whom may have supported militias during the war. Following these reports, Libya was added to the CSPA list in 2012. While there were a few isolated reports of children carrying weapons and manning checkpoints during the reporting period for the 2013 CSPA list, their affiliation to an armed group or government force remained unclear. Therefore, Libya was not included on the 2013 list nor any subsequent list until 2020. Libya’s reappearance on the 2020 CSPA list followed reports that the Special Deterrence Force, a paramilitary police force nominally operating under the command of Libya’s UN-recognized Government of National Accord (GNA), used and recruited child soldiers. Libya remained on the CSPA list in 2021 after an international organization verified that GNA and GNA-aligned armed groups recruited and used child soldiers between April 2020 and March 2021, the reporting period for the 2021 CSPA list. During this period, Libya’s government did not report taking any steps to prevent the recruitment or use of child soldiers in the country.

For more information, see the U.S. State Department’s Trafficking in Persons Report and Country Reports on Human Rights Practices. More information on the situation in Libya can also be found in the U.N. Secretary-General’s annual report on Children and Armed Conflict.

Total Waived and Prohibited

Since the CSPA took effect.

Libya CSPA Country Profile

Explore the Data

Country- and program-level data on the number and type of national interest waivers granted, as well as the amount of arms sales and military assistance waived.

Amounts and Waivers by Program

Amount Waived and Prohibited by Fiscal Year & Program

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