US Foreign Policy
Data Tool
CSPA Implementation Tracker

Country Profiles

Monitoring U.S. government efforts to leverage arms sales and military assistance to prevent the recruitment and use of child soldiers
Part of the Child Soldiers Project


Country Profile
Years Listed

Each shaded box corresponds to a year the country appeared on the CSPA list and what types of waivers it received, if any.

Afghanistan appeared on the CSPA list in 2019 and 2020. Although government forces in Afghanistan – including the Afghan Local Police and the Afghan National Police – have recruited and used child soldiers for decades, the country did not appear on the CSPA list until a 2019 amendment expanded the scope of national security forces covered by the law. In both 2019 and 2020, the U.S. president fully waived CSPA prohibitions against the provision of U.S. arms sales and military assistance to Afghanistan, providing more than $1.3 million in International Military Education and Training over the two years. The U.S. president has never denied Afghanistan any arms sales or military assistance due to CSPA prohibitions.

According to the U.S. State Department, Afghan government forces – including the Afghan National Army (ANA), Afghan National Police (ANP), Afghan Local Police (ALP), and National Directorate of Security (NDS) – as well as pro-government militias that receive support from the Afghan government have allegedly recruited and used children in both combat and non-combat roles. In 2020, the U.S. State Department verified at least five cases of child soldier recruitment – three by the ANP, one by the ALP, and one by a pro-government militia. Child soldier use and recruitment has continued even as the Afghan government has undertaken broader child protection efforts, including the formation of a National Child Protection Committee to address bacha bazi, a practice involving the sexual abuse of young boys; hiring additional social workers; and increasing the number of Child Protection Units at ANP recruitment centers. The Afghan government has never prosecuted a police or military official for the use or recruitment of child soldiers.

For more information, see the U.S. State Department’s Trafficking in Persons Report and Country Reports on Human Rights Practices. More information on the situation in Afghanistan can also be found in the U.N. Secretary-General on Children and Armed Conflict’s annual report and country-specific report on Afghanistan.

Total Waived and Prohibited

Since the CSPA took effect.

Afghanistan CSPA Country Profile

Explore the Data

Country- and program-level data on the number and type of national interest waivers granted, as well as the amount of arms sales and military assistance waived.

Amounts and Waivers by Program

Amount Waived and Prohibited by Fiscal Year & Program

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